Lubniewice

Lubniewice [lubɲɛˈvʲit͡sɛ] (German: Königswalde) is a small town in Sulęcin County, Lubusz Voivodeship, western Poland, with 1,924 inhabitants (2004). It is the administrative seat of Gmina Lubniewice.

Lubniewice

Coat of arms
Lubniewice
Lubniewice
Coordinates: 52°30′59″N 15°14′59″E
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lubusz
CountySulęcin
GminaLubniewice
Area
  Total12.11 km2 (4.68 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total1,929
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
69-210
Area code(s)+48 95
Car platesFSU
Websitehttp://www.lubniewice.pl

History

Middle Ages

The area formed part of Poland since the establishment of the state in the 10th century. As a result of the fragmentation of Poland, it became part of the Greater Poland province. The first mentioning of the fortress Lubnewiz (Old Polish version of the town's name) dates back to the Greater Polish duke, and future King of Poland, Przemysł II in 1287.[1] Later on, it was annexed by the Margraviate of Brandenburg. A 1322 deed referred to a nearby settlement of German colonists named Königswalde, established in the course of the Ostsiedlung at the behest of the Brandenburgian margraves. It was located close to the Imperial border with the Poznań Voivodeship of the Polish Crown in the east. In 1352 the Wittelsbach elector Louis II of Brandenburg enfeoffed his ministeriales of the Waldow noble family with the Königswalde estates. Between 1373 and 1415 it was under Bohemian (Czech) suzerainty.

Modern era

From the late 17th century onwards the population increased by the immigration of Polish Brethren and Protestants from Silesia. In 1706 Samuel Crell-Spinowski became minister at the parish church. After the discovery of the alum deposits in 1751, a mine was established here, which was plundered and destroyed by the Russian army in 1758 during the Seven Years' War.[1] Königswalde received town privileges in 1808 and was incorporated into the Prussian Province of Brandenburg in 1815. From 1871 to 1945 the town was part of Germany. After World War II and the implementation of the Oder-Neisse line, the town became part of the Republic of Poland and the German population was expelled. The historic Polish name Lubniewice was restored.

Notable people

References

  1. "Zabytki i historia, Lubniewice". Lubniewice.pl (in Polish). Retrieved July 28, 2019.

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