List of wine-producing regions

This list of wine-producing regions catalogues significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. Wine grapes mostly grow between the 30th and the 50th degree of latitude, in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Grapes will sometimes grow beyond this range and minor amounts of wine are made in some very unexpected places.

In 2014, the five largest producers of wine in the world were, in order, Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China (see list of wine-producing countries for a complete rank).

Countries

The following is a list of the top wine-producing countries and their volume of wine production for the year 2014 in metric tonnes, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which is an agency of the United Nations; this is the latest information available from the FAO.

Their data show a total worldwide production of 31 million tonnes (1,000 kg) of wine (which roughly corresponds to 1,000 l) with the top 15 producing countries accounting for over 90% of the total.[1]

Wine production by country in 2014
RankCountry
(with link to wine article)
Production
(tonnes)
1 Italy4,796,900
2 Spain4,607,850
3 France4,293,466
4 United States3,300,000
5 China1,700,000
6 Argentina1,498,380
7 Chile1,214,000
8 Australia1,186,343
9 South Africa1,146,006
10 Germany920,200
11 Portugal603,327
12 Romania378,283
13 Greece334,300
14 Russia327,400
15 New Zealand320,400
16 Brazil273,100
17 Hungary258,520
18 Austria199,869
19 Serbia198,183
20 Moldova149,850
21 Bulgaria130,500
22 Georgia108,600
23 Switzerland93,365
24 Ukraine86,904
25 Japan85,000
26 Peru73,000
27 Uruguay72,500
28 Canada54,663
29 Algeria52,000
30 Czech Republic52,000
31 North Macedonia51,013
32 Croatia45,272
33 Turkey44,707
34 Mexico39,360
35 Turkmenistan39,000
36 Morocco37,000
37 Uzbekistan36,000
38 Slovakia32,527
39 Belarus29,980
40 Kazakhstan21,993
41 Tunisia21,500
42 Albania24,000
43 Montenegro16,000
44 Lebanon14,700
45 Slovenia13,229
46 Colombia13,000
47 Luxembourg12,494
48 Cuba12,080
49 Estonia11,104
50 Cyprus10,302
51 Azerbaijan9,512
52 Bolivia9,422
53 Madagascar8,350
54 Bosnia and Herzegovina7,524
55 Armenia6,174
56 Lithuania6,005
57 Egypt5,000
58 Israel5,000
59 Belgium2,900
60 Latvia2,450
61 Malta2,426
62 Zimbabwe1,750
63 Kyrgyzstan1,700
64 Paraguay1,500
65 Ethiopia1,297
66 Jordan550
67 United Kingdom425
68 Panama159
69 Tajikistan150
70 Liechtenstein79
71 Syria70
72 Poland49
73 Reunion30

Africa

Algeria

Cape Verde

Morocco

South Africa

Tunisia

Americas

Argentina

Bolivia

Brazil

Canada

Chile

Mexico

Peru

United States

Uruguay

Venezuela

The wine-producing enterprise for Venezuela can be found here.

Europe

Albania

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

  • Côtes de Sambre et Meuse, between the rivers Sambre et Meuse, since 2004
  • Hagelandse wijn, near Rotselaar/Leuven, since 1997
  • Haspengouw, Limburg, since 2000
  • Heuvelland, since 2005

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

France

Georgia

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Moldova

Montenegro

Netherlands

North Macedonia

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Banat wine regions:

Crişana wine regions:

Dobrogea wine regions:

Moldavia wine regions:

Muntenia wine regions:

Oltenia wine regions:

Transylvania wine regions:

Russia

Serbia

Slovakia

  • Malokarpatská (Small Carpathians)
  • Južnoslovenská (Southern Slovakia)
  • Nitrianska (region of Nitra)
  • Stredoslovenská (Central Slovakia)
  • Tokaj (Tokaj region of Slovakia)
  • Východoslovenská (Eastern Slovakia)
  • The whole of southern Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

