Majuro (/ˈmæər/; Marshallese: Mājro [mʲæzʲĕrˠo][2]) is the capital and largest city of the Marshall Islands. It is also a large coral atoll of 64 islands in the Pacific Ocean. It forms a legislative district of the Ratak (Sunrise) Chain of the Marshall Islands. The atoll has a land area of 9.7 square kilometres (3.7 sq mi) and encloses a lagoon of 295 square kilometres (114 sq mi). As with other atolls in the Marshall Islands, Majuro consists of narrow land masses.

Montage of Majuro
Location of Majuro in Marshall Islands
Majuro (Pacific Ocean)
Majuro (Earth)
Country Marshall Islands
Island ChainRatak Chain
  MayorLadie Jack
  Total9.7 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+12 (MHT)
Native languagesMarshallese

The main population center, Delap-Uliga-Djarrit (DUD), is made up of three contiguous motus and has a population of 20,301 people as of 2012. Majuro has a port, shopping district and hotels. Majuro has an international airport with scheduled international flights to Hawaii, Micronesia, Kiribati, and Nauru, and flights to domestic destinations around the country.


At the western end of the atoll, about 50 kilometres (30 mi) from D–U–D by road, is the island community of Laura, an expanding residential area with a popular beach.[3] Laura has the highest elevation point on the atoll, estimated at less than 3 metres (10 feet) above sea level.[4]

Djarrit is mostly residential.[5]


Being slightly north of the Equator, Majuro has a tropical rainforest climate but not an equatorial climate because trade winds are prevailing throughout the year though they are frequently interrupted during the summer months by the movement of the Intertropical Convergence Zone across the area [6]. Typhoons are rare. Temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year with average temperatures around 27 °C (81 °F). Very rarely does the temperature fall below 21 °C (70 °F).[5] Majuro sees roughly 3,200 millimetres (126 in) of precipitation annually.

Climate data for Majuro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 85.5
Average low °F (°C) 77.8
Average precipitation inches (mm) 8.28
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 19.3 16.1 17.6 18.9 22.1 23.1 24.3 22.9 22.9 23.4 22.9 22.7 256.2
Average relative humidity (%) 77.7 77.1 79.0 80.7 81.9 81.1 80.5 79.3 79.4 79.4 79.9 79.7 79.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 224.4 218.6 252.8 219.4 224.8 210.8 217.0 232.2 217.8 205.4 191.4 197.4 2,612
Percent possible sunshine 61 66 67 60 58 56 56 61 60 55 54 54 59
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961−1990)[7][8]


Humans have inhabited the atoll for at least 2,000 years.[9]

Majuro Atoll was claimed by the German Empire with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884, and the Germans established a trading post. As with the rest of the Marshalls, Majuro was captured by the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1914 during World War I and mandated to the Empire of Japan by the League of Nations in 1920. The island then became a part of the Japanese mandated territory of Nanyo; although the Japanese had established a government in Nanyo, local affairs were mostly left in the hands of traditional local leaders until the start.

On January 30, 1944, United States troops invaded, but found that Japanese forces had evacuated their fortifications to Kwajalein and Enewetak about a year earlier. A single Japanese warrant officer had been left as a caretaker. With his capture, the islands were secured. This gave the U.S. Navy use of one of the largest anchorages in the Central Pacific. The lagoon became a large forward naval base of operations and was the largest and most active port in the world until the war moved westward when it was supplanted by Ulithi (Yap, Federated States of Micronesia).[10]

Following World War II, Majuro came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. It supplanted Jaluit Atoll as the administrative center of the Marshall Islands, a status that it retains after the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986.


The major population centers are the D–U–D communities: the islets of DelapUligaDjarrit (listed from south to north, on the eastern edge of the atoll). As of 2011, Majuro had a population of 27,797.[1]


Most of the population is Christian.[11] The majority follows the United Church of Christ. The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the Marshall Islands is located in Majuro.[12]

Islamic influence has been increasing. There is a sizable number of Ahmadi Muslims.[5] The first mosque opened in Majuro in September 2012.[13]

There are also LDS churches, Baptist churches, Seventh-Day Adventist churches, and the Salvation Army.[14]


Majuro's economy is driven by the service sector.[11]

On September 15, 2007, Witon Barry, of the Tobolar Copra processing plant in the Marshall Islands' capital of Majuro, said power authorities, private companies and entrepreneurs had been experimenting with coconut oil as an alternative to diesel fuel for vehicles, power generators and ships. Coconut trees abound in the Pacific's tropical islands. Copra from 6 to 10 coconuts makes 1 litre of oil.[15]

Air Marshall Islands has its headquarters in Majuro.[16]

Education and Finance

Colleges and universities

The College of the Marshall Islands is located in Uliga.

