Mahendragarh district

Mahendragarh district is one of the 22 districts of Haryana state in northern India. The district occupies an area of 1,899 km². The district has a population of 922,088 (2011 census). Narnaul city is the administrative headquarters of the district. Mahendragarh is one of the very few districts in India where the name of the district and its main town are different.

Mahendragarh district
Location of Mahendragarh district in Haryana
DivisionNarnaul, Mahendragarh and Kanina
Tehsils1. Narnaul, 2. Mahendragarh ,3. Kanina, 4.Ateli
  Total1,899 km2 (733 sq mi)
  Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Lok Sabha constituenciesBhiwani-Mahendragarh (shared with Bhiwani district)
Vidhan Sabha constituencies4

Mahendragarh is a part of the Ahirwal region in which members of the Yadav community dominate.

Mahendergarh is hub of school education . The district of India which maximum number of selection in IIT’s and NEET every year (on average) .

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Haryana (out of 21), after Panchkula and Rewari.[1]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

Origin of name

The district is named after Mahendragarh town, which was previously known as Kanaud. The previous name was derived from the Kanaudia (Kanyakubja) group of Brahmins.

Medieval rule

During the rule of Mughals, Babur assigned it to Malik Mahdud Khan. However, later it was taken over by Patiala Riyasat.

Mahendragarh Fort

There is a fort at Mahendragarh which was built by Maratha ruler, Tantia Tope during the 19th century. This fort was named as Mahendragarh in 1861 by Narendra Singh, the ruler of Patiala, in honour of his son, Mahendra Singh and consequently the town came to be known as Mahendragarh. The name of Narnaul Nizamat was changed to "Mahendragarh Nizamat". Other nearby fort is Madhogarh Fort on top of the hill near Madhogarh village.

Both Mahendragarh fort and Madhogarh fort are being restored along the lines of Pinjore Gardens to develop them as the international tourist destination as part of Rewari-Narnaul-Mahendragarh-Madhogarh tourist circuit.[3]


Mahendragarh district was formed in 1948 by grouping different tracts of erstwhile princely states; Narnaul and Mahendragarh tehsils from Patiala State, Dadri (Charkhi Dadri) from Jind State and a part of Bawal nizamat from Nabha State. It became a part of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) state. On 1 November 1956, with the merger of PEPSU with Punjab, it became a part of Punjab state and with the formation of Haryana state in 1966, it became a part of the newly formed state. Rewari tehsil of Gurgaon district was added to it in 1972 but Rewari tehsil was made a separate district in 1989.


The district lies between north latitude 27°47’ to 28°26’ and east longitude 75°56’ to 76°51’. It is bounded on the north by Bhiwani and Rewari districts, on the east by Rewari district and Alwar district of Rajasthan, on the south by Alwar, Jaipur and Sikar districts of Rajasthan, and on the west by Sikar and Jhunjhunu districts of Rajasthan.


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Mahendergarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the two districts in Haryana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]



Dhosi Hill is an important tourist site in the District. Known as Chyawan Rishi Ashram it is a Vedic period site. It is here that Chyawanprash was formulated for the first time.


Mahendragarh district is divided into 5 tehsils, Narnaul, Nangal Chowdhary, Kanina Mahendragarh, and Ateli. There are 4 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Ateli, Mahendragarh, Narnaul and Nangal Chaudhry. All of these are part of Bhiwani-Mahendragarh Lok Sabha constituency.[5]


According to the 2011 census Mahendragarh district has a population of 922,088,[1] This gives it a ranking of 462nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 485 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,260/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.43%.[1] Mahendragarh has a sex ratio of 778 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 77.72%.[1]

The local dialect of the district is Ahirwati.[6] At the 2011 Census, the majority of the population identified their first language as either Haryanvi or Hindi.[7]

Religion in Mahendragarh District (2011)[8]

  Hinduism (99.04%)
  Islam (0.61%)
  Sikhism (0.19%)
  Jainism (0.07%)
  Christianity (0.03%)
  Buddhism (0.01%)
  Other or none (0.04%)


  1. "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  3. No dearth of fund to develop tourism, UNI India, 8 Dec 2018.
  4. Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  5. "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). The Election Commission of India. p. 157.
  6. Yadav, Shankar Lal (c. 1979). "Ahīrvāṭī". In Sharada, Sadhu Ram (ed.). Hariyāṇā kī upabhāṣāeṃ (in Hindi). Chandigarh: Bhasha Vibhag. pp. 197, 202.
  7. 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  8. "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.

  1. Perishing away: The abandoned havelis of Gurugram, Hindustabn Times, 2 November 2018.
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