Lizette Woodworth Reese

Lizette Woodworth Reese (January 9, 1856 – December 17, 1935) was an American poet and teacher.

Lizette Woodworth Reese
Born(1856-01-09)January 9, 1856
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
DiedDecember 17, 1935(1935-12-17) (aged 79)
Resting placeSt. John's in the Village Church in Baltimore, Maryland

Reese was born in Maryland. She taught English for almost five decades in the schools of Baltimore.[1]

She developed, even in her childhood, a strong and vigorous faculty with lyrics. As an adult, her creations were commended by critics in Europe and the United States. In her use of the sonnet, Reese displayed skill and facility of execution. Her sonnet entitled "Tears" was characterized as having a pure John Miltonic note, above all in the preluding lines. This form of verse afforded a rich and stimulating field for Reese's rhythmic and metric capabilities. Among her published works, the strongest and most appealing include: "A Branch of May"; "A Handful of Lavender"; "A Quiet Road"; "The Cry of the Old House"; "Anne"; "Keats"; "The Daffodils"; "Trust"; "In Time of Grief"; "An English Missal"; and "A Celtic Maying Story". A biography of Reese, as well as a discriminating estimate of her poetic achievements, may be found in the Library of Southern Literature, by Letitia Humphreys Yonge Wrenshall of Baltimore. Though Reese was successful in prose as well as in poetry, the latter was her forté.[2]

Early years and education

Lizette Woodworth Reese was born in the then-suburban community of Waverly near Baltimore, Maryland, to Louisa Gabler and David Reese, who had fought with the Confederate Army in the Civil War. She had a twin sister named Sophia. Educated in Baltimore's public schools, Reese graduated from Eastern High School (Baltimore), where a memorial for her stands today.


After graduation, she became a school teacher at St. John's Parish School in 1873. The following year, Reese published her first poem, "The Deserted House," in Southern Magazine. She continued to publish in various magazines until her first self-published anthology, A Branch of May, in 1887. Subsequent books followed in 1891 and 1896, A Handful of Lavender and A Quiet Road, respectively. During the late 1890s and early 1900s, Reese wrote infrequently. However, her sonnet "Tears," published in Scribner's Magazine in 1899, garnered her praise and recognition, particularly from fellow Baltimore writer H. L. Mencken, who stated that Reese's work was “one of the imperishable glories of American literature." In 1918, Reese retired from teaching after having worked her last few years at Western High School (Baltimore).

In 1931, Reese was named poet laureate of Maryland by the General Federation of Women's Clubs. She was also honorary president of the Poetry Society of Maryland and a founding member of the Woman's Literary Club of Baltimore in 1890.[1]

Personal life

Reese died on December 17, 1935. She is buried at the St. John's Episcopal Church. After her death, one of Reese's friends, sculptor Grace Turnbull, was commissioned to create a monument to her work. The marble statue, entitled "The Good Shepherd," stands on the old grounds of Eastern High School, Reese's alma mater, in Waverly.[3]


  • A Branch of May (1887)
  • A Handful of Lavender (1891)
  • A Quiet Road (1896)
  • A Wayside Lute (1909)
  • Spicewood (1921)
  • Wild Cherry (1923)
  • The Selected Poems (1926)
  • Little Henrietta (1927)
  • Lizette Woodworth Reese: The Pamphlet Poets (1928)
  • A Victorian Village: Reminiscences of Other Days (1929), illustrated by J. J. Lankes
  • White April (1930)
  • The York Road (1931)
  • Pastures and Other Poems (1933)
  • The Old House in the Country (1936)


  1. "Lizette Woodworth Reese". Poetry Foundation. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  2. Shepherd 1911, p. 118.
  3. Kelly, Cindy. Outdoor Sculpture in Baltimore: A Historical Guide to Public Art in the Monumental City. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011: 9. ISBN 9780801897221


Further reading

  • Alexander Wirth (1937) Complete Bibliography of Lizette Woodworth Reese
  • Robert J. Jones, ed. (1992) In Praise of Common Things: Lizette Woodworth Reese Revisited
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