Lom is a municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Fossbergom. The municipality of Lom was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The area of Skjåk was separated from Lom to become a municipality of its own in 1866.
Coat of arms
Lom within Oppland
|Coordinates: 61°48′39″N 8°38′21″E|
|• Mayor (2017)||Bjarne Eiolf Holø (Sp)|
|• Total||1,969 km2 (760 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,889 km2 (729 sq mi)|
|Area rank||31 in Norway|
|• Rank||303 in Norway|
|• Density||1/km2 (3/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-5.0%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0514|
|Official language form||Nynorsk|
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 6 February 1987. The arms show three silver-colored skjeltrekor (spades) on a blue background. These spades were historically used to scoop water from the irrigation channels typical for the area. The area is one of the driest in Norway, but the soil is good for agriculture. It thus needs irrigation. In the 17th century, a system was developed in which melting water from the mountains was transported to the area using wooden channels or aqueducts. The water was further divided using irrigation channels.
The Saga of Olaf Haraldson relates that St. Olaf commented as he first looked down on Lom, "What a pity to have to lay waste to such a beautiful valley." In the face of such a clear motivation, the residents of the valley converted (it has since been a recurring discussion whether he looked to Lom or the neighbouring municipality Skjåk, at the time a part of Lom.) St. Olafs-stuggu, a building where St. Olaf is reported to have spent a night in 1021, can still be found here. The building is part of the Presthaugen District Museum.
Lom stave church, which is located at Lom center, is believed to have been built in 1158, making 2008 the 850th anniversary. It was extended in 1634, with further addition of two naves in 1667. It is believed that the church was originally surrounded by a circumambulatory passage, like many other Norwegian stave churches, but that this passage was removed when the two side wings were added. A few Runic inscriptions can be still be seen in the church. The church also contains numerous paintings from the 17th and 18th centuries with religious motifs. Many of the paintings were made by local artist Eggert Munch, a distant relation of the famous Edvard Munch. The church also contains numerous examples of local woodcarving, as seen in the elaborate acanthus scrolls adorning the pulpit. Carved dragon figures on the roof are old symbols of protection against evil. It is still in use as the local church.
Lom is the "gateway" to the Jotunheimen Mountains and to Jotunheim National Park. The municipality contains the two highest peaks in Norway, Galdhøpiggen at 2,469 metres (8,100 ft) and Glittertind at 2,464 metres (8,084 ft), which lie within the park.
Lom is bordered on the northwest by the municipality of Skjåk, in the north by Lesja, in the east and southeast by Vågå, in the south by Vang all in Oppland county. In the southwest, it is bordered by Luster municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county. The village of Lom is situated in a valley at an elevation of 382 metres (1,253 ft) above sea level.
The climate is very continental by Norwegian standards. Average annual precipitation (in Fossbergom) is 321 millimetres (12.6 in), and monthly 24-hr averages range from −10 °C (14 °F) in January to 14 °C (57 °F) in July. Summers are often sunny with daytime temperatures typically ranging from 14 °C (57 °F) to 25 °C (77 °F). The large mountain areas in Lom are much colder and have more precipitation; snowy weather is possible even in summer at altitudes above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). Agriculture has for centuries used irrigation.
- Lom is the birthplace of the novelist Knut Hamsun, winner of the 1920 Nobel Prize in Literature. His childhood home can be seen 12 kilometers to the east of Lom center.
- The poet Olav Aukrust was born and lived in Lom. There is a memorial to him near the church.
- Erland Frisvold (1877–1971), politician and colonel, was born in Lom.
- Jakob Klukstad, who was the foremost Norwegian sculptor and painter of his period, was born 1705 in Lom.
- The Norwegian-American hotel manager Jørgine Boomer was born in Bøverdalen
- Tor Jonsson (1916–1951), poet and author and winner of The Norwegian Critics Prize for Literature was born and lived in Lom. His childhood cottage is part of the Lom District Museum on the sunny-side road (solsidevegen).
- Morten Schakenda
- Carl Gustav Sparre Olsen, composer
- Arne Brimi Chef
- Lom Stave Church
- Jotunheim National Park
- Norsk Fjellmuseum, the Norwegian Mountain Museum and information center for Jotunheim National Park
- Lom District Museum in Presthaugen – an open-air museum
- Fossheim Stone/Mineral Center
- Route 55 the Sognefjellsvegen from Lom over the Sognefjell (the highest mountain pass in Northern Europe)
- Knut Hamsun's cottage located at Garmostrædet
- The Sagasøyla Column in Bøverdalen
- Lom's irrigation canals
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
- Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 47.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- Mølmen 1996: 325
- "Met.no". Archived from the original on 4 February 2005.
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