Liu Huaqing

Liu Huaqing (Chinese: 刘华清; October 1, 1916[1] – January 14, 2011) was a general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. He served as third Commander of the PLA Navy from 1982 through 1988, and is considered to have greatly contributed to the modernization of the Chinese Navy.

Liu Huaqing
Liu Huaqing in 1955
Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission
In office
State Commission:
28 March 1993  5 March 1998
Party Commission:
November 1989 18 September 1997
ChairmanJiang Zemin
Personal details
Born(1916-10-01)1 October 1916
Huang'an, Hubei, China
Died14 January 2011(2011-01-14) (aged 94)
Political partyCommunist Party of China
ChildrenLiu Zhuoming
Military service
Branch/service People's Liberation Army Ground Force
 People's Liberation Army Navy
Liu Huaqing
Traditional Chinese劉華清
Simplified Chinese刘华清

He had outlined a three-step process by which China would have a navy of global reach by the second half of the 21st century. In step one, from 2000 to 2010, China would develop a naval force that could operate up to the first island chain. In step two, from 2010 to 2020, China's navy would become a regional force capable of projecting force to the second island chain. In step three, to be achieved by 2040, China would possess a blue-water navy with aircraft carriers as its centerpiece.[2] He was a strong advocate of the Chinese aircraft carrier program.

Liu encouraged technological innovation within China that would increase naval capabilities, but he also advocated large foreign purchases. During the 1960s and 1970s, Liu was responsible for naval research and development before heading national military research.[3] He was also the top commander of the troops enforcing martial law to suppress the Tiananmen Square protests in June 3–4, 1989.[4] From 1992 to 1997 Liu was a member of the Politburo Standing Committee. He was the last Standing Committee member of a military background. Since he left the Standing Committee in 1997, no other military leader has sat on the committee.

Mr. Liu remained active through the mid-1990s and appeared in uniform at 2007 commemorations of the 80th anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army in Beijing.

Liu died on January 14, 2011 in Beijing.[5] Liu Huaqing's son, Liu Zhuoming, is a vice admiral of the PLA Navy.[6]


  2. Dooley, Howard J. (Spring–Summer 2012). "The Great Leap Outward: China's Maritime Renaissance". The Journal of East Asian Affairs. Institute for National Security Strategy. 26 (1): 71. JSTOR 23257908.
  3. Winterford, David (Winter 1993). "Chinese Naval Planning and Maritime Interests in the South China Sea: Implications for U.S. and Regional Security Policies". The Journal of American-East Asian Relations. Brill Publishers. 2 (4): 377. ISSN 1058-3947. JSTOR 23613016.
  4. 吴仁华. 《六四事件中的戒严部队》. 真相出版社. 2009.
  5. "China's former military leader passes away". People's Daily Online. January 14, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  6. Becker, Jeffrey; Liebenberg, David; Mackenzie, Peter (December 2013). "Behind the Periscope: Leadership in China's Navy". Defense Technical Information Center. p. 176.
Military offices
Preceded by
Ye Fei
Commander of the People's Liberation Army Navy
Succeeded by
Zhang Lianzhong

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