Major party

A major party is a political party that holds substantial influence in a country's politics, standing in contrast to a minor party. It should not be confused with majority party.

According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary:

Major party: a political party having electoral strength sufficient to permit it to win control of a government usually with comparative regularity and when defeated to constitute the principal opposition to the party in power.

Merriam-Webster Dictionary online[1]

Major parties hold a significant percentage of the vote in elections and claim higher membership than minor parties. Typically, major parties have the most donors, best-organized support networks and excellent funding for elections. Their candidates for political positions are closely watched since they have the highest chance of being elected to office because of the high membership, recognition and donations that these parties are able to generate.

Two major parties can lead to a two-party system. If there is only one major party, then it is a dominant-party system. In a multi-party system, a major party is one that occasionally controls the presidency or premiership and is the most influential party in a coalition government.

List of major parties

Country Centre-left/Left-wing
major party
major party
Liberal/Centrist major party Other major parties
 Albania Socialist Party of Albania Democratic Party of Albania
 Algeria National Liberation Front National Rally for Democracy
 Andorra Social Democratic Party Democrats for Andorra Liberal Party of Andorra
 Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Labour Party United Progressive Party
 Argentina Citizen's Unity Party (Peronist)
Progresistas (Anti-Peronist)
Federal Peronism (Right-wing Peronism)
United for a New Alternative
(Coalition of Republican Proposal and Radical Civic Union)
Justicialist Party
 Armenia Prosperous Armenia My Step Alliance
 Aruba People's Electoral Movement Aruban People's Party
 Australia Australian Labor Party Coalition (Liberal / National / Liberal National Party of Queensland)
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria Austrian People's Party NEOS - The New Austria Freedom Party of Austria
 Azerbaijan New Azerbaijan Party
 The Bahamas Progressive Liberal Party Free National Movement
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Awami League Bangladesh Nationalist Party Jatiya Party
 Barbados Barbados Labour Party Democratic Labour Party
 Belarus Belaya Rus
Belgium (Dutch-speaking) Different Socialist Party New Flemish Alliance Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats Christian Democratic and Flemish
Belgium (French-speaking) Socialist Party Citizens Movement for Change(MCC) Reformist Movement Humanist Democratic Centre
Belgium (German-speaking) Socialist Party Christian Social Party Party for Freedom and Progress ProDG
 Belize People's United Party United Democratic Party
 Benin Union Makes the Nation Cowry Forces for an Emerging Benin
 Bolivia Movement for Socialism National Unity Front Christian Democratic Party
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance of Independent Social Democrats Party of Democratic Action
Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina
(Bosnian entity)
Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina Party of Democratic Action Democratic Front Union for a Better Future of BiH
Republika Srpska
(Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats Serb Democratic Party Party of Democratic Progress Democratic People's Alliance
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(Croatian minority)
Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatian Peasant Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatian Democratic Union 1990
 Botswana Botswana National Front Botswana Democratic Party
 Brazil Workers' Party Brazil above everything, God above everyone led by PSL To unite Brazil (coalition between PSDB and Democrats (DEM)) Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms United Patriots
 Burkina Faso People's Movement for Progress Union for Progress and Reform Congress for Democracy and Progress
 Burundi National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy Independents of Hope
 Cambodia Cambodian People's Party FUNCINPEC Sam Rainsy Party
 Cameroon Social Democratic Front Cameroon People's Democratic Movement
 Canada New Democratic Party Conservative Party of Canada Liberal Party of Canada Bloc Québécois
 Cape Verde African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde Movement for Democracy
 Cayman Islands People's Progressive Movement United Democratic Party
 Central Africa Central African Democratic Rally National Union for Democracy and Progress Union for Central African Renewal
 Chad Patriotic Salvation Movement
 Chile Socialist Party of Chile (Current leader of New Majority) Chile Vamos (Coalition of National Renewal and Independent Democratic Union) Amplitude
Christian Democratic Party
 China Communist Party of China
 Colombia Colombian Liberal Party Democratic Center Social Party of National Unity
Radical Change
Colombian Conservative Party
 Comoros Union for the Development of the Comoros, Juwa Party
 Costa Rica Citizens' Action Party (PAC) National Restoration Party National Liberation Party (PLN) Social Christian Unity Party
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia Croatian Democratic Union Bridge of Independent Lists
 Cuba Communist Party of Cuba
 Curaçao Partido MAN Movement for the Future of Curaçao Party for the Restructured Antilles
 Czech Republic Czech Pirate Party Civic Democratic Party ANO 2011 Freedom and Direct Democracy
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People Democratic Rally Democratic Party Movement for Social Democracy
 Democratic Republic of the Congo People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy Movement for the Liberation of the Congo Union for Democracy and Social Progress
 Denmark Social Democrats Danish People's Party Venstre
 Djibouti People's Rally for Progress Movement for Democratic Renewal and Development
 Dominica Dominica Labour Party United Workers' Party
 East Timor Fretilin Peoples' Liberation Party Democratic Party National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction
 Ecuador PAIS Alliance CREO SUMA Movement Partido Social Cristiano
 Egypt Free Egyptians Party Nation's Future Party
 El Salvador Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front Nationalist Republican Alliance Unity Movement
 Equatorial Guinea Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea
 Eritrea People's Front for Democracy and Justice
 Estonia Social Democratic Party Conservative People's Party of Estonia Estonian Reform Party Estonian Centre Party
Pro Patria
 Ethiopia Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
 European Union Party of European Socialists European People's Party Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe
 Faroe Islands Social Democratic Party People's Party Union Party Republic
 Fiji National Federation Party Social Democratic Liberal Party FijiFirst
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland National Coalition Party Centre Party Finns Party
 France Socialist Party The Republicans En Marche!-MoDem Alliance National Front
 Gabon Gabonese Democratic Party
 Gambia United Democratic Party Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction
 Georgia Georgian Dream United National Movement Movement for Liberty - European Georgia
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany CDU/CSU (Union of Christian Democratic Union and Christian Social Union) Free Democratic Party Alternative for Germany
 Ghana National Democratic Congress New Patriotic Party
 Gibraltar Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party Gibraltar Social Democrats Liberal Party of Gibraltar
 Greece Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza) New Democracy
 Grenada National Democratic Congress New National Party
 Guatemala National Unity of Hope National Convergence Front Vision with Values Todos
 Guinea Guinean People's Assembly Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea
 Guinea-Bissau African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde Party for Social Renewal
 Guyana People's Progressive Party A Partnership for National Unity
 Haiti Fanmi Lavalas Haitian Tèt Kale Party Struggling People's Organization Truth
 Hong Kong Pan-democracy camp
Democratic Party is the largest party.
Pro-Beijing camp
DAB is the largest party.
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party Fidesz–KDNP Alliance Democratic Coalition Jobbik
 Iceland Social Democratic Alliance Independence Party Progressive Party Left-Green Movement
 India United Progressive Alliance led by Indian National Congress National Democratic Alliance led by Bharatiya Janata Party
 Indonesia Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle Golkar Party Democratic Party Gerindra Party
 Ireland Sinn Féin Fianna Fáil Fine Gael Labour Party
 Israel Labor Party Likud Blue and White led by Israel Resilience Party Yisrael Beiteinu
 Iran Reformists Principlists
 Italy Democratic Party Lega Forza Italia Five Star Movement
Brothers of Italy
 Ivory Coast Ivorian Popular Front Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire – African Democratic Rally Rally of the Republicans Union for Democracy and Peace in Côte d'Ivoire
 Japan Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan Liberal Democratic Party Democratic Party for the People Komeito
 Jamaica People's National Party Jamaica Labour Party
 Kazakhstan Nur Otan
 Kenya Orange Democratic Movement The National Alliance
 Kyrgyzstan Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan Respublika–Ata Zhurt Bir Bol
Kyrgyzstan Party
Ata Meken Socialist Party
 Kosovo Vetëvendosje Democratic League of Kosovo Alliance for the Future of Kosovo Democratic Party of Kosovo
 Laos Lao People's Revolutionary Party
 Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony" New Conservative Party Movement For! National Alliance

