|Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology|
1 October 2012 – 26 December 2012
|Prime Minister||Yoshihiko Noda|
|Preceded by||Masaharu Nakagawa|
|Succeeded by||Hakubun Shimomura|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan|
|Prime Minister||Junichirō Koizumi|
|Preceded by||Yōhei Kōno|
|Succeeded by||Junichirō Koizumi|
|Born||14 January 1944|
Bunkyō, Tokyo, Japan
|LDP (until 2003)|
|Alma mater||Waseda University (B.Com.)|
Tanaka attended high school at Germantown Friends School in the United States and graduated from Waseda University. She spent most of her early adulthood working with her father's political machine Etsuzankai, and was first lady to her father since her mother, Hana, was absent due to long-standing illness. She was elected to the Lower House in 1993, shortly after her father's death.
Tanaka was the first female foreign minister of Japan, from April 2001 to January 2002, but was fired from the cabinet after making remarks critical of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi. Later that year, she was expelled from the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and barred from party membership for two years.
In August 2002, Tanaka resigned from the Diet after allegations that she had embezzled her secretaries' civil service salaries. A Tokyo court cleared her in September, and she ran for the Diet again as an independent in November 2003.
Her husband Naoki Suzuki, whom she married in 1969 was adopted as an adult into her family, because she has no brothers to carry on the family name.
In August 2009, Tanaka and her husband joined the opposition Democratic Party of Japan. In September 2009 she became the Diet chairperson of the Committee on Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. In September 2011 she became the Diet chairperson of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. On October 1, 2012, she became Minister of Education, Culture, Science, Sports, and Technology, as part of a reshuffle of the Yoshihiko Noda Cabinet.
On November 2, 2012 she denied applications for three new universities, contradicting a report the previous day that had endorsed the establishment of the universities. It had been 30 years since a minister had contradicted the ministry in such a way. This sparked a large amount of criticism and after pressure from within the DPJ she reversed her decision and approved the applications.
She lost her seat in the December 16, 2012 general election. She left office on 26 December 2012.
- (in Japanese) (with English abstract) Tanaka, Makiko. "The English Language Development Program of the Los Angeles Unified School District : Implications for Elementary School English Education in Japan." (カリフォルニア州ロサンゼルス統一学区における英語教育の試みと日本における小学校英語教育への示唆, Archive) The Journal of Kanda University of International Studies (神田外語大学紀要). Kanda University of International Studies. 2009, Volume 21.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Makiko Tanaka.|
- "Business & Politics: Tanaka Makiko". Japan Zone. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
- "Koizumi Critic Quits Party". The New York Times. 2003-10-23. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
- "LDP Makiko Tanaka signs up with DPJ". CCTV. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
- "The Democratic Party of Japan : Profile Detail". DPJ. Archived from the original on 24 November 2009. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
- "Noda shakes up Cabinet third time". Kyodo News at The Japan Times. 2012-10-02. Archived from the original on 2012-10-03.
- Daily Yomiuri "Tanaka denies 3 proposed new universities November 3, 2012
- Daily Yomiuri DPJ pressured Tanaka's reversal / Ruling party members wanted education minister to approve universities November 9, 2012
- Japan Times Nothing left for the election-gutted DPJ to do but rebuild December 18, 2012
| Minister of state, director-general of the Science and Technology Agency
| Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan
| Chair of the House of Representatives Committee on Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
| Chair of the House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs
| Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
|House of Representatives of Japan|
| Member of the House of Representatives
from Niigata 3rd district (multi-member)
Served alongside: Yukio Hoshino, Shin Sakurai, Tomio Sakagami, Tatsuo Murayama
|New district|| Member of the House of Representatives
from Niigata 5th district (single-member)
Title next held byYukio Hoshino