Livesey Hall War Memorial

The Livesey Hall War Memorial commemorates the fallen of World War I and World War II who had been employed by the South Suburban Gas Company of London. It is also a tribute to those employees who served in the wars. The monument was designed and executed by British sculptor Sydney March, of the March family of artists.

Livesey Hall War Memorial
Livesey Hall War Memorial in the Sydenham area of Lewisham
Coordinates51°25′53″N -0°2′14″W
LocationLewisham, Greater London, England
DesignerSydney March
TypeMilitary
MaterialBronze and Limestone
Completion date1920
Opening date4 June 1920
Dedicated toEmployees of South Suburban Gas Company who served in World War I and World War II
National Historic List for England Grade II

Location

The Livesey Hall War Memorial is located in the Sydenham area of Lewisham, Greater London, England. The locality is also referred to as Catford. It is positioned on Perry Hill, in the Bell Green neighbourhood, in front of Livesey Memorial Hall.[1][2][3][4] Both structures take their name from philanthropist Sir George Thomas Livesey (1834–1908), former chairman of the South Metropolitan Gas Company, as does the Livesey Museum for Children.[5][6][7][8]

Design

The monument includes a bronze winged female figure with outstretched arms held aloft and wings spread horizontally. The triumphant Victory statue stands on a bronze globe encircled with serpents and set on a bronze wreathed base. This is all set on a semi-circular stone base to which a small bronze plaque was attached.[1] Three steps lead to a backdrop of vertical limestone slabs on which three bronze plaques were affixed, two on the front and one on the back. The inscriptions on the left hand panel on the front and the smaller panel in the centre dedicated the memorial to the partners and employees of the South Suburban Gas Company who died in the two world wars.[3] The inscriptions on the right hand panel on the front listed the names of the fallen. The panel also included a quote from English poet Rupert Brooke: "If I should die, think only this of me: that there's some corner of a foreign field that is forever England. There shall be in that rich earth a richer dust concealed."[3] The bronze plaque on the back of the monument lists the partners and employees of the company who served during World War I.[3]

Dedication

The Livesey Hall War Memorial, sometimes referred to as the Sydenham or Livesey War Memorial, was unveiled by Lord Robert Cecil (1864–1958) on 4 June 1920.[1][3] The British statesman helped draft the League of Nations Covenant in 1919 and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937.[9]

National Heritage List for England

The monument is a listed building. It was added as a Grade II structure on the National Heritage List for England on 25 April 1995. Its listing was amended on 30 August 1996.[1] George Livesey's statue by F. W. Pomeroy is also on the National Heritage List for England[10] as is Livesey Memorial Hall itself.[11]

Sculptor

The Livesey Hall War Memorial was designed and sculpted by British artist Sydney March.[1][3] The son of George and Elizabeth March, he was born in 1876 in Stoneferry, a suburb of Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. He was the second of nine children, eight of whom became artists. As a child, Sydney March worked as a monumental sculptor's apprentice.[12] Later, he attended the Royal Academy Schools, where he won first prize in 1900. March exhibited thirteen times at The Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts between 1906 and 1932.[13] His family established studios at their home of Goddendene in Farnborough, Kent after 1901.[14] Sydney March was a prolific artist whose primary focus was war memorials, as well as sculptures of British royalty and other contemporary figures.

He and his siblings completed the National War Memorial of Canada after the 1930 death of their brother, sculptor Vernon March.[15] Other monuments for which he is renowned include the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers South African War Memorial in Northern Ireland,[16] the United Empire Loyalist Monument in Canada,[17] and the Lancaster Monument in England.[18] Smaller-scale pieces include the portrait busts of King Edward VII[19] and Cecil John Rhodes,[20] both in the National Portrait Gallery in London. Sydney March died in 1968 at age 92.[21] His ashes were interred in the family plot at Saint Giles the Abbot Churchyard in Farnborough.[22] In 1922, Sydney had sculpted the bronze angel monument that marks the March plot.[13]

Theft of plaques

In October 2011, the three bronze plaques from the front of the monument were stolen.[3][23] Police in the Greater London area reported in late 2011 that incidents of metal theft began about 2006, but have increased since then. Thieves are not only stealing memorial plaques from monuments and cemeteries, but also other sources of metal such as roofs, manhole covers, and railway cable.[23]

See also

References

  1. Historic England. "Livesey Hall War Memorial (1253111)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  2. "Livesey Hall War Memorial, Catford". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  3. Sydenham, South Suburban Gas Works WW1 and WW2 War Memorial. "Lewisham War Memorials". lewishamwarmemorials.wikidot.com. Local History and Archives Centre, Lewisham Library. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  4. "GPS Coordinates, Map and Info". boulter.com. boulter.com geocaching. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  5. "History". liveseymuseum.org.uk. Livesey Museum for Children. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  6. "Southwark Council Statement on Livesey Museum". southwark.gov.uk. Southwark Council. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  7. "Obituary. Sir George Thomas Livesey, 1834–1908" (PDF). icevirtuallibrary.com. Institution of Civil Engineers. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  8. "Obituary. Sir George Thomas Livesey, 1834–1908". Icevirtuallibrary.com. Institution of Civil Engineers. 174 (1908): 378–380. 1908. doi:10.1680/imotp.1908.17565.
  9. "Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil". britannica.com. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  10. "Statue of George Livesey in the Forecourt of the Gas Works Offices, Camberwell". britishlistedbuildings. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  11. "Livesey Memorial Hall, Catford". britishlistedbuildings. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  12. March, Sidney. "1891 England Census". ancestry.com. Census Returns of England and Wales, 1891. The National Archives of the UK (as re-printed on Ancestry.com). Missing or empty |url= (help)
  13. March, Sydney. "Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain & Ireland 1851–1951". sculpture.gla.ac.uk. University of Glasgow History of Art and HATII. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  14. March, Sydney. "1901 England Census". ancestry.com. Census Returns of England and Wales, 1901. The National Archives, 1901 (as re-printed on Ancestry.com). Missing or empty |url= (help)
  15. Baker, Eamonn (15 July 2008). "Memorial to a celebrated sculptor". Derry Journal. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  16. "The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers South African War Memorial". omagh.gov.uk. Omagh District Council. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  17. "Loyalist Monuments – Hamilton UEL Monument". uelac.org. United Empire Loyalists' Association of Canada. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  18. "The Lancaster Monument, East Sheen Cemetery, Richmond". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  19. "King Edward VII". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  20. "Cecil John Rhodes". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  21. March, Sydney. "England & Wales, Death Index: 1916–2005". ancestry.com. England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes. General Register Office (as re-printed on Ancestry.com). Missing or empty |url= (help)
  22. "Burial and Cremation Records". farnborough-kent-parish.org. St. Giles the Abbot, Farnborough (Kent). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  23. "Metal Thieves across News Shopper area cashing in on lucrative business". News Shopper. 27 December 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
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