Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse

Louis I of Hesse (German: Ludwig) (6 February 1402, Spangenberg - 17 January 1458), called "the Peaceful" was Landgrave of Lower Hesse (Hesse) from 1413-1458.

Louis I
Landgrave of Hesse
Titles and styles
The Landgrave of Hesse
Born6 February 1402
Died17 January 1458 (aged 55)
Noble familyHouse of Hesse
Spouse(s)Anna of Saxony
Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse
Hermann IV, Archbishop of Cologne
FatherHermann II, Landgrave of Hesse
MotherMargaret of Hohenzollern-Nuremberg

He was the son of Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse and Margaret, the daughter of Frederick V of Nuremberg. He married Anna (5 June 1420 - 17 September 1462) daughter of Frederick I, Elector of Saxony on 13 September 1436. Their children were:

After 1425 a conflict with the Electorate of Mainz over claims to power in Hesse broke out into open conflict and Archbishop Conrad III of Mainz suffered a decisive defeat at Fulda in 1427.


  • Ludwig I. v. Hessen Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Band 52, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1906, p. 115.
Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse
Born: 6 February 1402 Died: 17 January 1458
Preceded by
Hermann II the Learned
Landgrave of Hesse
Succeeded by
Louis II the Frank (Lower Hesse)
Henry III the Rich (Upper Hesse)

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