  • Gutevin – Gotland

Switzerland

Turkey

  • White wine grapes:[11]
    • Altıntaş – Marmara region and Bozcaada
    • Beylerce – Bilecik area
    • Bornova Misketi – İzmir area
    • Emir – Nevşehir (Cappadocia) area
    • Hasandede – Ankara and central Anatolia
    • Narince – Tokat area
    • Rumi, Kabarcık, Dökülgen – Southeastern Anatolia region
    • Sultaniye – Aegean region
    • Yapıncak – Thracian region
  • Red wine grapes[11]
    • Adakarası – Marmara region and Avşa Island
    • Boğazkere – Elazığ and Diyarbakır areas
    • Çalkarası – Çal, Denizli area
    • Dimrit – central Anatolia and eastern Aegean region
    • Horozkarası, Sergikarası – southeastern Anatolia region
    • Kalecik Karası – Ankara area
    • Karalahna – Tekirdağ region
    • Karasakız – Çanakkale region
    • Öküzgözü – Elazığ area
    • Papazkarası – Kırklareli area

Ukraine

In Ukraine, at the present time there are seven administrative regions (provinces) in which the wine industry has developed. Given the favorable climatic location, the law of Ukraine allocated 15 winegrowing areas (macrozones), which are the basis for growing certain varieties of grapes, and 58 natural wine regions (microzones). These are located mainly in the following areas.

United Kingdom

In the UK, the area under vines is small, and whilst viticulture is not a major part of the rural economy, significant planting of new vines has occurred in the early 21st century. The greatest concentration of vineyards is found in the south east of England, in the counties of Hampshire, Kent, Surrey, and Sussex.

Asia

Burma

China

Regions producing native wines have been present since the Qin Dynasty,[12] with wines being brought to China from Persia. Some of the more famous wine-producing regions are:

With the import of Western wine-making technologies, especially French technology, production of wines similar to modern French wine has begun in many parts of China with the direction of experienced French wine-makers; China is now the sixth largest producer of wine in the world. The following regions produce significant quality of wine:

India

Indonesia

Indonesia has been producing wine for over 18 years, with North Bali's vineyards producing three main grape varieties: the Belgia, the Alphonse Lavallee and the Probolinggo Biru. The main producer, Hatten Wines, has revolutionized the world of winemaking, with eight wines produced from these three varieties.

Iran

Prior to the Iranian Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran was a producer of wine. While production has stopped, the vineyards continue to exist and their product has been diverted to non-alcoholic purposes.

Israel

Also includes wine regions in Israeli-occupied territories.

Japan

Kazakhstan

Republic of Korea

Lebanon

Palestinian territories

Syria

Vietnam

Oceania

Australia

Geographic indications for Australian wine are governed by law. The geographic indication must indicate where the grapes are grown, irrespective of where the wine itself is made. A geographic indication may be "Australia", "South Eastern Australia", a state name, zone, region or subregion if defined.[17]

The zones, regions and subregions in each state are listed below:

New South Wales

Queensland

South Australia

Adelaide Super Zone includes Mount Lofty Ranges, Fleurieu and Barossa wine zones.

Tasmania

Regions, no zones defined
  • Coal River
  • Derwent Valley
  • East Coast
  • North West
  • Pipers River
  • Southern
  • Tamar Valley

Victoria

Western Australia

New Zealand

GI stands for New Zealand Geographical Indication.

Notes

  1. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 14 later withdrew their recognition.

References

  1. "Wine production (tons)". Food and Agriculture Organization. 6 October 2015. p. 1. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  2. "The History of Vineyards in Algeria". Atlasian Cellars Meghdir & Sons. 2005. Retrieved 2005-04-07.
  3. http://www.czechtourism.com/a/prague-vineyards/
  4. "Schweiz Aargau und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  5. "Schweiz Bern und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  6. "Schweiz – Kt. Freiburg und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  7. "Schweiz – Kt. St.Gallen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  8. "Schweiz – Kt. Schaffhausen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  9. "Thurgau – Der Ostschweizer Kanton und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  10. "Zürich und seine Weingebiete – Wine of Zurich". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  11. "Grapes grown for wine production in Turkey". Yazgan Winery. 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
  12. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2007-11-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. Chinese Markets for Wines :wines-info Archived 2007-11-27 at the Wayback Machine
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2009-06-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Anseong Culture Tour". City of Anseong.
  16. Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Wine Korea Official Site of Korea Tourism Organization
  17. "Register of Protected Names Section (a) Australian GI". Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
  18. "Western Australia's Wine Regions". Western Australia. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
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