Mabalacat, officially the City of Mabalacat, (Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Mabalacat; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Mabalacat), or simply referred to as Mabalacat City, is a 3rd class city in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 250,799 people.[3]

City of Mabalacat
From top, left to right: Welcome Arch, Montessori de Xevera, Sanctuario de San Angelo, Dau Bus Terminal, City Hall

Map of Pampanga with Mabalacat highlighted
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°13′N 120°35′E
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
District1st District
CityhoodJuly 21, 2012
Barangays27 (see Barangays)
  TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
  MayorCrisostomo C. Garbo
  Vice MayorGerald Guttrie P. Aquino
  CongressmanCarmelo B. Lazatin II
  Electorate115,710 voters (2019)
  Total83.18 km2 (32.12 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
  Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63(0)45
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class3rd city income class
Revenue (₱)1,117,424,108.70 (2016)
Native languagesKapampangan
Mag-antsi language

The former municipality was officially converted into a city following a referendum on July 21, 2012 and became the third in Pampanga after Angeles City and San Fernando.

The city's name is derived from indigenous Negrito word mabalacat meaning "forest of balacats".

Mabalacat has a land area of 83.18 square kilometres (32.12 sq mi). Roughly majority of the Clark Freeport Zone is located in Mabalacat, the rest in nearby Angeles City, where the main gate is located. The Clark International Airport, as well as the numerous hotels, casinos, golf courses, and resorts in Clark Freeport, are mostly situated in Mabalacat City.[4]

The soil is charcoal black and shiny, a sign of fertility, and is suitable for growing rice, sugarcane and other rootcrops. Like the neighbouring cities of Angeles and San Fernando and the towns/municipalities of Porac, Bacolor, Santa Rita, Mexico, Magalang and Arayat, this city rarely gets inundated by floods from heavy rains and typhoons because it is situated on an elevated, well-drained part of the Central Luzon plains known as the "Upper Pampanga".

Mabalacat is 93 kilometres (58 mi) from Manila, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Angeles, and 27 kilometres (17 mi) from the provincial capital, San Fernando.


Mabalacat is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Atlu-Bola (PB: Kap. Benjamin Pangan)
  • Bical (PB: Kap. Rolando Liwanang
  • Bundagul (PB: Kap. Manny Tolentino)
  • Cacutud (PB: Kap. Arnold Reyes)
  • Calumpang (PB: Kap. Armando Yalung)
  • Camachiles (PB: Kap. Edgar Garcia)
  • Madapdap (PB: Kap. Javier Taruc)
  • Dau (PB: Kap. Derrick Llanos Dee)
  • Dolores (PB: Kap. Jerry Tanglao)
  • Duquit (PB: Kap. Marjorie Grace Sambo)
  • Lakandula (PB: Kap. Fernando De Guzman)
  • Mabiga (PB: Kap. Elmer Calaguas)
  • Macapagal Village (PB: Kap. Lamberto Dizon)
  • Mamatitang (PB: Kap. Jayson Viray)
  • Mangalit (PB: Kap. Fernando Maglalang)
  • Marcos Village (PB: Kap. Archiebon Estanislao)
  • Mawaque (Mauaque) (PB: Kap. Noel Dimarucut)
  • Paralayunan (PB: Kap. Rey Pineda)
  • Poblacion (PB: Kap. Elmer Mendiola)
  • San Francisco (PB: Kap. Robert Layson)
  • San Joaquin (PB: Kap. Davidson David)
  • Santa Ines (PB: Kap. Noel Sicat)
  • Santa Maria (PB: Kap. Enrico Espino)
  • Santo Rosario (PB: Kap. Jomer Ong)
  • Sapang Balen (PB: Kap. Gener Lagman)
  • Sapang Biabas (PB: Kap. Soraida Cabuang)
  • Tabun (PB: Kap. Danilo De Leon)

The largest barangay is Dau, which became a barrio in 1936 by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 1. It is now a business center whose commercial output runs parallel to that of downtown. A former terminus of the North Luzon Expressway, it is the most urban and most populous area in Mabalacat, home to roughly 23% of the city's population.

