Madame Tussauds

Madame Tussauds (UK: /tjˈsɔːdz/, US: /tˈsz/)[1][N. 1] is a wax museum in London; it has smaller museums in a number of other major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud. It used to be spelled as "Madame Tussaud's"; the apostrophe is no longer used.[2][3] Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying the waxworks of famous and historical figures, as well as popular film and television characters from famous actors.



Marie Tussaud was born as Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked for Philippe Curtius in Bern, Switzerland, who to a physician skilled in wax modeling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling beginning when she was a child. He moved to Paris and took his young apprentice, then only 6 years old, with him.[4]

Grosholtz created her first wax sculpture in 1777 of Voltaire.[5] At the age of 17, she became the art tutor to Madame Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI of France, at the Palace of Versailles. During the French Revolution, she was imprisoned for three months and awaiting execution, but was released after the intervention of an influential friend.[4] Other famous people whom she modelled included Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolution, she made models of many prominent victims.[6]

Grosholtz inherited Curtius's vast collection of wax models following his death in 1794. For the next 33 years she travelled around Europe with a touring show from the collection. She married Francois Tussaud in 1795 and took his surname. She renamed her show as Madame Tussaud's. In 1802, she accepted an invitation from Paul Philidor, a lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer, to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre, London. She did not fare particularly well financially, with Philidor taking half of her profits.

She was unable to return to France because of the Napoleonic Wars, so she traveled throughout Great Britain and Ireland exhibiting her collection. From 1831, she took a series of short leases on the upper floor of "Baker Street Bazaar" (on the west side of Baker Street, Dorset Street, and King Street).[7] This site was later featured in the Druce-Portland case sequence of trials of 1898–1907. This became Tussaud's first permanent home in 1836.[8]


By 1835, Marie Tussaud had settled down in Baker Street, London and opened a museum.[9] One of the main attractions of her museum was the Chamber of Horrors. The name is often credited to a contributor to Punch in 1845, but Tussaud appears to have originated it herself, using it in advertising as early as 1843.[10]

This part of the exhibition included victims of the French Revolution and newly created figures of murderers and other criminals. Other famous people were added, including Lord Nelson and Sir Walter Scott.

Some sculptures still exist that were made by Marie Tussaud herself. The gallery originally contained some 400 different figures, but fire damage in 1925, coupled with German bombs in 1941, severely damaged most of such older models. The casts themselves have survived, allowing the historical waxworks to be remade, and these can be seen in the museum's history exhibit. The oldest figure on display is that of Madame du Barry, the work of Curtius from 1765 and part of the waxworks left to Grosholtz at his death. Other faces from the time of Tussaud include Robespierre and George III. In 1842, she made a self-portrait, which is now on display at the entrance of her museum. She died in her sleep on 16 April 1850.

By 1883, the restricted space and rising cost of the Baker Street site prompted her grandson Joseph Randall to commission construction of a building at the museum's current location on Marylebone Road. The new exhibition galleries were opened on 14 July 1884 and were a great success.[11] But Randall had bought out his cousin Louisa's half share in the business in 1881, and that plus the building costs resulted in his having too little capital. He formed a limited company in 1888 to attract fresh capital but it had to be dissolved after disagreements between the family shareholders. In February 1889 Tussaud's was sold to a group of businessmen, led by Edwin Josiah Poyser.[12]

The first wax sculpture of a young Winston Churchill was made in 1908; a total of ten have been made since.[13] The first overseas branch of Madame Tussauds was opened in Amsterdam in 1970.[14]

Ownership changes

In 2005, Madame Tussauds was sold to a company in Dubai, Dubai International Capital, for £800m (US$1.5bn). In May 2007 The Blackstone Group purchased The Tussauds Group from then-owner Dubai International Capital for US$1.9 billion;[15] the company was merged with Blackstone's Merlin Entertainments and operation of Madame Tussauds was taken over by Merlin.[15][16] After the Tussauds acquisition, Dubai International Capital gained 20% of Merlin Entertainment.[17] The Tussauds Group as a separate entity ceased to exist.

On 17 July 2007, as part of the financing for the Tussauds deal, Merlin sold the freehold of Madame Tussauds to private investor Nick Leslau and his investment firm Prestbury under a sale and leaseback agreement.[18] Although the attraction sites are owned by Prestbury, they are operated by Merlin based on a renewable 35-year lease.[16]

Recent status

Madame Tussaud's wax museum became a major tourist attraction in London. Until 2010 it incorporated the London Planetarium in its west wing. A large animated dark ride, The Spirit of London, opened in 1993. Today's wax figures at Tussauds include historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars, and famous murderers. It has been known since 2007 as "Madame Tussauds" museums (no apostrophe).

