Lot (department)

Lot (French pronunciation: [lɔt];[1] Occitan: Òlt [ɔl]) is a department in the Occitanie region of France. Named after the Lot River, it lies in the southwestern part of the country and had a population of 173,758 in 2013. Its prefecture is Cahors; its subprefectures are Figeac and Gourdon.

Lot

Òlt  (Occitan)
Prefecture building in Cahors

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Lot in France
Coordinates: 44°35′N 01°35′E
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
PrefectureCahors
SubprefecturesFigeac
Gourdon
Government
  President of the Departmental CouncilGérard Miquel
Area
  Total5,217 km2 (2,014 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total173,347
  Rank92nd
  Density33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number46
Arrondissements3
Cantons17
Communes313
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

History

Lot is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the province of Quercy. In 1808 some of the original southeastern cantons were separated from it to form the department of Tarn-et-Garonne. It originally extended much farther to the south and included the city of Montauban.

Geography

Lot is part of the region of Occitanie and is surrounded by the departments of Corrèze, Cantal, Aveyron, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne and Dordogne.

Cahors is the prefecture of the department, lying in its southwestern part: a medieval cathedral town known internationally for its production of Cahors wine, it lies in a wide loop of the Lot River and is famous for its 14th-century bridge, the Pont Valentré. Figeac is a medieval town where Jean-François Champollion, the first translator of Egyptian hieroglyphics, was born, situated in the eastern part of Lot. Gourdon, a medieval hilltop town located in Lot's northwestern part, with a well preserved centre, comprises many prehistoric painted caves nearby, notably the Grottes de Cougnac.

Demographics

The inhabitants of Lot are called Lotois and Lotoises is French. Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801261,207    
1806268,149+0.53%
1821275,296+0.18%
1831284,505+0.33%
1841287,739+0.11%
1851296,224+0.29%
1861295,542−0.02%
1872281,404−0.44%
1881280,269−0.04%
1891253,939−0.98%
1901226,720−1.13%
1911205,769−0.96%
1921176,889−1.50%
1931166,637−0.60%
1936162,572−0.49%
1946154,897−0.48%
1954147,754−0.59%
1962149,929+0.18%
1968151,198+0.14%
1975150,778−0.04%
1982154,533+0.35%
1990155,816+0.10%
1999160,197+0.31%
2006169,533+0.81%
2016173,347+0.22%
source:[2]

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember[3]Party
Lot's 1st constituency Aurélien Pradié The Republicans
Lot's 2nd constituency Huguette Tiegna La République En Marche!

Tourism

See also

  • French singer-songwriter Léo Ferré lived in the Lot for a while.
  • At Home in France, by Ann Barry; a humorous account of owning a vacation cottage in Lot

References

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