List of volcanoes in New Zealand

This is a list of active, dormant, and extinct volcanoes in New Zealand.

Kermadec Arc and Havre Trough

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Brothers volcano-1350-4400--
Clark (volcano)-860-280036.446°S 177.839°E / -36.446; 177.839 (Clark)-
Cole (volcano)----
Cotton (volcano)-950-310035.05°S 178.99°E / -35.05; 178.99 (Cotton)-
Curtis Island13744930.542°S 178.561°E / -30.542; 178.561 (Curtis Island)-
Gamble (volcano)----
Giggenbach (volcano)-65-21030.036°S 178.712°E / -30.036; 178.712 (Giggenbach)-
Havre Seamount--31°07′13″S 179°58′07″W2012
Healy (volcano)-1150-380034.98°S 179.00°E / -34.98; 179.00 (Healy)1360
Hinepuia (volcano)----
Hinetāpeka (volcano)----
Macauley Island23878130.20°S 178.47°E / -30.20; 178.47 (Macauley Island)Holocene
Monowai Seamount-100-33025.887°S 177.188°E / -25.887; 177.188 (Monowai Seamount)2008
Pūtoto (volcano)----
Rakahore (volcano)----
Rumble I-1100-361035.5°S 178.9°E / -35.5; 178.9 (Rumble I)-
Rumble II-880-289035.4°S 178.6°E / -35.4; 178.6 (Rumble II)-
Rumble III-140-45935.745°S 178.478°E / -35.745; 178.478 (Rumble III)1986
Rumble IV-450-147636.13°S 178.05°E / -36.13; 178.05 (Rumble IV)-
Rumble V-1100-361036.139°S 178.197°E / -36.139; 178.197 (Rumble V)-
Raoul Island516169329.2689°S 177.9279°E / -29.2689; 177.9279 (Raoul Island)2006
Silent I[1]----
Silent II[1]----
Tangaroa (volcano)-600-200036.321°S 178.028°E / -36.321; 178.028 (Tangaroa)-
Volcano W-900-300031.85°S 179.18°E / -31.85; 179.18 (Volcano W)-
Wright (volcano)-750-250031.5°S 179.2°E / -31.5; 179.2 (Wright)-


North Island

Taupo Volcanic Zone

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Putauaki (Mt Edgecumbe)867-38.1°S 176.8°E / -38.1; 176.8 (Mount Edgecumbe)~ 300 BC[2]
Hauhungatahi1521499039.23°S 175.44°E / -39.23; 175.44 (Hauhungatahi)-
Kawerau----
Manawahe37.9639°S 176.6713°E / -37.9639; 176.6713 (Manawahe)~ 400,000 years ago[3]
Maungakakaramea / Rainbow Mountain743243738.319°S 176.388°E / -38.319; 176.388 (Rainbow Mountain)
Maungaongaonga509167038.326°S 176.345°E / -38.326; 176.345 (Maungaongaonga)
Maroa Caldera1156379338.42°S 176.08°E / -38.42; 176.08 (Maroa)180
Mount Maunganui232-37.630°S 176.171°E / -37.630; 176.171 (Mt Manganui)-
Mayor Island/Tuhua338116537°17′S 176°15′E4390 BC ± 200 years
Mokoia Island----
Mount Ngauruhoe2291751639.8°S 175.39°E / -39.8; 175.39 (Ngauruhoe)1977
Mount Ngongotaha487---
Okataina Caldera1111364538.12°S 176.50°E / -38.12; 176.50 (Okataina)1973
Pihanga1325434739°02′28.75″S 175°46′7″E-
Reporoa Caldera592194238.42°S 176.33°E / -38.42; 176.33 (Reporoa Caldera)1180 (hydrothermal)
Lake Rotorua757248438.08°S 176.27°E / -38.08; 176.27 (Lake Rotorua)Pleistocene
Mount Ruapehu2797917739.18°S 175.35°E / -39.18; 175.35 (Mount Ruapehu)2007
Tama Lakes----
Mount Tarawera (part of the Okataina caldera)1111364438.22°S 176.5°E / -38.22; 176.5 (Mount Tarawera)1886
Mount Tauhara10873569-Pleistocene
Lake Taupo760249338.82°S 176.00°E / -38.82; 176.00 (Lake Taupo)181
Mount Tongariro1968645639°8′S 175°39′E2012
Waiotapu592194238.42°S 176.33°E / -38.42; 176.33 (Waiotapu)1180
Whakaari/White Island321105337.52°S 177.18°E / -37.52; 177.18 (White Island)2019
Moutohora Island354116137.858°S 176.98°E / -37.858; 176.98 (Whale Island)Pleistocene
Whakamuru----
Whakatane volcano-980-320036.8°S 177.5°E / -36.8; 177.5 (Whakatane volcano)-

