Lomonosov Gold Medal
The Lomonosov Gold Medal, named after Russian scientist and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov, is awarded each year since 1959 for outstanding achievements in the natural sciences and the humanities by the USSR Academy of Sciences and later the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Since 1967, two medals are awarded annually: one to a Russian and one to a foreign scientist. It is the Academy's highest accolade.
Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal
- Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa: cumulatively, for works in physics of low temperatures.
- Aleksandr Nikolaevich Nesmeyanov: accumulatively for works in chemistry.
- Sin-Itiro Tomonaga (member of the Japanese academy of Sciences, president of the Scientific Council of Japan) : for substantial scientific contributions to the development of physics.
- Hideki Yukawa (member of the Japanese academy of Sciences, director of the Institute of Basic Research at the University of Kyoto) : for outstanding merits in the development of theoretical physics.
- Sir Howard Walter Florey (professor, president of the Royal Society of Great Britain) : for an outstanding contribution in the development of medicine.
- Nikolai Vasilevich Belov: accumulatively for works in crystallography.
- Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh : for outstanding achievements in mathematics, mechanics and space research.
- Maurice Roy (full member of the Académie française) : for outstanding achievements in mechanics and its applications.
- Semyon Isaakovich Volfkovich : for outstanding achievements in chemistry and the technology of phosphorus and the development of scientific foundations of chemicalization of agriculture in the USSR.
- Herman Klare (full member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic) : for outstanding achievements in the chemistry and technology of man-made fibers.
- Svyatoslav Nikolaevich Fyodorov : for outstanding achievements in ophthalmology and eye microsurgery.
- Josef Říman (academician, Chairman of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences) : for outstanding achievements in biochemistry.
- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn: for an outstanding contribution into the development of Russian literature, Russian language and Russian history.
- Yosikazu Nakamura (professor, Japan): for an outstanding contribution to the study of Slavistics and the popularization of Russian literature and culture in Japan.
- Valentin Lavrentevich Yanin: for achievements in the archaeological studies of medieval Russia.
- Michael Müller-Wille (professor, Germany): for achievements in the study of foreign relations of early medieval Russia.
- Gury Ivanovich Marchuk: for his outstanding contribution to the creation of new models and methods of solving problems of nuclear-reactor physics, atmosphere and ocean physics.
- Edward N. Lorenz (professor, United States): for major achievements in developing the theory of general circulation of the atmosphere and the theory of chaotic attractors of dissipative systems.
- Nikolay Pavlovich Laverov: for outstanding achievements in geology and geophysics.
- Rodney Charles Ewing (professor, United States): for his research on the nuclear fuel cycle and nuclear waste management.
- Vladimir Alexandrovich Tartakovsky : for outstanding contributions in chemistry.
- Roald Hoffmann (professor, United States): for outstanding contributions in chemistry.
- Gleb Vsevolodovich Dobrovolsky : for outstanding contribution in the field of soil science.
- Richard Warren Arnold (professor, United States): for his outstanding contribution to the development of theoretical and applied soil science and modeling the behavior of soils in different landscapes of the world.
- Leonid Veniaminovich Keldysh: for outstanding contributions to the physics of tunnel phenomena, including the tunnel effects in semiconductors.
- Paul Corkum (professor, Canada): for outstanding contribution in ultrafast physics, including attosecond range, and interferometry processes of electron wave functions in atoms and molecules with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution.
- Dmitrii Knorre: for his outstanding contribution in the field of nucleic acid chemistry, affinity modification of biopolymers, becoming the most important areas of pharmacology - therapeutic nucleic acids and the development of gene therapy techniques.
- Sidney Altman (Canada and United States): for his outstanding contribution in the field of biochemistry of nucleic acids, the discovery of the catalytic activity of the nucleic acids and the creation of new biologically active substances.
- Yuri Tsolakovich Oganesyan: for fundamental research in the field of interaction of complex nuclei and experimental confirmation of the hypothesis of the existence of "stability islands" of superheavy elements.
- Björn Jonson (professor, Sweden): for work of a fundamental nature, which are of fundamental importance for the study of the nuclear structure and nuclear stability of exotic lightest nuclei at the boundaries of nucleon stability.
- Joseph Isaevich Gitelzon: for the justification and development of the ecological direction of biophysics, which has achieved a number of outstanding fundamental and practical results, in particular in marine and laboratory studies of bioluminescence.
- Martin Chalfie (professor, United States): for developing new methods for bioluminescent analysis using GFP luminescent protein.