In July 2008, Madame Tussauds' Berlin branch became embroiled in controversy when a 41-year-old German man brushed past two guards and decapitated a wax figure depicting Adolf Hitler. This was believed to be an act of protest against showing the ruthless dictator alongside sports heroes, movie stars, and other historical figures. The statue has since been repaired, and the perpetrator has admitted that he attacked the statue to win a bet.[19] The original model of Hitler was unveiled in Madame Tussauds London in April 1933; it was frequently vandalised and a 1936 replacement had to be carefully guarded.[20][21][22] In January 2016, the statue of Adolf Hitler was removed from the London museum in response to an open letter sent by a staff writer of The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, followed by significant support for its removal from social media.[23]

The first Madame Tussauds in India opened in New Delhi on 1 December 2017. Its operator, Merlin Entertainments, planned an investment of 50 million pounds over the next 10 years.[24][25][26] It features over 50 wax models, including political and entertainment figures such as Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan, Katrina Kaif, Sachin Tendulkar, Kim Kardashian, Tom Cruise, Leonardo DiCaprio, Scarlett Johansson, Angelina Jolie, Asha Bhosle, Kapil Dev, and Mary Kom.[27]

Museum locations



North America


Celebrity poses with their wax figures

Many times celebrities pose like their wax figures as pranks and publicity stunts.

  • On 3 November 2009, the museum's New York City branch was featured in a segment on NBC's Today in which weatherman Al Roker posed in place of his lifelike wax figure for two hours and startled unsuspecting visitors, who were at first led to believe they were viewing Roker's wax counterpart.[52]
  • In 2010, Ozzy Osbourne did similarly in New York to promote his Scream (2010) album.[53]
  • In 2012, One Direction posed as their statues in the London museum, as a prank for the TV series Surprise Surprise.[54]
  • NBA players Carmelo Anthony and Jeremy Lin pranked fans during the unveiling of their statues at the New York and San Francisco museums, respectively.[55][56]
  • In 2015, Arnold Schwarzenegger posed as the Terminator statue in the Hollywood museum, to promote a charity event.[57]


  • In Alfred Hitchcock's The 39 Steps, Mr. Hannay tells Pamela that his uncle is featured in Madame Tussaud's murderer section and that one day she will be able to take her grandchildren to Madame Tussaud's to see him.
  • Some sequences of the film Housefull 3 were shot in the Madame Tussauds, London.
  • Parts of the film Fan (2016) were shot at Madame Tussauds, making it the first Indian film to be shot there.
  • Madame Tussauds features in the film Shanghai Knights (2003).


  • Marie Tussaud is featured in an Assassin's Creed Unity side mission, where the player is tasked with retrieving the severed heads of which Madame Tussaud was commissioned to make replicas.


  • There is a brief reference to Madame Tussaud's work in the Sherlock Holmes story "The Mazarin Stone".
  • In Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days, his author says that the only thing the wax figures sculpted by Madame Tussaud lack is speech.
  • In Elizabeth Bowen's novel The Death of the Heart (1938), Portia and Eddie have tea at Madame Tussaud's and Portia is disappointed that the waitresses are real and not made of wax.
  • In the novel Edgar Allan Poe and the London Monster (2016) by Karen Lee Street, Madame Tussaud meets twice with Edgar Allan Poe and C. Auguste Dupin at her exhibition halls.


  • In Gilbert and Sullivan's song "My Object All Sublime", from The Mikado (1885), the title character sings of punishments fitting the crime, including:

The amateur tenor, whose vocal villainies
All desire to shirk,
Shall, during off-hours
Exhibit his powers
To Madame Tussaud's waxwork.

Stage productions

  • Marie Tussaud is mentioned in The Scarlet Pimpernel (first run on stage in 1903, first publication 1905).