Elsewhere

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Auckland volcanic field26085336.90°S 174.87°E / -36.90; 174.87 (Auckland volcanic field)1421
Bombay Hills---500,000 years ago
Gannet Island---500,000 years ago
Little Barrier Island7222360-1.5 million years ago
Kaikohe-Bay of Islands volcanic field388127335.30°S 173.90°E / -35.30; 173.90 (Kaikohe)400 ± 300 years
Kaitake---500,000 years ago
Kakepuku 449 1473 38°04′S 175°15′E 1.6 million years ago
Karioi756248037.50°S 174.49°E / -37.50; 174.49 (Karioi)2.4 million years ago
Manukau volcano4741555-16 million years ago
Maungatautari7972615--
Mount Pirongia9623156--
Paritutu and the Sugar Loaf Islands153--1.7 million years ago[4]
Poor Knights Islands---4 million years ago
Pouakai---240,000 years ago
Rangitoto Island (part of the Auckland volcanic field)26085336°47′13″S 174°51′29″E1350
Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont2518826139.3°S 174.1°E / -39.3; 174.1 (Mount Taranaki)1755
Whangarei volcanic field397130235.75°S 174.27°E / -35.75; 174.27 (Whangarei)-

South Island

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metersfeetCoordinates
Akaroa Volcano--43°48′S 172°57′EMiocene
Lyttelton Volcano919301043°36′S 172°43′EMiocene
Mount Horrible (near Timaru)--44°23′S 171°3′E2 million years ago [5]
Dunedin Volcano680221845°49′S 170°39′Ec. 10 million years ago [6]

Other

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metersfeetCoordinates
Antipodes Islands402131949.68°S 178.77°E / -49.68; 178.77 (Antipodes Islands)Holocene
Auckland Island650198150.69°S 166.08°E / -50.69; 166.08 (Auckland Island)Miocene[7]
Pitt Island24179144.18°S 176.13°W / -44.18; -176.13 (Pitt Island)Ancient
Mount Dick (Adams Island)[8]705231350°52′28″S 166°4′55″E-
Solander Islands330108046°34′S 166°53′EPleistocene

Ross Dependency

New Zealand also has de facto administration over Ross Dependency in Antarctica, which contains the following volcanoes:

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metersfeetCoordinates
Mount Bird (Ross Island)1765579177°16′S 166°45′E3.8 million years ago[9]
Brown Peak (Sturge Island, Balleny Islands)1500500067°24′S 164°50′E2001
Buckle Island (Balleny Islands)1239406566°48′S 163°15′E1899
Mount Discovery (Scott Coast)2681879678°22′S 166°01′E1.8 million years ago[10]
Mount Erebus (Ross Island)37941244877°32′S 167°17′E2008 (continuing)
Mount Terror (Ross Island)32301059777°31′S 168°32′E~ 800,000 years ago
Young Island (Balleny Islands)1340439666°25′S 162°27′E-

References

  1. John H. Latter, Edwards F. Lloyd, Ian E.M. Smith, and Simon Nathan. () New Zealand's volcanoes: Kermadec Islands Archived 2010-05-22 at the Wayback Machine. Volcanic Hazards Working Group, Civil Defence Scientific Advisory Committee.
  2. "Okataina: Eruptive History". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  3. Nairn, I.A.; Beanland, S. (1989). "Geological setting of the 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake, New Zealand". New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 32: 1–13. doi:10.1080/00288306.1989.10421383. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  4. Price, R. C; R. B. Stewart; J. D. Woodhead; I. E. M. Smith (1999). "Petrogenesis of High-K Arc Magmas: Evidence from Egmont Volcano, North Island, New Zealand" (PDF). Journal of Petrology. 40 (1): 167–197. doi:10.1093/petrology/40.1.167.
  5. Wilson, John (2009). "South Canterbury region – Landscape and geology". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  6. Bishop, D.G., and Turnbull, I.M. (compilers) (1996). Geology of the Dunedin Area. Lower Hutt, NZ: Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences. ISBN 0-478-09521-X.
  7. Adams, C.J (1983). "Age of the volcanoes and granite basements of the Auckland Islands, Southwest Pacific". New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 26: 227–237. doi:10.1080/00288306.1983.10422237.
  8. Auckland Islands Archived 2009-03-20 at Archive.today. Polar Conservation Organisation.
  9. "Mount Bird, Ross Island, Antarctica," http://volcano.oregonstate.edu. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  10. "Mount Discovery, Antarctica," http://volcano.oregonstate.edu. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
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