Lord Bernard Stewart

Lord Bernard Stewart (1623 – 26 September 1645) was a Scottish aristocrat who served as a Royalist commander in the English Civil War. He was the youngest of the five sons of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox, and his wife Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton, and the brother of James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond.[1]

Lord Bernard was to be created Earl of Lichfield by King Charles I for his actions at the first and second battles of Newbury and Naseby but died of injuries received leading a sortie against besieging Parliamentary forces in the Battle of Rowton Heath in September 1645, before the patent could be implemented. The titles of Baron Newbury and Earl of Lichfield were instead created in December 1645 for his six-year-old nephew, Charles Stewart (1639–1672), the son of Bernard's elder brother George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny, who had been killed at the Battle of Edgehill in 1642.[1] His brother John was also killed in the war.


  1. Money 1881, pp. 187–188


  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lennox" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 419–420.
  • Money, Walter (1881). The First and Second Battles of Newbury and the Siege of Donnington Castle During the Civil War, A.D. 1643-6. Simpkin, Marshall and co. Retrieved 1 March 2009.
  • "Commentary on the portrait by Van Dyck". National Portrait Gallery.
  • "Burke's Peerage & Gentry, 107th edition".
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