Anouilh's text is inspired by the myth of Medea. The action is centred on a few characters : Medea, Jason, Creon, and Medea's nurse. The plays ends with Medea's death in the flames, with Jason preventing any help to be given to her.
The myth is updated, with Medea for instance living on a trailer-park. Moreover, Anouilh analyses with more depth male-female relationships