Madsen 20 mm cannon

The 20 mm AA Machine Cannon M/38 was a 20 mm rapid fire autocannon produced by the Danish company Dansk Industri Syndikat (DISA). The gun, which could be adapted to several tactical uses, was a primary weapon of the military of Denmark. It was also exported to numerous countries around the world because of its versatility. The cannon was built at the DISA works in Herlev near Copenhagen. The company supplied several different types of mountings with the weapon which allowed it to be employed in a variety roles such as aerial defences, anti-tank warfare or on naval ships.

Madsen 20 mm cannon
Madsen 20 mm cannon
TypeAutocannon
Place of originDenmark
Service history
Used bySee Users
WarsSecond Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Winter War
Continuation War
Chinese Civil War
Specifications
Mass55 kilograms (121 lb)
Length2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Barrel length1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) L/60[1]

Cartridge20 x 120 mm
Cartridge weight.29 kg (10 oz) AP
.32 kg (11 oz) HE
Caliber20 mm
Barrelsair-cooled
Actionrecoil-operated
Rate of fire400 rpm (cyclic)
250 rpm (practical)
Muzzle velocity900 m/s (3,000 ft/s)
Effective firing range500 m (1,600 ft)
Maximum firing range2,123 m (6,965 ft)
Feed system10, 15 or 60 round magazine[1]
20x120 mm Madsen
TypeAutocannon
Place of originDenmark
Production history
ManufacturerKynoch
Specifications
Rim diameter28.9mm[2]

Design

The 20 mm Madsen Cannon was originally built by Colonel V. H. O. Madsen of the Royal Danish Army. A version with a necked-out 23 mm round was also produced for the cannon known as the 23 mm Madsen.

Combat

Several 20 mm machine cannons of the Danish Army were responsible for knocking out eleven armoured cars and two Panzer I's during the German invasion on April 9, 1940.[3]

A special variant, the Madsen F5 was designed as an anti-tank gun. It proved very effective against the Japanese tanks until the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War. It was a fully automatic weapon, with two small wheels and a 15-round magazine. At 100 m, it was able to pierce 42 mm of armor, and 32 mm at 500 m.[4] This model was reversed engineered by the Chinese 21st arsenal of Nanjing but only five were produced in 1944.[5]

Mounts

Types

The four standard mountings produced by DISA, although they also used a number of locally designed mounts, were:[6]

  • Light Field Mount - Primary anti tank mount, could be folded up and stowed on a motorcycle sidecar
  • Universal Mount - Dual purpose mount, fitted with wheels it could be towed by its crew.
  • Mobile Anti-Aircraft Mount - Dedicated AA mount.
  • Tri-axial Mount - Light weight mount intended for fortifications and naval use.

Self-propelled

Users

References

  1. Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Anti-aircraft guns. Gander, Terry,. New York: Arco Pub. Co. p. 6. ISBN 0668038187. OCLC 2000222.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  2. An introduction to collecting 20 mm cannon cartridges Archived 2012-10-25 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Gert, Lausen. "The German occupation of Denmark". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15.
  4. Ness, Leland; Shih, Bin (July 2016). Kangzhan: Guide to Chinese Ground Forces 1937–45. Helion & Company. p. 321. ISBN 9781910294420.
  5. Ness & Shih 2016, p. 328.
  6. Jessen, Halvor (1946). Automatic Standard Arms of Modern Warfare XI. Compagnie Madsen.
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