Union of Greens and Farmers

 Lesotho Democratic Congress All Basotho Convention
 Liberia Congress for Democratic Change Unity Party
 Liechtenstein Free List Progressive Citizens' Party Patriotic Union The Independents
 Lithuania Lithuanian Social Democratic Party Homeland Union Liberal Movement Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party Christian Social People's Party Democratic Party
 Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia VMRO-DPMNE
 Malaysia Pakatan Rakyat Barisan Nasional
 Malawi United Democratic Front Malawi Congress Party Democratic Progressive Party Peoples Party
 Maldives Republican Party
Progressive Party of Maldives
Maldivian Democratic Party
 Mali Rally for Mali
 Malta Labour Party Nationalist Party Democratic Party
 Mexico Juntos Haremos Historia coalition led by National Regeneration Movement National Action Party Institutional Revolutionary Party Social Encounter Party (PES)
 Monaco Rally & Issues Union Monégasque
 Moldova Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova Șor Party ACUM Democratic Party of Moldova
 Mongolia Mongolian People's Party Democratic Party
 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists Democratic Front
 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces Justice and Development Party National Rally of Independents
Popular Movement
Istiqlal Party
Authenticity and Modernity Party
 Myanmar National League for Democracy Union Solidarity and Development Party
 Nagorno Karabakh Armenian Revolutionary Federation Free Motherland Democratic Party of Artsakh
 Namibia SWAPO Popular Democratic Movement
   Nepal Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Nepali Congress
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
 Netherlands Socialist Party


