Lusatian Neisse

The Lusatian Neisse[1][2][3] (Czech: Lužická Nisa; German: Lausitzer Neiße; Polish: Nysa Łużycka; Upper Sorbian: Łužiska Nysa; Lower Sorbian: Łužyska Nysa), or Western Neisse, is a 252-kilometre (157 mi) long river in Central Europe.[4][5] Its drainage basin area is 4,403 km2 (1,700 sq mi), of which 2,201 km2 (850 sq mi) in Poland.[6] It rises in the Jizera Mountains near Nová Ves nad Nisou, Czech Republic, reaching the tripoint with Poland and Germany at Zittau after 54 kilometres (34 mi), and later forming the Polish-German border for a length of 197 kilometres (122 mi).[6] The Lusatian Neisse is a left-bank tributary of the river Oder, into which it flows between Neißemünde-Ratzdorf and Kosarzyn north of the towns of Guben and Gubin.

Lusatian Neisse
Nysa near Skerbersdorf, Krauschwitz municipality
Oder and Neisse rivers
CountryCzech Republic, Poland, Germany
Physical characteristics
SourceJizera Mountains
  locationNová Ves nad Nisou, Liberec Region, Czech Republic
  coordinates50°43′47″N 15°13′44″E
  elevation655 m (2,149 ft)
Neißemünde, Brandenburg, Germany
52°4′11″N 14°45′20″E
32 m (105 ft)
Length252 km (157 mi)
Basin size4,403 km2 (1,700 sq mi)
  average31 m3/s (1,100 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionOderBaltic Sea

According to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement in the aftermath of World War II, the river became part of the Polish western border with Germany (the Oder-Neisse line). Being the longest and most notable of the three rivers named Neisse (Neiße) (German) or Nysa (Polish) (the two other rivers being the Eastern Neisse (Polish: Nysa Kłodzka; German: Glatzer Neisse) and Raging Neisse (Polish: Nysa Szalona; German: Wütende Neiße or Jauersche Neiße)), it is simply referred to as the Neisse.


Since the river runs through the historic region of Lusatia, the adjective "Lusatian" or "Western" before the name of the river Neisse is used whenever differentiating this border river from the Eastern Neisse (Polish: Nysa Kłodzka, German: Glatzer Neisse) and the smaller Raging Neisse (Polish: Nysa Szalona; German: Wütende Neisse or Jauersche Neisse), both in Poland.

Towns and villages

At Bad Muskau the Neisse flows through Muskau Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Cities and towns on the river from source to mouth include:


Right bank:

Left bank:

See also


  1. Tockner, Klement; Uehlinger, Urs and Robinson Christopher T. (2009). Rivers of Europe, Academic Press, London, Burlington and San Diego. ISBN 978-0-12-369449-2.
  2. Fritsch-Bournazel, Renata (1992). Europe and German Unification, Berg, Oxford and Providence, RI, p. 106. ISBN 0 85496 979 9
  3. McKenna, Amy (2014). Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, Britannica Guide to Countries of the EU, New York, p. 193. ISBN 978-1-61530-991-7.
  4. Neisse River at Retrieved 4 Feb 2011.
  5. Transnational Pilot River Basin at Retrieved 4 Feb 2011.
  6. Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland 2017, Statistics Poland, p. 85-86
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