Maindiff Court Hospital

Maindiff Court Hospital (Welsh: Ysbyty Maindiff Court) is a community hospital near Abergavenny, Monmouthshire. It is managed by the Aneurin Bevan University Health Board. Its most noted patient was Rudolf Hess, deputy to Adolf Hitler.

Maindiff Court Hospital
Aneurin Bevan Local Health Board
Southern entrance lodge
Shown in Monmouthshire
LocationAbergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Coordinates51.833218°N 2.994851°W / 51.833218; -2.994851
Care systemPublic NHS
Hospital typeCommunity Hospital
Emergency departmentNo Accident & Emergency
ListsHospitals in Wales


The hospital is built on the site of Maindiff Court, a mansion house built by Crawshay Bailey Jnr in 1875.[1] After Bailey's death the estate was sold and in 1924 the estate was presented to Monmouthshire Asylum Committee becoming Maindiff Court Hospital.[2] Maindiff Court was demolished and the neo-Georgian style brick hospital buildings were constructed in its place in the 1930s.[3]

During the Second World War, the facility was known as Maindiff Court Military Hospital and POW Reception Centre. Half of the site was used for recuperating wounded soldiers.[4]

Rudolf Hess, Hitler's deputy, was held at Maindiff Court from 26 June 1942. Hess had his own room but he was guarded at all times. He was allowed a fair degree of freedom, often being driven about the local countryside, such as the local landmark, the Skirrid mountain. The British government never tried to hide the fact that Hess was being detained in Abergavenny. Indeed, when he first arrived, the staff of the hospital lined up in a formal reception to meet him. The news featured in many of the national papers of the time.[5] According to the Daily Mirror at the time, Hess was known locally as the "Kaiser of Abergavenny".[6]


Maindiff Court today comprises four wards, a day hospital and an ECT Department which lie within beautifully kept grounds. The original balustrade can be seen leading down to the day hospital. Ty Skirrid, a 12-bedded ward for the Gwent-wide forensic rehabilitation service, caters for men and women who have a mental disorder and have offended or are at risk of offending and provides on-going psychiatric treatment. Lindisfarne, a 3-bedded un-staffed unit, is overseen by staff from Ty Skirrid and provides unsupervised semi-independent living prior to discharge. Hiraeth Day Hospital provides 12 places a day for 5 days a week for the Abergavenny and rural communities. The ECT department provides electroconvulsive therapy treatment facilities. The Gwent Specialist Substance Misuse Service has its North Team base on site and the North Monmouthshire Adult Community Mental Health Team also provide a service from this site.[7]


  1. Jones, Alan (Spring 2005). "The 'Squire of Maindiff'". Gwent Local History (98): 53–62. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  2. "Maindiff Court Hospital". Coflein. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  3. Newman, John (2000). The Buildings of Wales: Gwent/Monmouthshire. Penguin Books. p. 103. ISBN 0-14-071053-1.
  4. "Guarding Rudolph Hess". BBC - WW2 People's War. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  5. "Rudolph Hess in Wales". BBC. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  6. "Hess, aged and ill, In Mental Hospital". The Ottawa Journal. 14 April 1945. p. 1. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  7. "Maindiff Court Hospital". Aneurin Bevan University Health Board. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
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