Louis Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers
Louis Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers (Italian: Ludovico or Luigi di Gonzaga-Nevers; 18 September 1539 – 23 October 1595) was an Italian-French dignitary and diplomat in France. He was the third child of Frederick II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, and Margaret Palaeologina.
|jure uxoris Duke of Nevers|
Louis de Nevers and his spouse
|Born||18 September 1539|
|Died||23 October 1595 56) (aged|
|Noble family||House of Gonzaga|
|Spouse(s)||Henriette of Cleves|
Catherine, Duchess of Longueville
Marie Henriette, Duchess of Mayenne
Charles I, Duke of Mantua
|Father||Frederick II Gonzaga|
Born in Mantua, at the age 10 he was sent to Paris to inherit the assets left by his grandmother, Anne d'Alençon, widow of Marquess William IX of Montferrat. He entered Henry II of France's army and fought in the battle of St. Quentin (1557), where he was taken prisoner by the Spanish.
He is considered by many historians as one of the courtiers most responsible for the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre in 1572.
Louis died at Nesle in 1595.
He and his wife, Henriette of Cleves, had five children:
- Catherine Gonzaga (21 January 1568 – 1 December 1629), married Henry I, Duke of Longueville
- Maria Henrietta Gonzaga (3 September 1571 – 3 August 1614), married Henry of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne
- Frederick Gonzaga (11 March 1573 – 22 April 1574).
- Francis Gonzaga (17 September 1576 – 13 June 1580).
- Charles I, Duke of Mantua (6 May 1580 – 20 September 1637).
- titles which Louis carried henceforth
- Boltanski, Ariane (2006). Les ducs de Nevers et l'État royal: genèse d'un compromis (ca 1550 - ca 1600) (in French). Librairie Droz.
- Holt, Mack P. (2002). The Duke of Anjou and the Politique Struggle During the Wars of Religion. Cambridge University Press.
- Oman, Charles (1937). A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century. Metheun.
- Ward, A.W.; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. XIII. The Macmillan Company.
- Marek, Miroslav. "A listing of descendants of Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua". Genealogy.EU.