Livny

Livny (Russian: Ливны, IPA: [ˈlʲivnɨ]) is a town in Oryol Oblast, Russia. As of 2018, it had a population of 47,221.[8]

Livny

Ливны
View of the part of Livny located across the Sosna River

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Livny
Livny
Location of Livny
Livny
Livny (Oryol Oblast)
Coordinates: 52°25′26″N 37°35′59″E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectOryol Oblast[1]
Founded1586
Area
  Total32.1 km2 (12.4 sq mi)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
  Total50,343
  Estimate 
(2018)[3]
47,221 (-6.2%)
  Rank317th in 2010
  Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
  Capital oftown of oblast significance of Livny[1]
  Urban okrugLivny Urban Okrug[4]
  Capital ofLivny Urban Okrug[4], Livensky Municipal District[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK [6])
Postal code(s)[7]
303850
OKTMO ID54705000001

History

The town is believed to have originated in 1586 as Ust-Livny, a wooden fort on the bank of the Livenka River, although some believe that a town had existed on the spot previous to the Mongol invasion of Rus'. The fortress was important in guarding the southern border of the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the case of a Crimean Tatar raid along the Muravsky Trail.

Thirty years later, Ivan the Terrible sent prince Masalsky to build a town of Livny under the umbrella of a garrison stationed in the fort. It was pillaged and burnt by the Tatars on many occasions. In 1606, the citizens of Livny raised a rebellion against Boris Godunov, killing his governor and proclaiming their allegiance to False Dmitry I. Two years later, Ivan Bolotnikov chose it as a base of his military operations against Vasily IV.

In 1618, the wooden town was burnt by the Cossacks of Petro Konashevych. The Crimeans again attacked the town in 1661, burning it to the ground. As soon as the Tatar attacks ceased, the period of prosperity was ushered. In the 19th century, Livny rivaled Yelets as the main trade center of the area.

During World War II, Livny was occupied by the German Army from 26 November to 25 December 1941. Germany retook Livny (Lauen), briefly in 1942-1943.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Livny serves as the administrative center of Livensky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of oblast significance of Livny—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Livny is incorporated as Livny Urban Okrug.[4]

Miscellaneous

Near Livny, there is a 350-meter (1,150 ft) tall guyed TV tower, which was presumably built in 1979.

Notable people

Sergey Bulgakov, Orthodox theologian and philosopher, was a native of Livny.

See also

References

Notes

  1. Law #522-OZ
  2. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. Law #449-OZ
  5. Law #442-OZ
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ru:Ливны#cite note-2018AA-3

Sources

  • Орловский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №522-ОЗ от 6 июля 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Орловской области», в ред. Закона №1187-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2011 г «О внесении изменений в законодательные акты Орловской области». Вступил в силу с момента официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Орловская правда", №116, 13 июля 2005 г. (Oryol Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #522-OZ of July 6, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Oryol Oblast, as amended by the Law #1187-OZ of April 1, 2011 On Amending the Legislative Acts of Oryol Oblast. Effective as of the moment of the official publication.).
  • Орловский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №449-ОЗ от 19 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе и границе города Ливны как муниципального образования Орловской области», в ред. Закона №1078-ОЗ от 8 июня 2010 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Орловской области "О статусе и границе города Ливны как муниципального образования Орловской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Орловская правда", №211, 24 ноября 2004 г. (Oryol Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #449-OZ of November 19, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Town of Livny as a Municipal Formation of Oryol Oblast, as amended by the Law #1078-OZ of June 8, 2010 On Amending the Law of Oryol Oblast "On the Status and Borders of the Town of Livny as a Municipal Formation of Oryol Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Орловский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №442-ОЗ от 19 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Ливенского района Орловской области», в ред. Закона №1109-ОЗ от 3 сентября 2010 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Орловской области о статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Орловская правда", №211, 24 ноября 2004 г. (Oryol Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #442-OZ of November 19, 2004 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Livensky District of Oryol Oblast, as amended by the Law #1109-OZ of September 3, 2010 On Amending the Various Legislative Acts of Oryol Oblast on the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

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