Malakoff French pronunciation: [ma.la.kɔf] is a suburban commune in the Hauts-de-Seine department southwest of Paris, France. It is located 5 km (3.1 mi) from the centre of the city. EUROCAE, the European Organisation for Civil Aviation Equipment is based in Malakoff.
The Place du 11 Novembre on market day
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Malakoff (Île-de-France (region))
|Coordinates: 48°49′01″N 2°17′40″E|
|• Mayor (2015–2020)||Jacqueline Belhomme|
|2.07 km2 (0.80 sq mi)|
|• Density||15,000/km2 (38,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||67–80 m (220–262 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The commune of Malakoff was created on 8 November 1883 by detaching its territory from the commune of Vanves. Its name was taken from an inn sign "À la Tour de Malakoff" (= "At the Malakoff Tower"); the inn was so named in 1855 to commemorate the Battle of Malakoff, fought during the Crimean War.
Malakoff is also served by Vanves – Malakoff station on the Transilien Paris – Montparnasse suburban rail line. This station is located on the border between the commune of Malakoff and the commune of Vanves, on the Vanves side.
- Eight public preschools (maternelles): Georges-Cogniot, Fernand-Léger, Jean-Jaurès, Guy-Môquet, Paul-Bert, Paul-Vaillant-Couturier, Paul-Langevin, Henri-Barbusse
- Seven public elementary schools: Georges-Cogniot, Fernand-Léger, Jean-Jaurès, Guy-Môquet, Paul-Bert, Paul-Langevin, Henri-Barbusse
- Junior high schools: Collège Paul-Bert and Collège Henri-Wallon
- Senior high school: Lycée professionnel Louis-Girard
- Christian Boltanski, sculptor, photographer, painter and film maker, lives and works in Malakoff
- Charles Bourseul (1829–1912), scientist, a pioneer in development of the telephone, lived at 62 Rue d'Arcueil (renamed Rue Paul Vaillant-Couturier).
- Sophie Calle, artist, lives and works in Malakoff.
- Eugène Christophe (1885–1970), cyclist, winner of the Milan-San Remo race and first wearer of the yellow jersey in the Tour de France.
- Gaëtan Gatian de Clérambault (1872–1934), was a psychiatrist, an ethnologist, and a photographer. Lived in a fine villa on Rue Vincent Moris.
- Pierre Curie (1859–1906) and Marie Curie (1867–1934) rented a house on Rue du Marché (renamed Rue Gabriel-Crié). They used a shed on the property for their radium experiments (1900 to 1904).
- Serge Danot (1931-1990), director and animator, creator of Le Manège enchanté
- Louis de Grandmaison, painter, lived in Malakoff.
- Edmond Lachenal, (1855–1948), potter who opened his first pottery works (from 1880 to 1887) in the city.
- Henri Désiré Landru (1869-1922), notorious serial killer, ran a car repair shop on Avenue de Châtillon (renamed Avenue Pierre Brossolette) in the 1910s.
- Roger Legris (1898–1981), stage and film actor.
- Annette Messager, artist, lives and works in Malakoff.
- Louise Michel (1830-1905), militant anarchist, feminist, important figure in the Paris Commune
- Pablo Reinoso, artist and designer, lives in Malakoff.
- Henri Rousseau, called "The Customs Agent", (1844–1910), painter, took his nickname from the fact that his full-time job was as a Paris customs agent (the octroi) at the Porte de Vanves in Malakoff.
- Sanyu (1901–1966), painter, lived from 1928 to 1931 in Malakoff on Rue Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
- Francesca Solleville, singer, lives in Malakoff.
- Sam Szafran, artist, lives and works in Malakoff
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Dictionnaire des noms de lieux de France (name on cover) alias Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de lieux en France (name on front endpaper), by A. Dauzat and Ch. Rostaing, publ. 1963 by Librairie Larousse
- "Les écoles primaires." Malakoff. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
- "Les collèges et lycées." Malakoff. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
- Debailleux, Henri-François (29 October 1998). "Reinoso, Appel d'air. A Malakoff, l'Argentin expose des oeuvres magiques en toile de parachute". Libération (in French). Retrieved 26 February 2013.