List of wildfires
This is a list of notable wildfires.
- 1987 – The Black Dragon Fire burnt a total of 72,884 square kilometres (28,141 sq mi) of forest along the Amur river, with three million acres (4687.5 square miles) destroyed on the Chinese side.
- During the 1997 Indonesian forest fires 97,000 km2 (37,000 sq mi) of forest were destroyed, more than 2.6 gigatonnes of CO2 was released to the atmosphere. There are other forest fires in Java and Sulawesi on the same year.
- Huge forest fires that officials deemed as "too furious for human intervention" burned 52,000 hectares of land in Sumatra and 138,000 hectares in Kalimantan. The haze covered countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, Burma, Philippines and also Vietnam. In Singapore, some of the 2015 FINA Swimming World Cup's events on 3 October 2015 were cancelled as the PSI was in the 'Unhealthy' range. In Thailand, the haze from Sumatra had turned most parts of southern Thailand such as Narathiwat, Pattani, Phuket, Satun, Songkhla, Surat Thani, Trang and Yala provinces unsightly, even reaching hazardous levels on 7 October. In Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City and other provinces in Southern Vietnam had been enveloped in fog since 4 December
- 1989 Mount Carmel forest fire
- 1995 Jerusalem forest fire
- The 2010 Mount Carmel forest fire in Israel, Started on 2 December 2010 and burned 41 km2 of forest, killing as many as 44 people, most of them Israel Prison Service officer cadets, when a bus evacuating them was trapped in flames.
- 22 November 2016 Haifa, Zikhron Ya'akov, Gilon wildfires
- April 2000, Gangwon-do Gangneung wildfire
- March 2013, Gyeongsangbukdo Pohang wildfire.
- April 2019, Gangwon Province wildfire. The wildfire lasted three days. This massive conflagration burned 1,307 acres of land and destroyed over 2,000 buildings. Around thirty people were injured and the fire resulted in two deaths.
According to the WTO in June 2019 arctic wildfires emitted 50 megatonnes of CO2. This was more than between 2010-2018 combined. Most carbon release was from Alaska and Siberia, but also included other arctic areas e.g. in Alberta. In Siberia temperature was about 10C higher in June 2019 than the average. In Alaska on the 4 July 2019 temperature was 32C (80F).
- July 2000: Fires in Southern Europe consumed forests and buildings in southern France, parts of Iberia, Corsica, and much of Italy including the southern part: caused by the heatwave dominating southern Europe, with 40 to 45 °C temperatures
- 2009 Mediterranean wildfires in France, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Turkey in July 2009
- The 1949 Landes Forest Fire burned 50.000 ha of forest land and killed 82 people.
- The 1983 Forest Fire burned 25.000 ha of forest land and killed 239 people.
- 2000 forest fires in Greece, a series of forest fires affected Greece including Agioi Theodoroi and eastern Corinthia at the beginning of July 2000
- 2005 East Attica Fire in Greece – Forest fires ravaged East Attica on 28 July 2005 from Agia Triada Rafinas to west of Rafina. The fires began at around 11:00 (EET/UTC+3) consuming 70 square kilometers of forests, properties and farmlands. The fire spread quickly after a few hours with winds of up to 55 to 70 km/h and spread near the suburban housings of Athens near Rafina causing dense smoke. The fire reached Kallitechnio and the settlements by around 3:30 (EET) and devastated homes leaving some people homeless and evacuated people in areas around Agia Triada Rafinas, Agia Kyriaki Rafinas, Kallitechnio, Loutsa, Neos Vourtzas and the Rafina area mostly on the hillside areas. Pine trees were devastated. Firefighters didn't put out the blaze until the winds calmed down around 5:00 (EET). It took hundreds of fire trucks, firefighters, planes, 65 firefighting helicopters from all over the surrounding areas and most of Greece to put out the blaze. A stretch of Marathonos Avenue became closed.
- 29 July 2005 – a day after the enormous Attica fire, another series of fires occurred throughout Greece, entirely in Preveza including Monolithi consuming properties and a campground, Ioannina and Xiromeni of Aetolia-Acarnania.
