Lot-et-Garonne

Lot-et-Garonne (French: [lɔt‿e ɡaʁɔn], Occitan: Òlt e Garona) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Lot River and Garonne River, it had a population of 332,833 in 2016. Its prefecture and largest city is Agen.

Lot-et-Garonne

Òlt e Garona  (Occitan)
Top down, from left to right: prefecture building in Agen, Castelnaud-de-Gratecambe, Château de Lauzun and Château de Bonaguil

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Lot-et-Garonne in France
Coordinates: 44°20′N 0°30′E
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
PrefectureAgen
SubprefecturesMarmande
Nérac
Villeneuve-sur-Lot
Government
  President of the Departmental CouncilSophie Borderie (PS)
Area
  Total5,361 km2 (2,070 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total332,833
  Rank70th
  Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number47
Arrondissements4
Cantons21
Communes319
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

History

Lot-et-Garonne is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790, as a result of the French Revolution. It was created from part of the province of Guyenne and Gascony; originally the territory of the ancient county of Agenais constituted nearly the whole.

Several of the original southeastern cantons in the arrondissements of Agen and Villeneuve-sur-Lot were separated from it in 1808 to become a part of the newly created department of Tarn-et-Garonne.

Geography

Lot-et-Garonne is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Lot, Tarn-et-Garonne, Gers, Landes, Gironde, and Dordogne. The north of the department is composed of limestone hills. Between Lot and Garonne, there is a plateau carved by many valleys. In the west of the department, the Landes forest is planted in sand. It's composed of maritime pines. Between the forest and Agen, there is the Albret, a very hilly country.

Politics

Departmental Council of Lot-et-Garonne

The Departmental Council of Lot-et-Garonne has 40 seats. In the 2015 departmental elections, the Socialist Party (PS) secured 25 seats while The Republicans (LR) won 15 seats. Sophie Borderie (PS) has presided over the assembly since 2019.

Members of the National Assembly

Lot-et-Garonne elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember[1]Party
Lot-et-Garonne's 1st constituency Michel Lauzzana La République En Marche!
Lot-et-Garonne's 2nd constituency Alexandre Freschi La République En Marche!
Lot-et-Garonne's 3rd constituency Olivier Damaisin La République En Marche!

Economy

Food-processing, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals are all major industries of the department.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Lot-et-Garonnais.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801298,940    
1806327,444+1.84%
1821330,121+0.05%
1831346,885+0.50%
1841347,073+0.01%
1851341,345−0.17%
1861332,065−0.28%
1872319,289−0.36%
1881312,081−0.25%
1891295,360−0.55%
1901278,740−0.58%
1911268,083−0.39%
1921239,972−1.10%
1931247,500+0.31%
1936252,761+0.42%
1946265,449+0.49%
1954265,549+0.00%
1962275,028+0.44%
1968290,592+0.92%
1975292,616+0.10%
1982298,522+0.29%
1990305,989+0.31%
1999305,380−0.02%
2006322,283+0.77%
2016332,833+0.32%
source:[2]

Tourism

See also

References

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