The Macedonian language has one of the more elaborate kinship (сродство, роднинство) systems among European languages. Most words are common to other Slavic languages, though some derive from Turkish. Terminology may differ from place to place; the terms used in the Standard are listed below, dialectical or regional forms are marked [Dial.] and colloquial forms [Coll.].
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There are four main types of kinship in the family: biological AKA blood kinship, kinship by law (in-laws), spiritual kinship (such as godparents), and legal kinship through adoption and remarriage. Traditionally, three generations of a family will live together in a home in what anthropologists call a joint family structure (reminiscent of the historical zadruga units), where parents, their son(s), and grandchildren would cohabit in a family home.
Direct descendance and ancestry
Words for relations up to five generations removed—great-great-grandparents and great-great-grandchildren—are in common use. The fourth-generation terms are also used as generics for ancestors and descendants. There is no distinction between the maternal and paternal line.
Macedonian does not have separate terms for first cousins, second cousins and so forth, but uses втор братучед (lit. "second cousin"), трет братучед (lit. "third cousin"), etc.
|братучед, брачед[Dial., Coll.]||bratučed, bračed||male cousin|
|братучетка, братучеда, брачетка[Dial., Coll.], брачеда[Dial., Coll.]||bratučetka, bratučeda, bračetka, bračeda||female cousin|
|пасинок, пoсинок, пасторок||pasinok, posinok, pastorok||stepson|
|Macedonian Cyrillic||Transliteration||Relation||English translation|
|тест, дедо||test, dedo||wife's father||father-in-law|
|тешта, баба||tešta, baba||wife's mother||mother-in-law|
|зет||zet||daughter's or sister's husband||son-in-law or brother-in-law|
|снаа||snaa||son's or brother's wife||daughter-in-law or sister-in-law|
|шурнајка||šurnajka||wife's brother's wife||sister-in-law|
|свеска, балдаза||sveska, baldaza||wife's sister||sister-in-law|
|баџанак||bad̂anak||wife's sister's husband||co-brother-in-law|
|јатрва||jatrva||husband's brother's wife||co-sister-in-law|
|сват||svat||child's spouse's father||co-father-in-law|
|сваќа||svaḱa||child's spouse's mother||co-mother-in-law|