A métropole (French for "metropolis") is an administrative entity in France, in which several communes cooperate, and which has the right to levy local tax, an établissement public de coopération intercommunale à fiscalité propre. It is the most integrated form of intercommunality in France, more than the communauté urbaine, the communauté d'agglomération and the Communauté de communes. The métropoles were created by a law of January 2014.[1]

As of July 2019, there are 20 métropoles, and 2 métropoles with special status (all in metropolitan France).[2] The Metropolis of Lyon is a territorial collectivity, not an intercommunality.

List of Metropolis

NameSeatCreationNumber of communesPopulation (2015)[2]
Grand Besançon MétropoleBesançon201968192,816
Bordeaux MétropoleBordeaux201528787,107
Brest MétropoleBrest20158213,462
Clermont Auvergne MétropoleClermont-Ferrand201821293,125
Dijon MétropoleDijon201724251,650
Grenoble-Alpes MétropoleGrenoble201549452,687
Métropole Européenne de LilleLille2015901,155,161
Metz MétropoleMetz201844224,904
Montpellier Méditerranée MétropoleMontpellier201531465,407
Métropole du Grand NancyNancy201620262,162
Nantes MétropoleNantes201524646,513
Métropole Nice Côte d'AzurNice201149544,819
Orléans MétropoleOrléans201722289,233
Rennes MétropoleRennes201543450,639
Métropole Rouen NormandieRouen201571498,822
Saint-Étienne MétropoleSaint-Étienne201853409,382
Eurométropole de StrasbourgStrasbourg201533494,272
Métropole Toulon Provence MéditerranéeToulon201812437,460
Toulouse MétropoleToulouse201537768,494
Tours Métropole Val de LoireTours201722299,177
Metropolis with special status
Grand ParisParis20161317,086,571


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