MS Costa Allegra
Costa Allegra, formerly Annie Johnson, was a cruise ship owned by the Italy-based Costa Cruises, one of many subsidiaries owned by Costa's parent company Carnival Corporation. She was built in 1969 by the Wärtsilä Turku Shipyard in Turku, Finland, as a container ship for the Johnson Line services of Sweden-based Rederi AB Nordstjernan. In 1986 she was sold to Regency Cruises with the intention of being converted into a cruise ship as Regent Moon, but she was laid up instead. In 1988 she was sold to Compania Naviera Panalexandra and renamed Alexandra but continued laid up. In 1990, the ship was acquired by Costa Cruises and rebuilt into a cruise ship at the T. Mariotti shipyard in Genoa, Italy. She entered service as Costa Allegra in 1992.
Costa Allegra in Split, Croatia, 27 October 2011
|Port of registry:|
|Launched:||29 April 1969|
|Acquired:||4 December 1969|
|Out of service:||27 February 2012|
|Fate:||Scrapped in 2012|
|General characteristics (as built)|
|Length:||174.20 m (571.5 ft)|
|Beam:||25.75 m (84.5 ft)|
|Draught:||10.39 m (34.1 ft)|
|Propulsion:||Two controllable pitch propellers|
|Speed:||23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph)|
|General characteristics (1992)|
|Length:||187.69 m (615.8 ft)|
|Beam:||25.75 m (84.5 ft)|
|Draught:||8.20 m (26.9 ft)|
|Decks:||8 (passenger accessible)|
|Speed:||19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)|
Costa Allegra suffered a generator fire while off the coast of Africa approximately 200 miles southwest of the Seychelles on 27 February 2012 and was taken into tow toward the island of Mahé in the Seychelles Islands the following day, a journey of several days. She was later renamed Santa Cruise and sold for breaking in Aliaga, Turkey. Prior to beaching at the scrapyard, her yellow funnel, a trademark of Costa Crociere, was painted white.
Annie Johnson was the second in a series of five container ships built by the Wärtsilä Turku Shipyard in Finland for the Swedish shipping company Rederi AB Nordstjernan. She was launched on 29 April 1969 and delivered to her owners on 4 December of the same year, entering service on the same date.
From 1969 until 1986, Annie Johnson was used as in cargo services by Rederi AB Nordstjernan. On 8 August 1986 the ship was sold to the Greece-based Regency Cruises with the intention of being rebuilt as a cruise ship. With this aim in mind, she was renamed Regent Moon. Her sister ship MS Axel Johnson was sold to Regency Cruises at the same time, renamed Regent Sun, also with the intention of being converted into a cruise ship. These plans were never realised, and Regent Moon was laid up in Perama, Greece. In May 1988 Regent Moon was sold to Compania Naviera Panalexandra and renamed Alexandra, but continued laid up until 1990 when she was sold to Costa Crociere.
Costa Crociere acquired Regent Sun which was renamed Italia in the interim, in 1988 and had her conversion into a cruise ship realised, with the ship being delivered in July 1990 as Costa Marina. Following this Costa Crociere acquired Alexandra on 28 August 1990 for conversion into a cruise ship at the T. Mariotti shipyard in Genoa, Italy, the same shipyard that had rebuilt Costa Marina. Work on Alexandra commenced on 4 September 1990. She received an entirely new superstructure in the same style as that of Costa Marina, as well as new engines. However, unlike Costa Marina, Alexandra was also lengthened by 13.4 metres (44 ft 0 in) when rebuilt. Although originally planned to be renamed Costa Azzurra, the ship was eventually named Costa Allegra and delivered to Costa Cruises on 16 November 1992.
Costa Allegra entered service with Costa Crociere on 23 November 1992 with a cruise from Genoa to St. Thomas in the Caribbean. During the early years of her service with Costa she sailed in the Mediterranean during the northern hemisphere summer season, relocating to the Caribbean for the winter. In 2006 the ship was relocated for cruising out of China. At the same time her interiors were refurbished to better suit the Asian cruise market. Her ports of departure in Asia were Singapore and Hong Kong. Countries visited included China, South Korea, Japan, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia.
In 2010, the ship was relocated back to Europe, and her Asian itineraries were replaced by Costa Classica and Costa Romantica. In an agreement with TMR of Marseilles, Costa Cruises, who had owned the Paquet Cruises brand since 1996, used Costa Allegra, marketed in France under the name Allegra and the Paquet Cruises brand, for four spring cruises and seven cruises in autumn of 2010. For these cruises, Costa Allegra featured a French master, cruise director, maitres ‘d, receptionists and two French chefs, one of whom, Jean Abauzit, served on board the renowned Mermoz, retired a decade earlier.
During the morning of 27 February 2012, a fire broke out in the generator room. The fire was extinguished by the on-board fire-suppression system and there were no injuries, but the ship was left without power and adrift about 200 miles southwest of the Seychelles. She was towed by the French tuna-fishing vessel Trevignon, from the Compagnie Française du Thon Océanique (CFTO) based in Concarneau, to Mahé in the Seychelles for repair and evacuation of the passengers. 1049 people, 636 passengers and 413 crew members of various nationalities were on board. Costa Cruises announced Costa Voyager would assume Costa Allegra's planned voyages from 18 March to 1 July. Following on 9 March 2012, it was announced that the Costa Allegra would not return to service with Costa and given to Themis Maritime Ltd ship company as Santa Cruise for scrapping at Aliaga, Turkey. Her story was a part of a feature on the scrapping operations of Aliaga in the January/February issue of Cruise Travel Magazine.
The eight decks on Costa Allegra were named after famous impressionist painters. A three deck high glass atrium was the centre of the ship. Works of art could be found throughout the ship.
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- Ward, Douglas (2008). Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships. Singapore: Berlitz. pp. 306–307. ISBN 978-981-268-240-6.
- Miller, William H. Jr. (1995). The Pictorial Encycpedia of Ocean Liners, 1860-1994. Mineola: Dover Publications. p. 5. ISBN 0-486-28137-X.
- Ex-Costa Allegra to be Scrapped in Turkey. Cruise Industry News, 26 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
- SANTA CRUISE (ex-Costa Concordia). ShipSpotting.com. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Axel Johnson (1969)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- de Boer, Bart (29 May 2005). "Costa Allegra - Duckling or Swan?". ShipParade. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- Mark Tre’ (18 May 2010). "The Return of Paquet Cruises". The Cruise People, Ltd. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Staff writers (27 February 2012). "Adrift off Seychelles, Costa Allegra waits for supplies, tug boats". USA Today. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Staff writers (27 February 2012). "Stricken Costa cruise ship off Seychelles changes route". BBC News. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- The Associated Press (27 February 2012). "Fire aboard Costa liner leaves cruise ship adrift". CBS News. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- "Seychelles : le Costa Allegra remorqué par un thonier français vers Mahé". Le Parisien. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- N. A.; B. P.; Agence France Presse (28 February 2012). "Costa Allegra. Un thonier de Concarneau remorque le paquebot en détresse". Le Télégramme. Retrieved 29 February 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Stricken cruise liner Costa Allegra won't reach dry land for two days following engine room blaze". The Daily Record. 28 February 2012. Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Staff writers (28 February 2012). "Stricken Costa Allegra being towed to safety through pirate zone". msnbc. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Admin (6 March 2012). "Costa Voyager to Replace Costa Allegra on Planned Itineraries". CruiseRadio. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
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