San Francisco, the second largest barangay, along with San Joaquin, Santa Ines, Poblacion, Calumpang and other barangays are categorized as urban in view of their proximity to the city proper. Sapang Balen, with a population of 166 persons, is the smallest barangay.


Prior to 1712, Mabalacat was a barrio (barangay) of Bambang, now Bamban, Tarlac. It became a town in 1792, and was named after the abundant Balacat tree (Ziziphus talanai), a fourth class timber tree with bark that possess antimicrobial properties. Once a settlement of an Aeta tribe, the area was a virtual forest of balacat trees. "Ma-balacat" in the native Kapampangan language means "full of Balacats." Mabalacat in Maranao is "Mababaapalaqat" (Palacat), which means "maiksing hagdan" in Tagalog.

In 1853 Mabalacat had a population of 2,611 and four barangays, namely, Babangdapu, Duquit, Malabni, and Paglimbunan. By 1903 its population increased to 7,049 in 19 barangays. These were Bical, Bundagul, Dapdap, Dau, Dolores, Iba, Mabiga, Mamatitang, Mangalit, Matas, Mawaque, Paralayunan, Poblacion, Quitangil (later renamed to San Francisco), San Joaquin, Santa Ines, Santa Maria, Sapang Balen, and Sapang Biabas. In 1948, Mabalacat's barangays increased to 20 with the addition of Fort Stotsenburg.

In 1860 a military command was established by authorities of the Spanish Governor-General due to the lawlessness and depredations perpetrated by the negritos (Aetas, or derogatorily called balugas). The Pampanga towns of Bamban, Capas, Concepcion, Victoria, Tarlac, Magalang, Porac, and Floridablanca and Mabalacat were created into what was called a Commandancia Militar. However, in 1873 the Military Command returned Mabalacat together with the towns of Magalang, Floridablanca, and Porac to the parent province, Pampanga.


Population census of Mabalacat
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 7,049    
1918 9,378+1.92%
1939 20,560+3.81%
1948 25,281+2.32%
1960 31,752+1.92%
1970 55,897+5.81%
1975 69,874+4.58%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 80,966+2.99%
1990 121,115+4.11%
1995 129,990+1.33%
2000 171,045+6.06%
2007 203,307+2.41%
2010 215,610+2.16%
2015 250,799+2.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]


Climate data for Mabalacat (Clark International Airport) 1997–2010, extremes 1997–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.5
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.3
Average low °C (°F) 20.5
Record low °C (°F) 15.8
Average rainfall mm (inches) 17.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3 3 4 7 15 18 22 24 21 12 8 6 143
Average relative humidity (%) 70 68 66 65 73 80 84 86 85 78 75 72 75
Source: PAGASA[8][9]


Mabalacat has an average annual income of ₱504,149,053.16 as of 2011 derived mostly from municipal license fees, land tax, Internal Revenue allotment, roads and bridges fund. In 1997, there were 2,447 business establishments registered in the Mabalacat City, consisting of 79 manufacturers mostly involved in sash factory, iron works, ceramics, bakery and 1,806 trading companies. The financial needs are served by eleven banks, mostly concentrated in Dau.

Public utilities include the Mabalacat Water System, Pampanga Electric Corporation II (PELCO II), three telephone companies namely, Datelcom Corporation (DATELCOM), Smart Communications (SMART) and Digital Telecommunications Philippines, Incorporated (DIGITEL) and one cable television network (PRO-SAT) which runs solely for Mabalacat.

The city is also a major transportation hub; a number of major road networks including the North Luzon Expressway, Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway, and MacArthur Highway cut across the region. At the southern part of the city is the Dau Bus Terminal, which caters to passengers bound for Metro Manila and provinces in Northern Luzon such as Tarlac, Pangasinan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Ecija, La Union, Bataan, and Zambales.

City Fiesta

Legend tells us that when the early settlers were clearing the forests, Cabezang Laureana’s workers found, hidden among the bushes, a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary with baby Jesus sitting on her lap. On February 2, the statue was presented by Caragan as a gift to Padre Maximo Manuguid, the priest of the early Mabalacat Church that was made of sawali and cogon grass. From then on, the city fiesta was observed on the second of February.


The pastorella (Misa de Pastores in honor of the shepherds at the birth of Jesus Christ - a set of Latin hymns of the 9-day Christmas Masses) ceased in Pampanga towns for 40 years after Vatican II.