- 2007 Greek forest fires
- 2009 Greek forest fires
- 2012 Chios forest fire
- 2018 Greek wildfires
- 1992: Kuźnia Raciborska fire in Poland burned 90.62 km² of forest and killed two firefighters on 26 August 1992. A third casualty is often mentioned, but she did not die in the fire; she was involved in a collision with a fire engine that skidded.
- 1992: Puscza nad notecią fire in Poland burned 6 k HA of forest on 10 August 1992. This wildfire damaged 6.k HA of forest in 10 hours.
- 1921 Mari wildfires
- August 1935 – Kursha-2 settlement was burned out with 1200 victims.
- 2003 Russian wildfires - more than 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi), primarily Boreal forest, were burned in southern Siberia from 14 March-8 August. Direct carbon emissions were around 400-640 TgC.
- June – August 2010 – Drought and the hottest summer since records began in 1890 caused many devastating forest fires in European Russia.
- April 2015 – A series of wildfires in Southern Siberia killed 26 people and left thousands homeless.
- July- August 2019 Wildfires in Siberia: 27,000 km2 (2.7 Million hectares) were burning as of August,2, 2019 according to Russia's Federal Forestry Agency (3.3 Million hectares according to Greenpeace).
- 17 July 2005 – Guadalajara province, Spain, a 130 km2 forest fire and 11 dead firefighters. The fire brigade unit is not out of post because of this deadly toll. A barbecue sparked deadly blazes.
- September 2016 - the 2016 Benidorm forest fire burnt more than 800 hectares and destroyed at least twenty homes.
- June 2019 - 10,000 acres burning near Tarragona.
- 2019 Canary Islands wildfires
- May 2011 – Swinley Forest fire, Berkshire, England. Fire appliances from 12 counties attended over several days due to the large area of the fire. The fire service incident log for the call is over 500 pages long.
- 2018 United Kingdom wildfires e.g. Saddleworth Moor fire
- 2019 United Kingdom wildfires
Canada and the United States
|1825||3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha)||Miramichi Fire||New Brunswick||Killed between 160 and 300 people.|
|1845||1,500,000 acres (610,000 ha)||The Great Fire||Oregon|
|1853||450,000 acres (180,000 ha)||The Yaquina Fire||Oregon|
|1868||300,000 acres (120,000 ha)||The Coos Fire||Oregon|
|1870||964,000 acres (390,000 ha)||Saguenay Fire||Quebec|
|1871||1,200,000 acres (490,000 ha)||Peshtigo Fire||Wisconsin||Killed between 1,200 and 2,500 people and has the distinction of being the conflagration that caused the most deaths by fire in United States history. It was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.|
|1871||2,500,000 acres (1,000,000 ha)||The Great Michigan Fire||Michigan||It was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.|
|1876||500,000 acres (200,000 ha)||Bighorn Fire||Wyoming|
|1881||1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha)||Thumb Fire||Michigan||Killed 282 people|
|1889||300,000 acres (120,000 ha)||Santiago Canyon Fire of 1889||California|
|1894||160,000 acres (65,000 ha)||Hinckley Fire||Minnesota||Killed 418+ people and destroyed 12 towns|
|1898||2,500,000 acres (1,000,000 ha)||South Carolina|
|1902||238,900 acres (96,700 ha)||Yacolt Burn||Washington (state) and Oregon||65+ deaths|
|1903||464,000 acres (188,000 ha)||Adirondack Fire||New York|
|1908 Fernie Fire||British Columbia||Town of Fernie, BC destroyed. 22 casualties reported. Cause: logging slash.|
|1910||3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha)||Great Fire of 1910||Idaho and |
|87 people (incl. 78 firefighters) killed and several towns destroyed across North Idaho and Western Montana. ~2,000 separate blazes burned an area the size of Connecticut in what is believed to be the largest fire in U.S. history.|
|1911||500,000 acres (200,000 ha)||Great Porcupine Fire||Ontario||Killed between 73 and 200 people|