The University of South Pacific has a presence on Majuro.[11]

Bank of the Marshall Islands

Bank of Guam

Beyond Banking Group

Primary and secondary schools

Marshall Islands Public School System operates public schools.

High schools:[17]

Primary schools:[18]

  • Ajeltake Elementary School
  • Delap Elementary School
  • DUD Kindergarten
  • Ejit Elementary School
  • Laura Elementary School
  • Long Island Elementary School
  • Majuro Middle School
  • Rairok Elementary School
  • Rita Elementary School
  • Uliga Elementary School
  • Woja Maj. Elementary School

In the 1994-1995 school year Majuro had 10 private elementary schools and six private high schools.[19]

There is a Seventh Day Adventist High School and Elementary School in Delap, where English is taught to all students.[20]


Majuro Hospital has 81 beds.[21] It is the main hospital for Majuro, as well as many of the outer islands; the only other major hospital is in Ebeye.[14]


Water and sewage

The Majuro Water and Sewer Company obtains water from a catchment basin on the International Airport runway. It supplies 140,000,000 US gallons (530,000,000 l; 120,000,000 imp gal) a year or 14 US gallons (53 l; 12 imp gal) per person per day. This compares with New York City's 118 US gallons (450 l; 98 imp gal) per person per day. Water is supplied 12 hours daily. The threat of drought is commonplace.[22]



Marshall Islands International Airport, offering domestic and international services, is on Majuro Atoll. It is served by four passenger airlines: United Airlines, Nauru Airlines, Air Marshall Islands, and Asia Pacific Airlines.[23]

Air Marshall Islands flies to most of the Marshalls' inhabited atolls once a week.[24] It offers daily service between Majuro and Kwajalein except Thursdays and Sundays.[25]


Majuro Lagoon is an active port. The Marshall Islands Shipping Corporation operates three ships (Aeaman, Langdrik, Ribuukae) and a landing craft (Jelejeletae). These vessels are the main link for transporting people and supplies to and from the outer islands.

Additionally, the lagoon acts as a harbor for commercial fishing vessels, cruisers, sport fishing boats, outrigger canoes and the occasional luxury yacht.[26]


Majuro was initially scheduled to host the seventh edition of the Micronesian Games, in 2010. It subsequently renounced its hosting rights, citing a lack of adequate infrastructure.[27][28]

There is an Olympic committee in Majuro. Weightlifter Mattie Langtor Sasser participated in the Rio 2016 Summer Olympics, competing in the Women's 58 Kg category on August 8.[29] She was competing for the Marshall Islands.

Twin towns – sister cities

Majuro is twinned with:


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  2. "M". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  3. A., Cybriwsky, Roman (2013-05-23). Capital cities around the world : an encyclopedia of geography, history, and culture. Santa Barbara, California. ISBN 9781610692489. OCLC 862077105.
  4. "One Meter Topobathymetric Digital Elevation Model for Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, 1944 to 2016 - ScienceBase-Catalog". Retrieved 2019-01-15.
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  10. "Eastern Mandates". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
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  13. First Mosque opens up in Marshall Islands by Radio New Zealand International, September 21, 2012
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  16. "Contact Information Archived 2010-03-28 at the Wayback Machine." Air Marshall Islands. Retrieved on October 6, 2010. "Headquarters P.O. Box 1319 Majuro, MH 96960."
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  18. "Public Schools ." Marshall Islands Public School System. Retrieved on February 21, 2018.
  19. McMurray, Christine and Roy Smith. Diseases of Globalization: Socioeconomic Transition and Health. Routledge, October 11, 2013. ISBN 1134200226, 9781134200221. p. 127.
  20. SSD Archived 2012-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
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  24. "あこがれのタワーマンションの選び方". Archived from the original on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
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  26. "History | Burger Boat Company". Retrieved 2017-03-21.
  27. "Scaled down Micro Games in 2010" Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine, Jon Perez, Saipan Tribune, April 9, 2008
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  30. "Taipei - International Sister Cities". Taipei City Council. Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
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