Lorraine and Barrois

Lorraine and Barrois (French: Lorraine et Barrois) was a government of the Kingdom of France, formed in February 1766 from the duchies of Lorraine and Bar upon the death of Stanisław Leszczyński.[2]

Lorraine and Barrois
Government of Kingdom of France
1766[1]–1790[1]

CapitalNancy
History 
 Established
1766[1]
 Disestablished
1790[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Lorraine
Duchy of Bar
Meurthe (department)
Meuse (department)
Moselle (department)
Vosges (department)
Part of the series on
Lorraine
Flag of Lorraine since the 13th century

King Louis XV of France (r. 1715–1774) had negotiated at the preliminaries of Vienna in 1735 "an arrangement by which Francis [III, Duke of Lorraine] received the duchy of Tuscany [...] in exchange for Lorraine, and Stanislaus Leszczynski, the dethroned king of Poland and father-in-law of Louis XV., obtained Lorraine, which after his death would pass to his daughter—in other words, to France."[2] The following year (1736), "by a secret agreement," Stanisław had "abandoned the financial administration of his estates to Louis XV. for a yearly subsidy."[2] Both treaties, however, guaranteed the legislation of Lorraine and Barrois, "the privileges enjoyed by the three orders, and their common law and customs tariffs, which they retained until the French Revolution."[2]

Meanwhile, the Three Bishoprics formed a little government.[2]

A parlement for Lorraine and Barrois was created in Nancy in 1776. There was also a chambre des comptes at Bar-le-Duc.[2]

References

Sources

  • The Encyclopædia Britannica. XVII (11th ed.). 1911.
  • L'Armée à Nancy, 1633–1966: mélanges d'histoire militaire (in French).
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