|1916||500,000 acres (200,000 ha)||Great Matheson Fire||Ontario||Killed 223 people according to official figures, and destroyed several towns, Cochrane burnt again after just five years.|
|1918||100,000 acres (40,000 ha)||Cloquet Fire||Minnesota and|
|Killed 453 people|
|Great Fire of 1919||Alberta and Saskatchewan||Spanning from Lac La Biche, AB to almost Prince Albert, SK. Village of Lac La Biche destroyed. 300+ people homeless. An estimated $200,000 in property damage.|
|1922||415,000 acres (168,000 ha)||Great Fire of 1922||Ontario||Killed 43 people and burnt through 18 townships in the Timiskaming District|
|1923||Giant Berkeley Fire||California||Leveled 50 city blocks, destroying 624 buildings|
|1932||220,000 acres (89,000 ha)||Matilija Fire||California|
|1933||47 acres (19 ha)||1933 Griffith Park Fire||California||Killed 29 firefighters and injured more than 150|
|1937||1,700 acres (690 ha)||Blackwater Creek Fire||Wyoming||Killed 15 firefighters|
|1947||175,000 acres (71,000 ha)||The Great Fires of 1947||Maine||A series of fires that lasted ten days; 16 people killed. Forest fire destroyed part of Bar Harbor and damaged Acadia National Park.|
|1948||645,000 acres (261,000 ha)||Mississagi/Chapleau fire||Ontario|
|1949||4,500 acres (1,800 ha)||Mann Gulch fire||Montana||12 firefighters who parachuted near the fire and 1 forest ranger died after being overtaken by a 200-foot wall of fire at the top of a gulch near Helena, Montana.|
|1950||3,500,000 acres (1,400,000 ha)||Chinchaga Fire||British Columbia and Alberta||Largest single North American fire on record. The B.C. portion was just 90,000 ha.|
|1953||1,300 acres (530 ha)||Rattlesnake Fire||California||Killed 15 firefighters. Well known textbook case used to train firefighters.|
|1956||40,000 acres (16,000 ha)||Cleveland National Fire||California||Started November 25th. Fire destroyed 40,000 acres in Cleveland National Forest and caused 11 deaths.|
|1958||558,260 acres (225,920 ha)||Kech Fire||British Columbia||Largest wildfire in BC history until the 2017 Plateau Fire of 521,012 hectares.|
|1961||16,090 acres (6,510 ha)||Bel Air Fire||California||484 homes destroyed and ~112 injuries.|
|1963||183,000 acres (74,000 ha)||Black Saturday Fire||New Jersey||400 buildings destroyed and 7 people killed.|
|1970||175,425 acres (70,992 ha)||Laguna Fire||California||382 homes destroyed and 8 people killed.|
|1977||10,000 acres (4,000 ha)||Marble Cone Fire||California||Vandenberg Air Force Base, 4 people killed including the base commander, and two fire chiefs.|
|1983||45,000 acres (18,000 ha)||Swiss Fire||British Columbia||Houston, British Columbia, destroyed 7 residences|
|1985||93,000 acres (38,000 ha)||Allen Fire||North Carolina||In 1985, nearly 93,000 acres of forest, wetlands and farmland burned in northeastern North Carolina in one of the biggest fires in modern state history|
|1987||650,000 acres (260,000 ha)||Siege of 1987||California and Oregon||These fires were started by a large lightning storm in late August. The storm started roughly 1600 new fires, most caused by dry lightning.|
|1988||793,880 acres (321,270 ha)||Yellowstone fires of 1988||Wyoming and|
|Never controlled by firefighters; only burned out when a snowstorm hit.|
|The Manitoba Fires||Manitoba||1147 wildfires in central and northern Manitoba in the spring & summer of 1989. 24,500 people evacuated from 32 communities. Over 100 homes destroyed. Worst fire season in province's history. Cause: severe drought, human and natural ignition sources.|
|1990||5,000 acres (2,000 ha)||Painted Cave Fire||California||1 death and 430 buildings burned in this arson fire near Santa Barbara|
|1991||1,520 acres (620 ha)||Oakland Hills firestorm||California||Killed 25 and destroyed 3469 homes and apartments within the cities of Oakland and Berkeley|