List of notable wax figures


Film Music Sports Leaders and History
Shah Rukh Khan Amy Winehouse Jessica Ennis-Hill Napoleon Bonaparte
Terminator Michael Jackson Muhammad Ali Elizabeth II
Katniss Everdeen Drake Usain Bolt Donald Trump
ET Madonna David Beckham Theresa May
Darth Vader Lady Gaga Mo Farah Nelson Mandela
Spider-Man Tom Daley Barack Obama
Audrey Hepburn Miley Cyrus Rafael Nadal Vincent van Gogh
Steven Spielberg Adele Sachin Tendulkar Albert Einstein
Alien Britney Spears Virat Kohli Charles Dickens
King Kong Rihanna Cristiano Ronaldo Stephen Hawking
Iron Man Bob Marley Pablo Picasso
Michael Caine Freddie Mercury William Shakespeare
The Incredible Hulk The Beatles Mahatma Gandhi
Alfred Hitchcock Dua Lipa Narendra Modi
Lata Mangeshkar Notes:[61]


The 90's Spirit of Hollywood Modern Classics Movies Pop Icons Marvel Country A-List Party
Sarah Michelle Gellar Bette Davis Sylvester Stallone Robin Williams Whitney Houston Iron Man Paul Newman Jennifer Lopez
Whoopi Goldberg Marilyn Monroe Tom Hanks Edward Scissorhands Michael Jackson Thor Clint Eastwood Betty White
Britney Spears Alfred Hitchcock John Travolta Jim Carrey Madonna Wolverine John Wayne Kylie Jenner
Selena Quintanilla Elvis Presley E.T. Jason Derulo
Audrey Hepburn Demi Lovato
Joan Rivers Taylor Swift
Judy Garland Zoe Saldana
Lady Gaga
Justin Timberlake
Snoop Dogg


Admissions Recording Studio Soul/Jazz MTV Opry Finale
Taylor Swift Elvis Presley Louis Armstrong Rihanna Keith Urban
Johnny Cash Carl Perkins Diana Ross Beyonce Reba McEntire
Jerry Lee Lewis Stevie Wonder Katy Perry Carrie Underwood
Johnny Cash Ella Fitzgerald Miley Cyrus Alan Jackson
Justin Timberlake Eric Church
Bruno Mars Jason Aldean
Trisha Yearwood
Kid Rock


Leaders and History Sports Music Industry Entertainment Industry Film
Elizabeth II David Beckham Lady Gaga Nicky Wu Benedict Cumberbatch
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge Li Xiaopeng Elvis Presley Yang Lan Johnny Depp
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Lang Ping Cui Jian Liu Xiao Ling Tong Leonardo DiCaprio
Barack Obama Kobe Bryant Luhan Yang Mi Kate Winslet
Vladimir Putin Zhang Yixing Leslie Cheung Anduin Lothar
Lao She Raini Rodriguez Jackie Chan Durotan
Yang Liwei Michael Jackson Deng Chao
Mei Lanfang Liu Wen
Hou Baolin Yang Yang
Zhao Liying
Huang Xiaoming

Washington, D.C.

U.S Presidents First Ladies Cultural Icons A-List Music Sports Entertainment
Donald Trump Michelle Obama Uncle Sam Marilyn Monroe Marvin Gaye Babe Ruth Jimmy Fallon
Abraham Lincoln Hillary Clinton Rosa Parks Zac Efron Taylor Swift Tyra Banks
Barack Obama Nancy Reagan George Clooney Miley Cyrus
George Washington Brad Pitt Beyonce
Angelina Jolie Rihanna
Johnny Depp Justin Bieber


History Leaders Arts/Sciences Sport Music Film Indian Film TV Hollywood
Princess Diana Queen Elizabeth II Albert Einstein Wayne Rooney Katy Perry Hugh Jackman Shah Rukh Khan Oprah Winfrey Jackie Chan
Mahatma Gandhi Michelle Obama Mark Zuckerberg Yao Ming Madonna Mario Maurer Katrina Kaif Anne Thongprasom Vin Diesel
Prince Mahidol Adulyadej Aung San Suu Kyi Ludwig van Beethoven Serena Williams Nichkun Horvejkul Leonardo DiCaprio Hrithik Roshan Theeradej Wongpuapan Brad Pitt
Princess Srinagarindra Barack Obama Pablo Picasso Cristiano Ronaldo Beyoncé Johnny Depp Prabhas Lady Gaga
Plaek Phibunsongkhram Sunthorn Phu David Beckham Michael Jackson Nicole Kidman Bruce Lee
Pridi Banomyong Silpa Bhirasri Khaosai Galaxy Tata Young Will Smith Angelina Jolie


