Lucien Murat

Lucien Charles Joseph Napoléon, Prince Français, Prince of Naples, 2nd Prince de Pontecorvo, 3rd Prince Murat (16 May 1803, Milan – 10 April 1878, Paris) was a French politician, and the sovereign Prince of Pontecorvo between 1812 and May 1815.[1][2]

Lucien Murat
Prince of Pontecorvo
Reign5 December 1812 – 25 May 1815
PredecessorJean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte
SuccessorPrincipality abolished
Prince Murat
Tenure15 April 1847 – 10 April 1878
PredecessorPrince Achille
SuccessorPrince Joachim
Born(1803-05-16)16 May 1803
Died10 April 1878(1878-04-10) (aged 74)
SpouseCaroline Georgina Fraser
IssueCaroline, Baroness de Chassiron
Joachim, Prince Murat
Anne, Duchess of Mouchy
Prince Achille Murat
Prince Louis Murat
FatherJoachim Murat
MotherCaroline Bonaparte


He was the second son of Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1808–1815), and his Queen consort Caroline Bonaparte.

His maternal uncles included Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon I of France, Lucien Bonaparte, Louis Bonaparte and Jérôme Bonaparte. His maternal aunts included Elisa Bonaparte and Pauline Bonaparte.

Life in exile

Murat had to flee the Italian Peninsula after his father's execution, which had been ordered by Ferdinand IV of Naples. Between 1815 and 1822 he and his older brother Prince Achille Murat received a solid education at Castle Frohsdorf in the Austrian Empire. He later went to Venice, where he was pursued by the Austrian authorities, necessitating his departure to the United States.

He was shipwrecked in Spain and captured by the Spanish, compelling him to remain there for many months until his brother secured assistance from President of the United States James Monroe for his release. He finally arrived in the United States in April 1825. He traveled to Philadelphia to meet his maternal uncle Joseph Bonaparte and from there traveled extensively in the western part of the country, as well as Texas and California.

On 18 August 1831 Murat married a Protestant, Caroline Georgina Fraser (Charleston, South Carolina, 13 April 1810 – Paris, 10 February 1879), daughter of Thomas Fraser, a Scottish emigrant to the United States and major in the Loyalist militia during the American Revolution, and his wife Ann Loughton Smith,[3] at Bordentown, New Jersey and lived several years in Bordentown, New Jersey. On his many travels to France, Murat sought in 1838 and 1844 the possibility to reclaim his family's right to the throne, which his elder brother had abandoned. In France he was always only allowed to stay 5 weeks at a time.

Settlement in France

He continued to live in the United States, staying in daily correspondence with his backers, until the fall of Louis-Philippe of France in 1848. He returned to France with his wife and was elected a member of the constituent assembly. In 1849 he was appointed as Minister for Turin. In 1852 he received the status of senator and the title of prince.

In 1861 he tried to regain the throne of Naples, and composed a manifesto to support his claim. This was not well received by his maternal first cousin Napoleon III of France and Murat abandoned hopes of regaining the crown.

During the Franco-Prussian War after the French defeat at the Siege of Metz (3 September – 23 October 1870), Murat was imprisoned with Marshal of France François Achille Bazaine. After the fall of the Second French Empire, Murat moved back to United States for a short time where he had business interests.

Napoléon Lucien Murat died on 10 April 1878 in Paris. His wife died shortly after him on 10 February 1879.


He and his wife Caroline Georgina Fraser:



  •  "Murat, Napoléon Achille" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900.
Regnal titles
Title last held by
Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte
Prince of Pontecorvo
Principality abolished
French nobility
of the First French Empire
New creation Prince of Pontecorvo
As title of pretence

Succeeded by
Joachim Murat
Preceded by
Achille Murat
Prince Murat
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