Lophophine (MMDPEA or 3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxyphenethylamine) is a putative psychedelic and entactogen drug of the methylenedioxyphenethylamine class. It is the α-demethylated homologue of MMDA, and is also closely related to mescaline.
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|ECHA InfoCard||100.041.645 |
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||195.218 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Alexander Shulgin originally suggested that lophophine may be a natural constituent of peyote (Lophophora williamsii) due to it being the only logical chemical intermediate for the biosynthesis of several tetrahydroisoquinolines known to be present in this cactus species. Subsequently, lophophine was indeed shown to be a minor component of both peyote and San Pedro cactus.
Shulgin reports that lophophine is active in the dosage range of 150–250 mg. He states that at these doses, lophophine has some similarity to mescaline in action, in producing a peaceful elevation of mood, euphoria, and mild enhancement of visual perception, but without the generation of closed-eye mental imagery. Shulgin also notes that (in contrast to mescaline), lophophine causes no nausea.
- A. Shulgin and A. Shulgin (1991). Pihkal. Berkeley: Transform Press. pp. 701–702.
- Bruhn JG, El-Seedi HR, Stephanson N, Beck O, Shulgin AT (June 2008). "Ecstasy analogues found in cacti". Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 40 (2): 219–22. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.689.4014. doi:10.1080/02791072.2008.10400635. PMID 18720674.
- PiHKAL: #95 Lophophine: 3-Methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxyphenethylamine
- Mescaline: The Chemistry and Pharmacology of its Analogues
See also: Receptor/signaling modulators • Monoamine reuptake inhibitors • Adrenergics • Dopaminergics • Serotonergics • Monoamine metabolism modulators • Monoamine neurotoxins
(and close relatives)
Drugs described in PiHKAL