TV StarsPop Stars
Paddy McGuinnessOlly Murs
Simon CowellEd Sheeran
Keith LemonLady Gaga
Gok WanMichael Jackson
Bear GryllsPeter Andre
David Jason Ariana Grande

Las Vegas

TV StarsHollywood StarsPop StarsAthletes
Sofia VergaraSandra BullockBritney SpearsMuhammad Ali
Simon CowellLeonardo DiCaprioWhitney HoustonChuck Liddell
Eva LongoriaHalle BerryLady GagaTiger Woods
Kathy GriffinHugh HefnerMichael JacksonShaquille O'Neal

New York

Jennifer AnistonPharrell WilliamsCarmelo AnthonyBarack ObamaAlbert EinsteinETJimmy FallonAdriana Lima
Leonardo DiCaprioSelena GomezLionel MessiRonald ReaganMarilyn MonroeIron ManMichael StrahanSofía Vergara
Robert PattinsonRihannaMuhammad AliAbraham LincolnCharlie ChaplinSpider-ManJon Hamm
Angelina JolieKaty PerryEli ManningJohn F. KennedyJacqueline KennedyThe Incredible HulkAnderson Cooper
Whoopi GoldbergTaylor SwiftDerek JeterMahatma GandhiJames DeanKing KongTyra Banks
Julia RobertsEd SheeranCristiano RonaldoMartin Luther King Jr.Jenna MarblesNick Fury
Priyanka Chopra Michael Jackson Dalai Lama


Justice League Film Party History & World Leaders Sports Music TV
Aquaman Audrey Hepburn Selena Gomez Donald Trump David Beckham Justin Bieber Neil Patrick Harris
Wonder Woman Kung Fu Panda Anne Hathaway Albert Einstein Serena Williams Pitbull Jim Parsons
Superman Marilyn Monroe Ryan Gosling Abraham Lincoln Miley Cyrus Oprah Winfrey
Batman Jackie Chan Jennifer Aniston Madame Marie Tussaud Ricky Martin Jimmy Fallon
E.T Will Smith Neil Armstrong Madonna Sofia Vergara
Shrek and Princess Fiona Angelina Jolie Walt Disney Katy Perry
Jennifer Lawrence Brad Pitt Rihanna
Channing Tatum Michael Jackson
Johnny Depp Elvis Presley
Taylor Swift

San Francisco

SportsHistory and LeadersMusicFilm
Jeremy LinEdwin LeeJimi HendrixLeonardo DiCaprio
Muhammed AliSteve JobsAdeleAlfred Hitchcock
Joe MontanaBarack ObamaMichael JacksonWhoopi Goldberg
Tiger WoodsAbraham LincolnLady GagaSteven Spielberg
Serena WilliamsGeorge WashingtonMadonnaMarilyn Monroe
Stephen CurryMartin Luther King Jr.RihannaAudrey Hepburn


SportsHistory and leadersMusicFilm TV show
Sun Yang Vladimir Putin Teresa Teng Bruce Lee He Jiong
David BeckhamBarack ObamaElvis PresleyBrad Pitt Kangxi Lai Le
Michael JordanNelson MandelaMichael JacksonNicole Kidman Zhou Libo
RonaldoBill ClintonLady GagaAngelina Jolie Fan Bingbing
Kobe BryantWinston Churchill MadonnaMarilyn Monroe Nicky Wu
Liu Xiang Kylie MinogueAudrey Hepburn Sun Li
Yao Ming Wu Yifan Donnie Yen Hu Ge
S.H.E Jackie Chan Yang Yang
Andy Lau Yao Chen William Chan
Nicholas Tse Chen Kun Lee Minho
Joker Xue Zhang Yixing

Hong Kong

Sports History and Leaders Music Film
David Beckham Mao Zedong Elvis Presley Nicole Kidman
Yao Ming Deng Xiaoping Madonna Brad Pitt
Tiger Woods Queen Elizabeth II Beyonce Angelina Jolie
Ronaldinho Diana, Princess of Wales Britney Spears Sir Alfred Hitchcock
Rudy Hartono Sukarno Lady Gaga Johnny Depp
Maria Sharapova Joko Widodo Anita Mui Jackie Chan
William Shakespeare Anggun Bruce Lee
Mahatma Gandhi Lang Lang Michelle Yeoh
Jiang Zemin Siwon Choi Amitabh Bachchan
Pablo Picasso Nichkhun Donnie Yen
Saddam Hussein Jay Chou Andy Lau
Adolf Hitler One Direction Jacky Cheung
Narendra Modi Michael Jackson Leslie Cheung
The Beatles Leon Lai
Jackson Wang Audrey Hepburn
Kim Soo-hyun
Zhang Yixing Bae Yong-joon
Hugh Jackman (as Wolverine)
Pia Wurtzbach


