Lithium iodide

Lithium iodide, or LiI, is a compound of lithium and iodine. When exposed to air, it becomes yellow in color, due to the oxidation of iodide to iodine.[2] It crystallizes in the NaCl motif.[3] It can participate in various hydrates.[4]

Lithium iodide

__ Li+     __ I
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.030.735
Molar mass 133.85 g/mol
Appearance White crystalline solid
Density 4.076 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
3.494 g/cm3 (trihydrate)
Melting point 469 °C (876 °F; 742 K)
Boiling point 1,171 °C (2,140 °F; 1,444 K)
1510 g/L (0 °C)
1670 g/L (25 °C)
4330 g/L (100 °C) [1]
Solubility soluble in ethanol, propanol, ethanediol, ammonia
Solubility in methanol 3430 g/L (20 °C)
Solubility in acetone 426 g/L (18 °C)
50.0·10−6 cm3/mol
0.381 J/g K or 54.4 J/mol K
75.7 J/mol K
-2.02 kJ/g or −270.48 kJ/mol
-266.9 kJ/mol
Safety data sheet External MSDS
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other anions
Lithium fluoride
Lithium chloride
Lithium bromide
Lithium astatide
Other cations
Sodium iodide
Potassium iodide
Rubidium iodide
Caesium iodide
Francium iodide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YN ?)
Infobox references


Lithium iodide is used as an electrolyte for high-temperature batteries. It is also used for long-life batteries as required, for example, by artificial pacemakers. The solid is used as a phosphor for neutron detection.[6] It is also used, in a complex with Iodine, in the electrolyte of dye-sensitized solar cells.

In organic synthesis, LiI is useful for cleaving C-O bonds. For example, it can be used to convert methyl esters to carboxylic acids:[7]

RCO2CH3 + LiI → RCO2Li + CH3I

Similar reactions apply to epoxides and aziridines.

Lithium iodide was used as a radiocontrast agent for CT scans. Its use was discontinued due to renal toxicity. Inorganic iodine solutions suffered from hyperosmolarity and high viscosities. Current iodinated contrast agents are organoiodine compounds.[8]

See also


  1. Patnaik, Pradyot (2002) Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, ISBN 0-07-049439-8
  2. "Lithium iodide" (PDF). ESPI Corp. MSDS.
  3. Wells, A.F. (1984) Structural Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-855370-6.
  4. Wietelmann, Ulrich and Bauer, Richard J. (2005) "Lithium and Lithium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH: Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a15_393.
  5. Senga, Ryosuke; Suenaga, Kazu (2015). "Single-atom electron energy loss spectroscopy of light elements". Nature Communications. 6: 7943. doi:10.1038/ncomms8943. PMC 4532884. PMID 26228378.
  6. Nicholson, K. P.; et al. (1955). "Some lithium iodide phosphors for slow neutron detection". Br. J. Appl. Phys. 6 (3): 104–106. doi:10.1088/0508-3443/6/3/311.
  7. Charette, André B.; Barbay, J. Kent and He, Wei (2005) "Lithium Iodide" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rl121.pub2
  8. Lusic, Hrvoje; Grinstaff, Mark W. (2013). "X-ray-Computed Tomography Contrast Agents". Chemical Reviews. 113 (3): 1641. doi:10.1021/cr200358s. PMC 3878741. PMID 23210836.
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