|1993||14,337 acres (5,802 ha)||Laguna Beach Fire||California||Destroyed 441 homes, burned 14,337 acres causing $528,000,000 in damage.|
|1994||2,115 acres (856 ha)||South Canyon fire||Colorado||Killed 14 firefighters|
|1995||12,354 acres (4,999 ha)||Mount Vision Fire||California||45 homes destroyed|
|1996||37,336 acres (15,109 ha)||Miller's Reach Fire||Alaska||Most destructive wildfire in Alaska history. 344 structures destroyed.|
|1998||506,000 acres (205,000 ha)||1998 Florida wildfires||Florida||4899 fires, burned 342 homes, $390 million timber lost.|
|Silver Creek Fire||British Columbia||Immediately SW of Salmon Arm, BC. Cause was lightning. Approximately 7,000 people evacuated. Over 40 buildings destroyed. It cost over $10,000,000 to extinguish.|
|1999||140,948 acres (57,040 ha)||Big Bar Complex Fire||California||Started August 1999|
|2000||48,000 acres (19,000 ha)||Cerro Grande Fire||New Mexico||Burned about 420 dwellings in Los Alamos, New Mexico, damaged >100 buildings at Los Alamos National Laboratory; $1 billion damage, second worst fire in state's recorded history|
|2001||9,300 acres (3,800 ha)||Thirty Mile Fire||Washington||Killed 4 firefighters|
|2002||92,000 acres (37,000 ha)||Ponil Complex Fire||New Mexico||also called the Philmont Fire.|
|2002||150,700 acres (61,000 ha)||McNally Fire||California||Largest fire in Sequoia National Forest history.|
|2002||467,066 acres (189,015 ha)||Rodeo-Chediski fire||Arizona||Threatened, but did not burn the town of Show Low, Arizona|
|2002||137,760 acres (55,750 ha)||Hayman Fire in Pike National Forest||Colorado||The largest wildfire in Colorado's history. Five firefighter deaths, 600 structures fires|
|2002||499,750 acres (202,240 ha)||Florence/Sour Biscuit Complex Fire||Oregon||150 million dollars to suppress.|
|2003||84,750 acres (34,300 ha)||Aspen Fire||Arizona||Destroyed large portions of Summerhaven, Arizona|
|2003||61,776 acres (25,000 ha)||Okanagan Mountain Park Fire||British Columbia||Displaced 45,000 inhabitants, destroyed 239 homes and threatened urbanized sections of Kelowna.|
|2003||90,769 acres (36,733 ha)||B&B Complex fires||Oregon||Burned along the crest of the Cascade Mountains between Mount Washington and Mount Jefferson including 40,419 acres (163.57 km2) within the Mount Jefferson Wilderness.|
|2003||91,281 acres (36,940 ha)||Old Fire||California||993 homes destroyed, 6 deaths. Simultaneous with the Cedar Fire.|
|2003||273,246 acres (110,579 ha)||Cedar Fire (2003)||California||Third largest recorded fire in modern California history; burned 2,232 homes and killed 15 in San Diego County.|
|2004||1,305,592 acres (528,354 ha)||Taylor Complex Fire||Alaska||Largest wildfire by acreage of 1997–2007 time period|
|2006||40,200 acres (16,300 ha)||Esperanza Fire||California||Arson-caused wildfire that killed 5 firefighters and destroyed 34 homes and 20 outbuildings.|
|2006||160,000 acres (65,000 ha)||Day Fire||California||1 residence burned, no casualties.|
|2007||564,450 acres (228,420 ha)||Sweat Farm Road/Big Turnaround Complex Fire||Georgia||Largest recorded fire in Georgia history. 26 structures were lost.|
|2007||124,584 acres (50,417 ha)||Florida Bugaboo Fire||Florida||Largest fire on record in Florida.|
|2007||18,000 acres (7,300 ha)||Warren Grove Fire||New Jersey||Forest fire in the New Jersey Pine Barrens caused by a flare form an F-16 jet. Destroyed 4 homes, damaged 53 homes, injured 2.|
|2007||363,052 acres (146,922 ha)||Milford Flat Fire||Utah||Largest fire on record in Utah.|
|2007||653,100 acres (264,300 ha)||Murphy Complex Fire||Idaho and Nevada|
|2007||240,207 acres (97,208 ha)||Zaca Fire||California||Started July 2007. Second largest California fire at the time after the Cedar fire of 2003.|
