Log pod Mangartom

Log pod Mangartom (pronounced [ˈloːk pɔd ˈmaːnɡaɾtɔm]; sometimes Log pod Mangrtom; Italian: Bretto[2]; German: Behrt), is a settlement in the Municipality of Bovec in the Littoral region of Slovenia. It comprises Gornji Log and Spodnji Log as well as the hamlets Loška Koritnica, Možnica and Pustina.

Log pod Mangartom
Log pod Mangartom
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°24′21.27″N 13°36′11.29″E
Country Slovenia
Traditional regionSlovenian Littoral
Statistical regionGorizia
MunicipalityBovec
Area
  Total40.55 km2 (15.66 sq mi)
Elevation
643.7 m (2,111.9 ft)
Population
 (2002)
  Total139
[1]

Geography

Log pod Mangartom lies in the Log Koritnica Valley (Slovene: Loška Koritnica) within Triglav National Park and is surrounded by 15 peaks with an elevation of over 2,000 m, giving it a unique atmosphere and making it an attractive starting point for hikers.[3] The Log Cliff (Slovene: Loška stena, Italian: Parete di Bretto[4]) rises directly southeast of Log pod Mangartom.[5] The road from Bovec to Tarvisio over the Predil Pass and the Predel Viaduct (the viaduct has the longest arch (85 m) in the Alps) runs through the settlement. Between Gornji Log and Spodnji Log is the entrance to the 4.5 km (2.8 mi.) Štoln drainage tunnel leading through Sheep Mountain (Slovene: Ovčja gora) of the Kolovrat Range to the former lead mine in Cave del Predil, Italy.

History

The Štoln Tunnel was opened in 1903 and was used for a railway during World War I.[6] It was later used for transport of miners and political refugees escaping from the Communist Yugoslavia. In November 2000, a landslide destroyed a large part of the village and took the lives of seven people.[7]

Church

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Stephen. It was built at the end of the 18th century and later rebuilt. Frescos by the Impressionist painter Ivan Grohar in the sanctuary depict the stoning of Saint Stephen. It also contains a late 15th-century wooden sculpture of The Virgin enthroned as Queen and a Baroque painting of Saint Sebastian.[8]

Mosque

The town is notable for once being the location of the Log pod Mangartom Mosque, which until 2013 was the only mosque ever built in Slovenia, erected by Bosniak Muslim troops in the service of Austria-Hungary during World War I. After the war, the mosque was abandoned and the deteriorating structure was demolished by the local Italian government, which had taken over the area.

Notable people

Notable people that were born or lived in Log pod Mangrtom include:

  • Zorko Jelinčič (1900–1965), alpinist and journalist[6]
  • Ivan Likar (a.k.a. Sočan) (1921–1991), People's Hero of Yugoslavia[6]
  • Mihael Strukel (1851–1922), civil engineer and technical writer[6]

References

  1. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. Flynn, Randall E., & Gerd Quinting. 1983. Gazetteer of Yugoslavia: A–L. Washington, DC: Defense Mapping Agency, p. 73.
  3. Bovec municipal site Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Buscaini, Gino. 1974. Alpi Giulie. Milan: Club Alpino Italiano, p. 408.
  5. Kladnik, Darinka. 1994. Sto slovenskih krajev. Ljubljana: Prešernova družba, p. 100.
  6. Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije. pp. 412–413.
  7. Šipec, Slavko (2001). "Naravne in druge nesreče v Sloveniji leta 2000" [Natural and Other Disasters and Incidences in Slovenia in 2000] (PDF). UJMA (in Slovenian). 15. Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief. p. 29. Retrieved 21 July 2009.
  8. Slovenian Tourist Association site

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