M1752 Musket

The Spanish M1752 Musket was a muzzle-loading firearm invented in 1752 and used by the Spanish Army from then until it was widely replaced by the much more effective Minié rifles during the mid-19th century. The M1752 was the first standardized long gun utilized by the Spanish Army and was deployed in the Spanish American Colonies, where it saw action during the British invasion of Cuba. Spain also provided around 10,000 up to 12,000 muskets to the American rebels during their struggle against the British.[2][3]

M1752 musket
TypeMusket
Place of originKingdom of Spain
Service history
In serviceSpanish army 1752–1850s
Used bySpanish Empire, various indigenous peoples of the Americas, United States of America, Ottoman Empire, Portuguese Empire, Italian states
WarsIndian Wars, Maroon Wars, Anglo-Spanish War (Seven Years' War), American Revolutionary war, Spanish-Portuguese War, Haitian Revolution, French Revolutionary Wars, War of the Pyrenees, Anglo-Spanish War, Napoleonic Wars, War of the Oranges, Saint-Domingue expedition, War of the Third Coalition, British invasions of the River Plate, Invasion of Portugal, Peninsular War, Bolivian War of Independence, Mexican War of Independence, Argentine War of Independence, Chilean War of Independence, Venezuelan War of Independence, War of the Sixth Coalition, War of the Seventh Coalition, Spanish reconquest of New Granada, Ecuadorian War of Independence, Spanish reconquest attempts in Mexico, French invasion of Spain, Portuguese Civil War, First Carlist War, Mexican–American War, Second Carlist War, Cochinchina Campaign, Hispano-Moroccan War, Dominican Restoration War, Chincha Islands War, Ten Years' War
Production history
Designer?
Designed1752
ManufacturerState Arsenals—Spain
Unit cost?
Produced1752–19th century
No. built> unknown
VariantsModel 1752, Model 1755, Model 1757
Specifications
Mass10.80 lb (4.90 kg)
Length57.09 in (1,450 mm)
Barrel length43.31 in (1,100 mm)
Width?
Height?
Diameter?
Crew1

CartridgePaper cartridge, musket ball undersized to reduce the effects of powder fouling
Calibre.69 (17.526 mm)[1]
BarrelsSmoothbore
ActionFlintlock; single-shot
Rate of fireUser dependent; usually 2 to 3 rounds every one minute, an expert 4
Muzzle velocity?
Effective firing rangeAround 47 yards
Maximum firing range?
Feed systemMuzzle-loaded
SightsNone

Proving typically conventional for the period, the weapon maintained a long service life under the Spanish crown and was deployed to its various frontline forces across the various Spanish holdings. The Model 1752 was in widespread circulation up until the middle of the 1850s by which time more and more fighting forces were adopting more modern Minié ball-long guns (categorized as "rifled muskets").

The M1752 saw some later modifications in 1755 and 1757.

The Model 1752 Musket featured design qualities associated with this period of land-based warfare (in general line infantry)—these were long, heavy guns made primarily with a single-piece wooden stock housing the steel barrel and works of the gun lock. As muzzle-loading weapons, they were loaded down the muzzle end of the gun which necessitated use of a ramrod held in a channel in the stock under the barrel. The stock was affixed to the barrel at multiple points, usually two brass barrel bands and a cap [nose cap] at front and which had a ramrod pipe cast to it. The firing mechanism was of the flintlock method requiring a piece of flint to be seated in a vice and cocked rearwards prior to firing. Additional steps included the loading of black powder in the frizzen (pan) as well as gunpowder down the barrel prior to inserting the rest of the ball ammunition consisting of both projectile(s) and cartridge case and which also doubled as wadding. The wooden stock incorporated a straight grip handle that was slightly angled downwards and extended to become the shoulder support (or shoulder stock) which had a butt plate. The Sighting was through fixtures along the top of the weapon. The trigger was set within an oblong ring (trigger guard) under the action as normal. The lock was unique, known as the "Miquelet lock", which reworked some of the accepted design practices of the flintlock—mainly at the mainspring and hammer (or cock).[4]

Variants

Model 1752

Original series model; pattern of 1752.

Model 1755

Modified pattern of 1755.

Model 1757

Modified pattern of 1757.

See also

References

  1. http://therifleshoppe.com/catalog_pages/spanish_arms/%28622%29.htm
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2013-01-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Troiani, D.; Kochan, J. (2007). Don Troiani's Soldiers of the American Revolution. Stackpole Books. p. 138. ISBN 9780811733236. Retrieved 2015-04-01.
  4. https://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=924
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