In Mabalacat, however, at Our Lady of Divine Grace Parish, pastorella lives on: In the 4:30 a.m. mass on Monday, the pastorella repertoire includes the Kyrie (Lord, Have Mercy), Gloria (Glory to God in the Highest), Credo (Nicene Creed), Sanctus (Holy) and Agnus Dei (Lamb of God). The hymns are in Latin, except for Kyrie, which is in Greek."[10]


There are 31 educational institutions in Mabalacat: one state college, one private college, one technical training school, two secondary public, two private high schools and 25 public elementary schools divided into two districts, Mabalacat North and Mabalacat South. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) accredited institutions offering vocational-technical skills abound in the area.

Private schools

Private schools in Mabalacat listed with the Department of Education are Livingstone International School, Athena's Cradle Center, Inc., Brightstone Learning Center, Children of Fatima School, Inc., Christian Vision Academy Madapdap, Dee Hwa Liong College Foundation, Don Bosco Academy Pampanga (originally from Bacolor; moved to Mabalacat after lahar struck the old campus), Don Teodoro V. Santos Institute, Doña Asuncion Lee Integrated School, Great Shepherd Christian Academy, Immanuel Montessori School, Inc., Clark College of Science and Technology, Jose C. Feliciano College, Mabalacat Christian Academy, Mary Help of Christians School, Inc., Montessori School of St. Nicholas, Nehemiah Christian School, Inc., School of the Infant Jesus the Empowered Zone for Excellence in Education, Inc. Dau, Shield of Victory Christian School, St. Anthony College of Technology, St. Mutien College, and Divine Grace Academy, FDSA Aviation College of Science and Technology Inc.

Listed with and accredited by TESDA is the Asian Institute of Computer Studies (AICS), a private technical school offering I.T. courses.


Mabalacat City Government is composed of a Mayor as a Chief Executive and Sangguniang Panlungsod headed by the City Vice Mayor and 10 Sangguniang Panlungsod members with 3 ex-officios

MAYOR Crisostomo "Cris" C. Garbo

VICE-MAYOR Atty. Gerald Guttrie "Geld" P. Aquino


1. Krizzanel "Win-Win" Garbo

2. Marcos "Jun" Castro Jr.

3. Liza Pineda

4. Niño Reynan "RS" Delos Reyes

5. Dr. Victor "Cocoy" D. Tiglao II

6. Jerry Magsino

7. Noelito "Noel" B. Castro

8. Dwight Oliver Morales

9. Timothy Paul "Timmy" Llanos Dee

10. Francis Carlo "Carl" Dizon

11. Marjorie Grace Morales-Sambo (ABC President)

12. Hans Christian G. Balingit (SK Federation President)

13. Ruvielane Margarito (Indigenous People Representative)

The story of the Motto

Since the Inauguration of Mayor Cris Garbo's first term, he added the name Bayung to Mabalacat making it Bayung Mabalacat or New Mabalacat. Mayor Garbo took the Mayoralty of Mabalacat after the former Mayor Marino "Boking" P. Morales' Certificate of Candidacy cancelled due to the petition filed by Ms. Pyra Lucas who was one of the opponent of Mayor Garbo and FMayor Morales during the 2016 elections. FMayor Morales served as the City Mayor for 22 consisting years giving him the longest serving Mayor, not only in Pampanga but in the whole country. On July 17, 2017, Mayor Garbo officially take the Office of the City Mayor. In less than a month, Mayor Garbo started to give Medical services for Indigent Mabalaqueños. He also give scholarship programs and Funeral service program. The LGU also released emergency vehicles such as ambulance for every barangay and Police Mobil for Peace and Security. Mayor Garbo also hired new Job orders who will maintain the cleanliness of all the Barangay.

On July 2018, a year after he ascended into his office, the Local Government Unit released the official theme of Bayung Mabalacat wrote by Alex Castro, tune of Leo Calma, arranged by Joshue David and sung by John Iric Inrico.


  1. "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. "Clark International Airport Pampanga Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  9. "Clark International Airport Pampanga Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  10., Latin hymns sung in masses in Pampanga Archived 2009-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
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