List of volcanoes in Australia

This is a list of active, dormant and extinct volcanoes in Australia and its island territories. Note that the term volcano is used loosely as it can include groups of related volcanoes and vents that erupted at similar times with lava of related origin. The lists provided below are mainly volcanoes of Cenozoic aged, with some notable older (Mesozoic and Paleozoic aged) volcanoes included. There are no volcanoes on the Australian mainland that have erupted since European settlement, but some volcanoes in Victoria, South Australia, and North Queensland were witnessed by Aboriginal people several thousand years ago. There are active volcanoes in the Heard and McDonald Islands.

Australian states

Queensland

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Atherton Volcano17.5°S 144.5°E / -17.5; 144.5 (Atherton Volcano)Less than 100,000 years ago[1]
Lake Barrine73017.2°S 145.4°E / -17.2; 145.4 (Lake Barrine)>17,000 years ago[1]
Bauhinia Volcano24.8°S 149.5°E / -24.8; 149.5 (Bauhinia Volcano)23–25 million years ago
Brisbane Volcano27.7°S 152.6°E / -27.7; 152.6 (Brisbane Volcano)16–62 million years ago
Buckland
Bundaberg Volcano
Bunya Mountains26.9°S 151.8°E / -26.9; 151.8 (Bunya Mountains)23 million years ago
Chudleigh Volcano10.5°S 144.2°E / -10.5; 144.2 (Chudleigh Volcano)250,000 years ago
Lake Eacham17.2°S 145.6°E / -17.2; 145.6 (Lake Eacham)>9,000 years ago[1]
Malanda Volcano120017.5°S 145.5°E / -17.5; 145.5 (Malanda Volcano)3 million years ago
Mount Fox18.50°S 145.47°E / -18.50; 145.47 (Mount Fox)
Mount Hay
Fraser Volcano 25.0°S 153.35°E / -25.0; 153.35 (Hillsborough Volcano) 31 million years ago[2]
Hillsborough Volcano21.0°S 149.0°E / -21.0; 149.0 (Hillsborough Volcano)33.2 million years ago
Sloping Hummock9024°50′33″S 152°25′35″E
The Crater (Mount Hypipamee)1,00017.2°S 145.2°E / -17.2; 145.2 (Mount Hypipamee Crater)
The Crater (Bombarri Mountain)1,00019.6°S 144.3°E / -19.6; 144.3 (Bombarri Mountin Crater)
Kinrara Volcano18.3°S 144.6°E / -18.3; 144.6 (Kinrara Volcano)7,000 years ago[3]
Main Range Volcano27.9°S 152.4°E / -27.9; 152.4 (Main Range Volcano)23–27 million years ago[4]
Mount Le Brun25°35′52″S 151°54′32″EOver 600,000 years ago
Mount McBride91118.3°S 144.6°E / -18.3; 144.6 (Mount McBride)1.7 million years ago
McLean Volcano15.8°S 144.8°E / -15.8; 144.8 (McLean Volcano)Less than 1 million years ago
Mingela
Mitchell Volcano26.0°S 148.2°E / -26.0; 148.2 (Mitchell Volcano)21–24 million years ago
Monto
Nebo Volcano21.4°S 148.2°E / -21.4; 148.2 (Nebo Volcano)28–35 million years ago
Nulla Volcano19.7°S 145.3°E / -19.7; 145.3 (Nulla Volcano)13,000 years ago
Piebald Volcano41715.1°S 145.1°E / -15.1; 145.1 (Piebald Volcano)Less than 3 million years ago
Rockhampton Volcano23.3°S 150.4°E / -23.3; 150.4 (Rockhampton Volcano)67–71 million years ago
Springsure60024.0°S 148.1°E / -24.0; 148.1 (Springsure)24–33 million years ago
Sturgeon Volcano20.3°S 144.2°E / -20.3; 144.2 (Sturgeon Volcano)92,000 years ago
Toomba19.5°S 145.0°E / -19.5; 145.0 (Toomba)21,000 years ago[3]
Undara Crater1,0203,34518.25°S 144.75°E / -18.25; 144.75 (Undara Crater)189,000 years ago[3]
Wallaroo Volcano18.0°S 145.4°E / -18.0; 145.4 (Wallaroo Volcano)Less than 5 million years ago
Mount Barney, Focal Peak Volcano1,3594,95828.17°S 152.42°E / -28.17; 152.42 (Mount Barney)
Campbells Folly
Mount Pie
Mount Glennie
Levers Plateau
Glass House Mountains26-27 million years ago[2]
Mount Beerburrum27626.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Beerburrum)26–27 million years ago
Mount Beerwah55626.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Beerwah)26–27 million years ago
Mount Coochin23526.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Coochin)26–27 million years ago
Mount Cooee26.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Cooee)26–27 million years ago
Mount Coonowrin37726.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Coonowrin)26–27 million years ago
Mount Elimbah12926.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Elimbah)26–27 million years ago
Mount Horogargan26.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Horogargan)26–27 million years ago
Mount Miketeebumulgrai19926.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Miketeebumulgrai)26–27 million years ago
Mount Ngungun25326.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Ngungun)26–27 million years ago
Round Mountain26.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Round Mountain)26–27 million years ago
Mount Tibberoowuccum22026.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Tibberoowuccum)26–27 million years ago
Mount Tibrogargan36426.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Tibrogargan)26–27 million years ago
Mount Tunbubudla31226.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Mount Tunbubudla)26–27 million years ago
Wild Horse Mountain12326.7°S 152.9°E / -26.7; 152.9 (Wild Horse Mountain)26–27 million years ago
Anvil Peak22.8°S 148.0°E / -22.8; 148.0 (Anvil Peak)27–35 million years ago
Table Mountain22.8°S 148.0°E / -22.8; 148.0 (Table Mountain)27–35 million years ago
Murray Island20065610.0°S 144.0°E / -10.0; 144.0 (Murray Island)1 million years ago