People's Party for Freedom and Democracy Democrats 66 Christian Democratic Appeal
Party for Freedom
 New Zealand Labour Party National Party New Zealand Green Party
New Zealand First
 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front Constitutionalist Liberal Party Independent Liberal Party
 Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism National Movement for the Development of Society Nigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation
 Nigeria All Progressives Congress People's Democratic Party
 Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party National Unity Party People's Party
 North Korea Workers' Party of Korea
 Norway Labour Party Conservative Party
Progress Party
Venstre Christian People's Party
Centre Party
 Pakistan Pakistan People's Party Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) Muttahida Qaumi Movement Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
 Papua New Guinea People's National Congress National Alliance Party
 Paraguay Frente Guasú Colorado Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party
 Peru Broad Front Popular Force Peruvians for Change
 Philippines PDP–Laban
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Nationalist People's Coalition
National Unity Party
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Liberal Party
Aksyon Demokratiko
Magdalo Party
Nacionalista Party
United Nationalist Alliance
People's Reform Party
 Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Party New Progressive Party
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance Law and Justice Civic Platform Polish People's Party
 Portugal Socialist Party Alliance between PPD/PSD – Social Democratic Party and CDS – People's Party Unitary Democratic Coalition
Left Bloc
 Republic of China (Taiwan) Democratic Progressive Party Kuomintang (Nationalist Party of China) New Power Party People First Party
 Republic of the Congo Congolese Party of Labour Pan-African Union for Social Democracy
 Romania Social Democratic Party National Liberal Party Alliance of Liberals and Democrats Save Romania Union
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
 Russia Communist Party of Russia United Russia A Just Russia
Liberal Democratic Party of Russia
 Rwanda Social Democratic Party Rwandan Patriotic Front Liberal Party
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Polisario Front
 Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Labour Party United Workers Party
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Unity Labour Party New Democratic Party
 San Marino United Left Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party RETE Movement Future Republic
 São Tomé and Príncipe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party Independent Democratic Action
 Serbia Socialist Party of Serbia Serbian Progressive Party Democratic Party (Serbia) Serbian Radical Party
 Seychelles People's Party Seychelles National Party
 Senegal Senegalese Democratic Party Alliance for the Republic
 Sierra Leone All People's Congress Sierra Leone People's Party
 Singapore Workers' Party of Singapore People's Action Party
 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy TOGETHER – Civic Democracy
Ordinary People
Progressive Slovakia
Freedom and Solidarity
Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia
 Slovenia Social Democrats Slovenian Democratic Party List of Marjan Šarec
Modern Centre Party
The Left
 Somaliland For Justice and Development Peace, Unity, and Development Party
 South Africa African National Congress Democratic Alliance
 South Korea Democratic Party of Korea Liberty Korea Party Bareunmirae Party
 South Ossetia Socialist Party "Unity of the People" United Ossetia
 South Sudan Sudan People's Liberation Movement
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party People's Party Citizens Podemos
 Catalonia (Spain) Republican Left of Catalonia Catalan Democratic Party Citizens Socialist Party of Catalonia
Basque Country (Spain) EH Bildu Basque Nationalist Party
 Canary Islands (Spain) Socialist Party of the Canaries Canarian Coalition New Canaries People's Party
 Sri Lanka United People's Freedom Alliance United National Party Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna & Tamil National Alliance
 State of Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization
Fatah is the largest party.
 Sudan National Congress
 Suriname National Democratic Party Progressive Reform Party
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Labour Party Moderate Party Centre Party
Sweden Democrats
  Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland Swiss People's Party FDP.The Liberals Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland
 Tajikistan People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan
 Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi Chadema
 Thailand Future Forward Palang Pracharat Democrat Party Pheu Thai Party
 Togo Save Togo Collective Union for the Republic
 Transnistria Renewal
 Trinidad and Tobago United National Congress People's National Movement
 Tunisia Nidaa Tounes Ennahda Movement
 Turkey Republican People's Party Justice and Development Party
 Ukraine Opposition Bloc European Solidarity Servant of the People All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"
 United Kingdom[2] Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Brexit Party (major party in European Parliament)
Scottish National Party (major party in Scotland, third party in the House of Commons)
Plaid Cymru (major party in Wales)
United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)[2] Sinn Féin (republican) Democratic Unionist Party (unionist) Alliance Party (non-sectarian) Social Democratic and Labour Party (republican)
Ulster Unionist Party (unionist)
 Uganda Uganda People's Congress National Resistance Movement Democratic Party Forum for Democratic Change
 United States Republican Party Democratic Party
 Uruguay Broad Front National Party Colorado Party
 Uzbekistan Justice Social Democratic Party Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan
 Venezuela Great Patriotic Pole led by United Socialist Party of Venezuela Democratic Unity Roundtable
 Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam
 Yemen Al-Islah (Yemeni Congregation For Reform) General People's Congress
 Zambia Patriotic Front United Party for National Development
 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai

See also


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