A-list Music Marvel Fashion Sport World Leaders DJ's Film
George Clooney Taylor Swift Loki Justin Bieber Rafael van der Vaart Barack Obama Martin Garrix E.T.
Zayn Malik Ariana Grande Thor Doutzen Kroes Rafael Nadal Angela Merkel Afrojack Marilyn Monroe
Ryan Gosling Adele Hulk Kate Moss Dalai Lama Daniel Craig
Angelina Jolie Lady Gaga Captain America
Johnny Depp Dua Lipa Iron Man


World War II Party & Hollywood Sport Film Politicians & Visionaries Arts & Culture Music History
Oskar Schindler Angelina Jolie Renate Götschl Julie Andrews Dalai Lama Gottfried Helnwein Cro Marie Antoinette
Winston Churchill Taylor Swift David Alaba Daniel Craig Queen Elizabeth II Friedensreich Hundertwasser Conchita Wurst Napoleon
Leopold Figl Benedict Cumberbatch Hermann Maier Alfred Hitchcock Barack Obama Ludwig Van Beethoven Udo Jürgens Maria Theresia
Karl Renner Morgan Freeman Herbert Prohaska Sandra Bullock Angela Merkel Gustav Klimt Michael Jackson Anne Frank
Kate Winslet Peter Alexander Luciano Pavarotti Katy Perry
Will Smith Audrey Hepburn Sigmund Freud Hansi Hinterseer
Lady Gaga Romy Schneider Elvis Presley
Johnny Depp
Leonardo DiCaprio
Quentin Tarantino


Bollywood Justice League Film & TV History & World Leaders Marvel Music Party Sports Fashion
Shah Rukh Khan Superman Mel Gibson Dalai Lama Wolverine Lady Gaga Barack Obama Layne Beachley Miranda Kerr
Priyanka Chopra Jonas Aquaman Steve Irwin Mahatma Gandhi Spider-Man Pink Chris Hemsworth and Liam Hemsworth Tim Cahill Megan Gale
Wonder Woman Marilyn Monroe Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge and Prince William Iron Man Adele Rebel Wilson Sally Pearson Elle Macpherson
Batman Curtis Stone Bob Hawke Taylor Swift Nicole Kidman Cathy Freeman
The Flash E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial Ned Kelly John Farnham Ryan Gosling Greg Inglis
Olivia Newton-John John Howard Kylie Minogue Johnny Depp Mark Webber
Jackie Chan Arthur Phillip Justin Bieber Rove McManus Don Bradman
Audrey Hepburn James Cook Keith Urban Dannii Minogue
Banjo Patterson Katy Perry Angelina Jolie
Charles Kingsford Smith Jimmy Barnes Cate Blanchett
Julia Gillard Michael Hutchence Delta Goodrem
Hu Jintao Ricky Martin Leonardo DiCaprio
Eddie Mabo Rihanna
Nelson Mandela Michael Jackson
Albert Einstein
Queen Elizabeth II
Madame Marie Tussaud
Mary McKillop


MusicCinemaSportScience and CultureVIP PartyHistory and Leaders
MadonnaMarilyn MonroeArda TuranMarie TussaudAngelina JolieMehmed the Conqueror
BeyoncéAudrey HepburnMaria SharapovaAlbert EinsteinBrad PittMimar Sinan
MFÖJennifer LawrenceRafael NadalLeonardo da VinciJohnny DeppMustafa Kemal Atatürk
Lady GagaSteven SpielbergLionel MessiWolfgang Amadeus MozartJulia RobertsTansu Çiller
Demi LovatoTom CruiseHedo TürkoğluSabiha GökçenLeonardo DiCaprio
Bob MarleyTarık AkanSteve JobsBeren Saat
Zeki MürenJackie ChanYaşar KemalKıvanç Tatlıtuğ
Müslüm GürsesSpider-ManTolga Çevik
Murat BozKerem Bürsin

