Louis Lavelle

Louis Lavelle (French: [lavɛl]; July 15, 1883 – September 1, 1951) was a French philosopher, considered one of the greatest French metaphysicians of the twentieth century.[3] His magnum opus, La Dialectique de l'éternel présent (1922), is a systematic metaphysical work. Lavelle's other principal works include De l'Être (1928), De l'Acte (1937), Du Temps et de l'Eternité (1945), and De l'Âme Humaine (1951).

Louis Lavelle
Louis Lavelle
BornJuly 15, 1883
DiedSeptember 1, 1951 (1951-10) (aged 68)
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolContinental philosophy
French spiritualism
Main interests
Metaphysics, ethics
Notable ideas
Classification of values, participation in the Absolute (participation à l'Absolu)

In his works, Lavelle aborted themes such as axiology, aesthetics, the problem of evil, morality,[4] and freedom of the spirit. Lavelle was a member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques, read and revered by philosophers such as Gilles Deleuze,[4] Paul Ricœur[5] and Pierre Hadot.[6]

Biography

Louis Lavelle was born in France in 1883 and died there in 1951. He was Professor at the College de France; at the Sorbonne; and lectured at German, Italian, Swiss, Belgian and Dutch universities. In 1947 he was recognized for his many philosophical and religious writings, and named to the Académie des sciences morales et politiques.[7]

Major publications

Original French

Lavelle's other writings include La dialectique du monde sensible: La perception visuelle de la profondeur (1921), La conscience de soi (1933), La présence totale (1934), L'Erreur de Narcisse (1939), Le Mal et la Souffrance (1940), La Parole et l'Écriture (1947), and Les puissances du Moi (1948).

Selected translations of works by Lavelle
  • Translations of selected chapters of La présence totale (The Total Presence), De l’Acte (Of the Act), Du temps et de l’éternité (Of Time and Eternity) and De l’âme humaine (Of the Human Soul), together with a long introduction to the work of Lavelle, can be found in The Act of Presence by Robert Jones. It is presented in full on the website of the Association Louis Lavelle (http://association-lavelle.chez-alice.fr) under « Traductions ».
Analyses and critiques in English
  • James Collins published the article "Louis Lavelle on Human Participation" in The Philosophical Review vol 56, no. 2 (1947): 156-83.
  • Walter J. Ong works with a sound/sight contrast throughout Ramus, Method, and the Deacay of Dialogue: From the Art of Discourse to the Art of Reason (1958, 3rd ed. 2004), which he credits largely to Lavelle: "For a discerning and profound treatment of the visual-aural opposition on which the present discussion turns, the reader is referred to the works of Louis Lavelle, especially La parole et l'ecriture (Paris, 1942), and Jean Nogue, Esquisse d'un système des qualités sensibles (Paris, 1943)" (p. 338n.54).
  • Colin Smith devotes a chapter to discussing Lavelle's work in Contemporary French Philosophy: A Study in Norms and Values (1964, pp. 47–74).
  • Marvin Farber includes an essay by Lavelle in the collection Philosophic Thought in France and the United States: Essays Representing Major Trends in Contemporary French and American Philosophy (1968, pp. 121–35).
Analyses and critiques in French
  • Bechara Sargi, La Participation à l'être dans la philosophie de Louis Lavelle, Éditions Beauchesne, Paris, 1957.

See also

References

  1. Louis Lavelle, "Maine de Biran l'homme et la philosophie." In: Bulletin de l'Association Guillaume Budé, Paris, Dec. 1949, pp. 75–85.
  2. "Intitulé de l'unité documentaire Fonds Lavelle, Louis" (in French). Collège de France.
  3. Gilles Deleuze. Cahiers du Sud, XLII (in French) (No 334, abril de 1955 ed.). pp. 499–500.
  4. Paul Ricœur apud Tarcísio Padilha (2012). A Presença Total, Ensaios Reunidos (in Portuguese). É Realizações. p. 287. ...em torno da obra de Louis Lavelle, de seu estilo perfeito, de sua serenidade espinozista, uma espécie de silêncio respeitoso e penoso aconteceu na França, os jovens nem sequer o leem e os mais velhos discutem, de preferência, obras menos perfeitas, mas mais incisivas a seu gosto, que os tornaram muitas vezes desatentos ou desinteressados ao plano imenso do filósofo do ser; isso era natural; isso não é, sem dúvida, durável; quando o tempo houver reduzido as reputações, as verdadeiras grandezas se reclassificação; estou convencido de que Louis Lavelle, no fim dessa provação, será amplamente reconhecido.
  5. "LES 20 ANS DE L'ASSOCIATION LOUIS LAVELLE" (PDF) (in French). J'ai beaucoup aimé aussi le livre de Louis Lavelle, L'Erreur de Narcisse, parce que la suite de courtes méditations, qui forment ce petit ouvrage et qui sont, chacune, une invitation à pratiquer un exercice spirituel, conduisent peu à peu le lecteur à ce " présent où se trouve situé le sommet de notre conscience " et à la prise de conscience de la " présence pure " » (Paris, Albin Michel, 2001, p.221).
  6. Louis Lavelle, Evil and Suffering, The Macmillan Company, New York, 1963. Originally published in 1940 as Le mal et la suffrance.
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