|2007||972,000 acres (393,000 ha)||California wildfires of October 2007||California||A series of wildfires that killed 9 people and injured 85 (including 61 firefighters). Burned at least 1,500 homes from the Santa Barbara County to the U.S.–Mexico border.|
|2008||41,534 acres (16,808 ha)||Evans Road Wildfire||North Carolina||Peat fire started on 1 June by lightning strike during North Carolina's drought – the worst on record.|
|2008||1,557,293 acres (630,214 ha)||Summer 2008 California wildfires||California||In Northern California, the fires were mostly started by lightning. In Santa Barbara (Southern California), the Gap fire endangered homes and lives. The Basin Complex and Gap fire were the highest priority fires in the state at this time.|
|2009||19,130 acres (7,740 ha)||Highway 31 Fire||South Carolina||Brush fire in Myrtle Beach, the most destructive fire in terms of loss in state history. Destroyed 76 homes and damaged 97.|
|2009||164,500 acres (66,600 ha)||Brittany Triangle Fire||British Columbia||Also known as the Lava Canyon fire this was the largest fire in BC in 2009. Started 31 July by lightning this fire made news when it threatened a wild horse population.|
|2010||98,842 acres (40,000 ha)||Binta Lake Fire||British Columbia||BC's largest blaze of 2010, resulted in evacuation orders and alerts. Burned 70,000 acres in a 12-hour period.|
|2011||538,049 acres (217,741 ha)||Wallow Fire||Arizona and New Mexico||The largest fire in Arizona state history. In one 24-hour burn period (6/6-6/7), it consumed 77769 acres of forest land.|
|2011||34,000 acres (14,000 ha)||Bastrop County Complex fire||Texas||The worst fire in Texas state history, destroyed over 1500 homes|
|2011||1,748,636 acres (707,648 ha)||Richardson Backcountry Fire||Alberta||The largest Canadian fire since 1950.|
|2011||156,293 acres (63,250 ha)||Las Conchas Fire||New Mexico||Second largest fire in New Mexico state history. 63 homes lost. Threatened Los Alamos National Laboratory.|
|2011||12,000 acres (4,900 ha)||Slave Lake Wildfire||Alberta||Burned through Slave Lake, Alberta, Canada and its surrounding area from 14 May 2011 through 16 May 2011. The fire destroyed roughly one-third of Slave Lake and cost $1.8 billion.|
|2012||289,478 acres (117,148 ha)||Whitewater-Baldy Complex Fire||New Mexico||Largest wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Gila Wilderness as two separate fires that converged, both started by lightning. Destroyed 12 homes in Willow Creek, NM.|
|2012||44,330 acres (17,940 ha)||Little Bear Fire||New Mexico||Most destructive wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Lincoln National Forest and was started by lightning.|
|2012||87,284 acres (35,323 ha)||High Park Fire||Colorado||Started by lightning, it is the second largest wildfire in Colorado state history by size.|
|2012||18,247 acres (7,384 ha)||Waldo Canyon Fire||Colorado||Rampart Range and West Colorado Springs with 346 homes destroyed primarily in the Mountain Shadows neighborhood, it is the second most destructive fire in state history. Two fatalities reported.|
|2012||248,000 acres (100,000 ha)||Ash Creek Fire||Montana|
|2012||719,694 acres (291,250 ha)||Long Draw Fire and Miller Homestead Fire||Oregon||Oregon's largest fire in 150 years.|
|2012||332,000 acres (134,000 ha)||Mustang Complex Wildfire||Idaho|
|2012||315,557 acres (127,701 ha)||Rush Fire||California and Nevada|
|2013||14,198 acres (5,746 ha)||Black Forest Fire||Colorado||North of Colorado Springs, Large, fast-spreading fire due to dry conditions, high heat and restless winds. Destroyed 509 homes and left 17 homes partially damaged. As of 13 June 2013 it became the most destructive fire in Colorado state history.|
|2013||1,300 acres (530 ha)||Yarnell Hill Fire||Arizona||19 firefighters killed on 30 June 2013.|
|2013||617,763 acres (250,000 ha)||Quebec Fire||Quebec||Over 300 evacuated.|
