Lummi sticks, named after the Lummi Native American peoples, are hardwood cylindrical sticks, usually roughly 7 inches long and 0.75 inches in diameter, used as percussive musical instruments. They are generally struck against one another, and used frequently in musical education to teach rhythm.
Another variety, called simply a rhythm stick, is 12 inches long and painted blue. These are generally either cylindrical or fluted, and come in sets containing an equal number of both.
A similar stick game is the Ti Rakau of the Māori people, played with meter-long sticks.
- Jack Capon, Successful Movement Challenges: Movement Activities for the Developing Child, p.43. Byron, California: Front Row Experience, 1981, ISBN 978-0-915256-07-5
- Koo-ee/Lummi Sticks: Record of Instruction, song and instruction by Johnny Pearson. Los Altos, California: Twinson Company, 1961. 10" vinyl recording with instruction sheets
- Ross Calman (23 August 2013). "'Traditional Māori games – ngā tākaro - Stick games, string games, poi and haka'". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
- Kendall Blanchard, The Anthropology of Sport: an Introduction, p.180. Bergin & Garvey, 1995