Lucius Julius Caesar
Lucius Julius Caesar was the name of several men of the gens Julia at ancient Rome. Lucius was one of three praenomina used by the Julii Caesares; the others were Sextus and Gaius, which was the praenomen of the most famous Julius Caesar.
Lucius Julius Caesar (praetor 183 BC)
The earliest known Lucius Julius Caesar was praetor in Cisalpine Gaul in 183 BC. His mission was to keep Transalpine Gauls from settling in the area of Aquileia, without resorting to war. His brother, Sextus, was a military tribune in 181, and consul in 157 BC.
Lucius Julius Caesar (praetor urbanus 166 BC)
Lucius Julius Caesar, son of the praetor of 183, was praetor urbanus in 166. A praetor urbanus named Julius Caesar was mentioned by Pliny the Elder as having died suddenly during his year of office, and was perhaps the same man, although some scholars identify him with Gaius Julius Caesar, the grandfather of the dictator.
Lucius Julius Caesar (father of Strabo)
Son of the Sextus Julius Caesar who was consul in 157 BC, this Lucius is not known to have held any public office, but he was the father of Lucius Julius Caesar, consul in 90 BC, and Gaius Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus, and probably also Julia, the first wife of the dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla. His wife, Poppilia, had previously been married to Quintus Lutatius Catulus.
Lucius Julius Caesar (consul 90 BC)
Consul in 90 BC during the Social War, Lucius Julius Caesar proposed the lex Julia granting Roman citizenship to those allies who remained loyal to Rome. He commanded one of the armies employed against the Italians, enjoying limited success, as he lost several engagements; but he also repulsed an attack on his camp. He was elected censor in 89 BC. Lucius and his half-brother, Gaius Julius Caesar Strabo, were killed by partisans of Gaius Marius in 87 BC during Sulla's invasion of Italy. He had two children: Lucius, who was consul in 64 BC, and Julia Antonia.
Lucius Julius Caesar (consul 64 BC)
Lucius Julius Caesar was consul in 64 BC. The following year, he participated in the Senate's discussion over the fate of the participants in the second Catilinarian conspiracy, and voted for the death penalty although his own brother-in-law, Publius Cornelius Lentulus Sura, was amongst the conspirators. In 52 BC, he was a legate in his cousin's army in Gaul, and later served against Pompeius during the Civil War. After the dictator's assassination, Lucius found himself first allied with, then opposing his nephew, Marcus Antonius, who proscribed him; but the pleas of his sister saved him from death. Lucius was an augur as early as 69 BC.
Lucius Julius Caesar (partisan of Pompeius)
The son of Lucius Julius Caesar, consul in 64 BC, Lucius was a partisan of Pompeius during the Civil War, although his father was a legate in the army of Gaius Julius Caesar. In 46 BC, he was proquaestor under Cato at Utica, and he was pardoned by his victorious cousin after the Battle of Thapsus, but was murdered soon afterward, probably by Caesar's soldiers, who lacked their commander's clemency.
Lucius Julius Caesar (son of Agrippa)
Born Lucius Vipsanius Agrippa in 17 BC, he was the son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder, and grandson of Augustus. As the emperor had no sons, he adopted Lucius and his brother, Gaius, and became Lucius Julius Caesar. He died in AD 2, while still a young man, and in his grandfather's lifetime.
- Livy xxxix. 45.
- T.R.S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, American Philological Association (1952), vol. I, p. 378.
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, ed. (1870), vol. I, p. 536.
- Pliny the Elder, Natural History vii. 181.
- Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic vol. I, p. 437.
- L. julius L. f. L. n. caesar entry in Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (Nr. 11 in v. 1, page 538) at "The Ancient Library" website