|2013||253,332 acres (102,520 ha)||Rim Fire||California||Occurred in Yosemite National Park. Biggest wildfire on record in the Sierra Nevada, and fourth largest wildfire in California history. Started 17 August 2013 and was contained on 24 October 2013.|
|2014||252,000 acres (102,000 ha)||Carlton Complex Fire||Washington||Four wildfires merged to become the largest single wildfire in Washington state history. (Of the 3,000,000 acres Great Fire of 1910, only 150,000 acres were in Washington.)|
|2014||8,400,000 acres (3,400,000 ha)||2014 Northwest Territories fires||Northwest Territories||Said to have been the largest set of wildfires in 30 years in the Northwest Territories. Total cost of firefighting was between C$55 and C$56 million compared to the normal budget C$7.5 million. There were no reported deaths.|
|2015||302,224 acres (122,306 ha)||Okanogan Complex||Washington||The largest wildfire complex in Washington state history.|
|2016||367,620 acres (148,770 ha)||Anderson Creek Fire||Kansas and Oklahoma||Largest wildfire in Kansas history.|
|2016||1,466,990 acres (593,670 ha)||Fort McMurray Wildfire||Alberta and Saskatchewan||Largest fire evacuation in Alberta history (88,000 on 3 May, a further 8,000 on 16 May). Over 2,400 homes and buildings destroyed. Costliest disaster in Canadian history.|
|2017||3,004,932 acres (1,216,053 ha)||2017 British Columbia wildfires||British Columbia||The 2017 BC fire season is notable for three reasons; first, for the largest total area burnt in a fire season in recorded history; second, for the largest number of total evacuees in a fire season (Estimated 65,000 evacuees); and third, for the largest single fire ever in British Columbia.|
|2017||1,295,000 acres (524,000 ha)||2017 Montana wildfires||Montana||Contained thanks to the rain and snow by mid-September.|
|2017||240,000 acres (97,000 ha)||October 2017 Northern California wildfires||California||The October 2017 Northern California wildfires were a large group of forest fires that killed 44 people and destroyed 8,900 structures.|
|2017||281,893 acres (114,078 ha)||Thomas Fire||California||Largest wildfire in modern California history at the time (see 1889 Santiago Canyon fire that may have been larger). Spread fast due to strong winds and unusual dry weather in December.|
|2018||3,346,508 acres (1,354,284 ha)||2018 British Columbia wildfires||British Columbia||Initial estimates put 2018 as the largest total burn-area in any British Columbia wildfire season, surpassing the historic 2017 wildfire season.|
|2018||459,102 acres (185,792 ha)||Mendocino Complex Fire||California||229 structures destroyed, 2 reported deaths|
|2018||229,651 acres (92,936 ha)||Carr Fire||California||1,604 structures destroyed, 8 reported deaths|
|2018||96,949 acres (39,234 ha)||Woolsey Fire||California||1,643 structures destroyed, 3 fatalities, 5 injuries|
|2018||149,000 acres (60,000 ha)||Camp Fire||California||18,804 structures destroyed, 85 confirmed deaths, 2 missing, 17 injured, deadliest and most destructive wildfire in California to date.|
There was a large wildfire between Sisimiut and Kangerlussuaq from July to August 2019. It was put out by members of Beredskabsstyrelsen, who were flown in.
- Black Thursday bushfires of 1851 (Victoria)
- Black Friday bushfires of 1939 (Victoria)
- Black Sunday bushfires of 1955 (South Australia)
- 1961 Western Australian bushfires
- Black Tuesday bushfires of 1967 (Tasmania)
- Ash Wednesday bushfires of 1980 and 1983 (Victoria and South Australia)
- 1994 Eastern seaboard fires
- Black Christmas bushfires 2001–2002
- Canberra bushfires of 2003
- Black Tuesday bushfire of 2005 (Eyre Peninsula South Australia)
- Mount Lubra bushfire of 2006
- Black Saturday bushfires of 2009 (Victoria)
- 2015 Sampson Flat bushfires of 2015 (South Australia)
- 2015 Pinery bushfire of 2015 (South Australia)
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