Macedonian Sign Language

The Macedonian sign language (Macedonian: македонски знаковен јазик, romanized: makedonski znakoven jazik or македонски гестовен јазик makedonski gestoven jazik) is the sign language of the deaf community in North Macedonia.[2] As all sign languages, the Macedonian sign language is also based on gestures and body movements, particularly movements with the hands. The precise number of signers in North Macedonia is not known, but 6,000 people request signed news on Macedonian television.[1] The learning and the usage of the language, as well as the rights of the deaf community in North Macedonia are regulated by a national law.[3]

Macedonian Sign Language
Македонски знаковен јазик
Native toRepublic of North Macedonia
Native speakers

6,000 have requested signed news on television[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)


The alphabet is made of 31 signs, which is equal to the 31 sounds of the Macedonian language. Each letter has its own sign. There are two types of the alphabet; the alphabet expressed with one hand and alphabet expressed with two hands.[4]


The Macedonian Sign language is regulated by a national law on 21 August 2009. The Macedonian law defines it as following:

The Sign language, according to this law, is recognised as a natural way of communication, equal to the oral communication. The Sign language is a language that is used for mutual understanding between the people with hearing impairment, i.e. it is a natural means of communication among these and other physical and juridical people. The language is a visual system of signs, that understands special positions, directions and movements of hands and fingers and mimicry on the face.[5]

However, the law includes several things, such as: defining the language itself, the rights of the deaf people of North Macedonia, studying the language and preparing adequate interpreters, it defines the tasks of the National Association of Deaf People of North Macedonia and its financing and it secures proper implementation of the right of the deaf people. Basically, each individual is allowed to request a Sign language interpreter and the institution where such request has been made, or the individual itself, is obliged to find one.


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.