The Lusatian Neisse (Czech: Lužická Nisa; German: Lausitzer Neiße; Polish: Nysa Łużycka; Upper Sorbian: Łužiska Nysa; Lower Sorbian: Łužyska Nysa), or Western Neisse, is a 252-kilometre (157 mi) long river in Central Europe. Its drainage basin area is 4,403 km2 (1,700 sq mi), of which 2,201 km2 (850 sq mi) in Poland. It rises in the Jizera Mountains near Nová Ves nad Nisou, Czech Republic, reaching the tripoint with Poland and Germany at Zittau after 54 kilometres (34 mi), and later forming the Polish-German border for a length of 197 kilometres (122 mi). The Lusatian Neisse is a left-bank tributary of the river Oder, into which it flows between Neißemünde-Ratzdorf and Kosarzyn north of the towns of Guben and Gubin.
Nysa near Skerbersdorf, Krauschwitz municipality
Oder and Neisse rivers
|Country||Czech Republic, Poland, Germany|
|⁃ location||Nová Ves nad Nisou, Liberec Region, Czech Republic|
|⁃ coordinates||50°43′47″N 15°13′44″E|
|⁃ elevation||655 m (2,149 ft)|
|Neißemünde, Brandenburg, Germany|
|32 m (105 ft)|
|Length||252 km (157 mi)|
|Basin size||4,403 km2 (1,700 sq mi)|
|⁃ average||31 m3/s (1,100 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Oder→ Baltic Sea|
According to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement in the aftermath of World War II, the river became part of the Polish western border with Germany (the Oder-Neisse line). Being the longest and most notable of the three rivers named Neisse (Neiße) (German) or Nysa (Polish) (the two other rivers being the Eastern Neisse (Polish: Nysa Kłodzka; German: Glatzer Neisse) and Raging Neisse (Polish: Nysa Szalona; German: Wütende Neiße or Jauersche Neiße)), it is simply referred to as the Neisse.
Since the river runs through the historic region of Lusatia, the adjective "Lusatian" or "Western" before the name of the river Neisse is used whenever differentiating this border river from the Eastern Neisse (Polish: Nysa Kłodzka, German: Glatzer Neisse) and the smaller Raging Neisse (Polish: Nysa Szalona; German: Wütende Neisse or Jauersche Neisse), both in Poland.
Towns and villages
- Jablonec nad Nisou, Czech Republic
- Vratislavice, Czech Republic
- Liberec, Czech Republic
- Chrastava, Czech Republic
- Hrádek nad Nisou, Czech Republic
- Zittau, Germany
- Bogatynia, Poland
- Görlitz, Germany; Zgorzelec, Poland
- Pieńsk, Poland
- Bad Muskau, Germany; Łęknica, Poland
- Forst (Lausitz), Germany
- Guben, Germany; Gubin, Poland
- Tockner, Klement; Uehlinger, Urs and Robinson Christopher T. (2009). Rivers of Europe, Academic Press, London, Burlington and San Diego. ISBN 978-0-12-369449-2.
- Fritsch-Bournazel, Renata (1992). Europe and German Unification, Berg, Oxford and Providence, RI, p. 106. ISBN 0 85496 979 9
- McKenna, Amy (2014). Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, Britannica Guide to Countries of the EU, New York, p. 193. ISBN 978-1-61530-991-7.
- Neisse River at www.britannica.com. Retrieved 4 Feb 2011.
- Transnational Pilot River Basin at http://eagri.cz/public. Retrieved 4 Feb 2011.
- Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland 2017, Statistics Poland, p. 85-86
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lusatian Neisse.|
- Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law Peace Palace Library
- Closed Germany-Poland bridges