See also


  1. The family themselves pronounce it /ˈts/.


  1. Wells, John C. (2009). "Tussaud's". Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. London: Pearson Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  2. Rothstein, Edward (24 August 2007). "Ripley's Believe It or Not – Madame Tussauds". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 May 2010. Madame Tussaud (who gave the attraction its now-jettisoned apostrophe) ...
  3. Times Online Style Guide – M: "Madame Tussauds (no longer an apostrophe)."
  4. "The Baker Street Bazaar". 26 May 2012.
  5. Du Plessis, Amelia. "England—Madame Tussauds]". Informational site about England. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  6. "Marie Tussaud Facts, information, pictures | articles about Marie Tussaud". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  7. Pilbeam (2006) pp. 102–106
  8. Pilbeam (2006) pp. 100–104
  9. "The History of Madame Tussauds". Madame
  10. Berridge, Kate...But now British actress Emma Watson is already to set and appear here... (2006). Madame Tussaud: A life in wax. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-052847-8.
  11. Pilbeam, ibid. pp. 166, 168–9.
  12. Pilbeam, ibid. p. 170.
  13. Pamela Pilbeam Madame Tussaud: And the History of Waxworks. P.199.
  14. "Madame Tussauds' to open shop in Delhi – Times of India".
  15. Cho, David (6 March 2007). "Blackstone Buys Madame Tussauds Chain". The Washington Post.
  16. "Merlin conjures up leaseback deal". The Daily Telegraph. 17 July 2007.
  17. "Tussauds firm bought in £1bn deal". BBC News. 5 March 2007.
  18. "Alton Towers sold in £622m deal". BBC News. 17 July 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  19. "Adolf Hitler returns to Berlin museum after beheading". 14 September 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2008.
  20. Pilbeam, ibid. p. 199.
  21. "Madame Tussauds to repair beheaded Hitler". Associated Press. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  22. Carrel, Paul (5 July 2008). "Man rips head from Hitler wax figure". Reuters.
  23. Gur-Arieh, Noga (6 January 2015). "Madame Tussauds Museum in London Removed Hitler Figure". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
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  25. "Madame Tussauds debuts in Delhi". BBC News. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  26. "Madame Tussauds Delhi to officially open for public on December 1". The Indian Express. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  27. "Take a sneak peek into India's first Madame Tussauds in Delhi – Wax figure of PM Narendra Modi". The Economic Times.
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  31. "Madame Tussauds Wuhan" (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  32. "Madame Tussauds Hong Kong" (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  34. "Madame Tussauds Tokyo" (in Japanese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  35. "Madame Tussauds Singapore". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  37. "Madame Tussauds Amsterdam" (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  39. "Madame Tussauds Blackpool". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  40. "Madame Tussauds Istanbul" (in Turkish). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  41. "Madame Tussauds London". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  42. "Madame Tussauds Prague" (in Czech). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  44. "Madame Tussauds Holywood". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  45. "Madame Tussauds Las Vegas". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  46. "Madame Tussauds Nashville". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  47. "Madame Tussauds New York". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  50. "Madame Tussauds Washington D.C." Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  52. The Weather Channel (30 December 2009). "Al makes people jump out of their skin" via YouTube.
  53. Ozzy Osbourne scares people at Madame Tussauds. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  54. It's really them! One Direction prank four delighted fans by pretending to be wax work models for Surprise Surprise, Daily Mail
  55. "Carmelo Anthony Takes The Time To Prank Visitors at Madame Tussaud's " – All Ball Blog with Lang Whitaker". National Basketball Association.
  56. Pincus, Eric. "Jeremy Lin pranks at Madame Tussauds, pretends to be wax likeness". Los Angeles Times.
  57. "Entertain This! – Daily hits and misses in pop culture". USA Today.
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  59. "Cloning Around With Steve Taylor". Todays Christian Music. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
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  62. "EXO's Lay Meets His Wax Figure at Madame Tussauds in Beijing".
  63. "List of Wax Figures".
  64. "Wax Likeness of Supermodel Liu Wen Debuts at Madame Tussauds in Beijing".
  65. "北京杜莎夫人蜡像馆".
  66. 3 Michael Jackson wax figures unveiled in Beijing -
  67. "Madame Tussauds Blackpool". Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  68. "Madame Tussauds New York – Celebrity Wax Attraction in Times Square".
  69. Graphico. "Famous Wax Figures and icons – Madame Tussauds New York".
  70. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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