Luckenwalde

Luckenwalde (German pronunciation: [lʊkənˈvaldə]; Upper and Lower Sorbian: Łukowc) is the capital of the Teltow-Fläming district in the German state of Brandenburg. It is situated on the Nuthe river north of the Fläming Heath, at the eastern rim of the Nuthe-Nieplitz Nature Park, about 50 km (31 mi) south of Berlin. The town area includes the villages of Frankenfelde and Kolzenburg.

Luckenwalde
Market tower and St. John's Church

Coat of arms
Location of Luckenwalde within Teltow-Fläming district
Luckenwalde
Luckenwalde
Coordinates: 52°05′N 13°10′E
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictTeltow-Fläming
Subdivisions3 Ortsteile
Government
  MayorElisabeth Herzog-von der Heide (SPD)
Area
  Total46.75 km2 (18.05 sq mi)
Elevation
48 m (157 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total20,522
  Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
14943
Dialling codes03371
Vehicle registrationTF
Websitewww.luckenwalde.de

Overview

The former Slavic settlement of Lugkin was conquered by Margrave Conrad Wettin of Meissen in the course of the 1147 Wendish Crusade. Lukenwalde Castle was first mentioned in a 1216 deed as a burgward of the Bishopric of Brandenburg, it was acquired by Zinna Abbey in 1285. Together with Zinna it remained under the rule of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg and its successor, the Prussian Duchy of Magdeburg until it was attached to the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1773.

Originating in the 17th century, Luckenwalde's cloth and wool factories did not spring up till the reign of King Frederick II of Prussia and soon were among the most extensive in Germany. Other traditional industries were cotton printing and a dye works, brewing, and the making of metal and bronze goods. In 1808 Luckenwalde officially received town privileges.

By the turn of the 20th Century Luckenwalde became renowned as a key manufacturer of hats. In 1921 the two biggest hat ateliers, Herrmann and Steinberg, merged and set up their factory on an industrial estate in Luckenwalde. The factory was designed by German architect Erich Mendelsohn in 1923, the factory is considered a milestone of Expressionist architecture. The hat factory fell into disrepair during and after the war period and was restored in 2001, but as of 2013 the building remains empty.[2]

During World War II, there was a Stalag for prisoners of war (Stalag IIIa). There was also a work camp for civilians. The Nazis forced people to work for their war effort or else the families of people who worked there would perish. Lack of food and hard work killed thousands. Among them were Poles, Italians, French and many more. There were several places in the town and surrounding areas where they worked. Luckenwalde was taken by the Red Army on 22 April 1945.

Demography

Luckenwalde: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 14,699    
1890 19,173+1.79%
1910 24,213+1.17%
1925 25,625+0.38%
1933 26,784+0.55%
1939 29,383+1.56%
1946 31,927+1.19%
1950 31,668−0.20%
1964 29,968−0.39%
1971 29,700−0.13%
1981 27,957−0.60%
1985 27,487−0.42%
1989 27,096−0.36%
1990 26,544−2.04%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 25,688−3.22%
1992 25,306−1.49%
1993 24,983−1.28%
1994 24,675−1.23%
1995 24,185−1.99%
1996 23,803−1.58%
1997 23,383−1.76%
1998 23,052−1.42%
1999 22,683−1.60%
2000 22,389−1.30%
2001 22,111−1.24%
2002 21,813−1.35%
2003 21,718−0.44%
2004 21,570−0.68%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 21,373−0.91%
2006 21,176−0.92%
2007 20,902−1.29%
2008 20,726−0.84%
2009 20,637−0.43%
2010 20,471−0.80%
2011 20,230−1.18%
2012 20,154−0.38%
2013 20,185+0.15%
2014 20,060−0.62%
2015 20,358+1.49%
2016 20,521+0.80%
2017 20,674+0.75%
2018 20,522−0.74%

Politics

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 elections:[4]

Transport

Luckenwalde station is located on the Berlin–Halle railway.

Born in Luckenwalde

International relations

Luckenwalde is twinned with:

References

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Luckenwalde". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 106.

Media related to Luckenwalde at Wikimedia Commons

Notgeld (emergency banknotes) depicting the industries Luckenwalde was known for in the early 20th century. http://webgerman.com/Notgeld/Directory/L/Luckenwalde.htm

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