Maad a Sinig

Maad a Sinig (variations : Mad a Sinig, 'Maad Sine, Maat Sine, Bour Sine, Bur Sine, etc.) means king of Sine. The ancient Kingdom of Sine, now part of Senegal, was a pre-colonial Serer kingdom . Their kings were titled Maad or Maad (also spelled Mad or Maat). The royal title Maad is sometimes used interchangeably with their ancient kings and landowners - the Lamanes.[1][2][3][4][5] Between 1350 and 1969 (the Guelowar period - the last maternal dynasty in Serer country), more than fifty Serer kings have been crowned Maad a Sinig.

Serer royal and religious titles
Royal titles
Lamane (also religious)
Maad a Sinig
Maad Saloum
Line of succession
Religious titles

Kings of Sine titled Maad a Sinig


  1. Oliver, Roland, Fage, John Donnelly & Sanderson, G. N. The Cambridge History of Africa, Cambridge University Press, 1985, p. 214 ISBN 0521228034
  2. Faal, Dawda, Peoples and empires of Senegambia: Senegambia in history, AD 1000-1900, Saul's Modern Printshop, 1991, p. 17
  3. Ajayi, F. Ade & Crowder, Michael. History of West Africa, Volume 1. Longman, 1985, p. 468 ISBN 0582646839
  4. Galvan, Dennis C., The State Must be Our Master of Fire, University of California Press, 2004, p. 270 ISBN 9780520235915
  5. Diouf, Marcel Mahawa, Lances mâles : Léopold Sédar Senghor et les traditions Sérères, Centre d'études linguistiques et historiques par tradition orale, Niamey, 1996, p. 54
  6. Fata Ndiaye, « La saga du peuple sérère et l'Histoire du Sine », in Éthiopiques (revue), numéro 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991
  7. Diouf, Chronique du royaume du Sine, loc. cit., p. 712-733
  8. Klein, Martin A., Islam and Imperialism in Senegal. Sine-Saloum, 1847-1914, Edinburgh University Press, 1968, p. XV
  9. Sheridan, Michael J. et Nyamweru, Celia, African sacred groves: ecological dynamics & social change, James Currey, 2008, p. 141 ISBN 0821417894
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