New South Wales

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Abercrombie Volcano34.3°S 149.4°E / -34.3; 149.4 (Abercrombie Volcano)14–26 million years ago
Airly Volcano32.9°S 150.1°E / -32.9; 150.1 (Airly Volcano)34–42 million years ago
Barrington Volcano31.8°S 151.2°E / -31.8; 151.2 (Barrington Volcano)44–54 million years ago
Bunda Bunda Volcano31.1°S 152.4°E / -31.1; 152.4 (Bunda Bunda Volcano)71 million years ago
Byrock Volcano30.7°S 146.3°E / -30.7; 146.3 (Byrock Volcano)17 million years ago[5]
Mount Canobolas1,39533.3°S 149.0°E / -33.3; 149.0 (Mount Canobolas)12–13 million years ago
Cargelligo Volcano33.4°S 146.5°E / -33.4; 146.5 (Cargelligo Volcano)15 million years ago[5]
Central Volcano inc. Maybole Volcano and Gragin Peak29.8°S 151.6°E / -29.8; 151.6 (Central Volcano)
Comboyne Volcano31.6°S 152.5°E / -31.6; 152.5 (Comboyne Volcano)16–17 million years ago[4]
Doughboy Volcano30.3°S 152.2°E / -30.3; 152.2 (Doughboy Volcano)38–45 million years ago
Dubbo Volcano32.2°S 149.2°E / -32.2; 149.2 (Dubbo Volcano)12–15 million years ago
Ebor Volcano30.4°S 152.4°E / -30.4; 152.4 (Ebor Volcano)19–20 million years ago[4]
El Capitan31.2°S 146.2°E / -31.2; 146.2 (El Capitan)18 million years ago[5]
Mount Gulaga or Mount Dromedary80636.3°S 150.0°E / -36.3; 150.0 (Mount Gulaga)
Mount Kaputar or Nandewar Volcano1,50730.2°S 150.1°E / -30.2; 150.1 (Mount Kaputar)17–18 million years ago
Liverpool Range31.9°S 150.4°E / -31.9; 150.4 (Liverpool Range)32–35 million years ago
Monaro35.7°S 150.3°E / -35.7; 150.3 (Monaro)37–55 million years ago
Nerriga Volcano35.2°S 149.8°E / -35.2; 149.8 (Nerriga Volcano)50 million years ago
Snowy Mountains35.5°S 148.3°E / -35.5; 148.3 (Snowy Mountains)17–22 million years ago
South Coast Volcano35.7°S 150.3°E / -35.7; 150.3 (South Coast Volcano)26–31 million years ago
Southern Highlands Volcano34.6°S 150.5°E / -34.6; 150.5 (Southern Highlands Volcano)31–55 million years ago
Prospect Hill33°49′30″S 150°55′5″E80 million years ago
Walcha Volcano31.4°S 151.8°E / -31.4; 151.8 (Walcha Volcano)44–56 million years ago
Mount Warning or Tweed Volcano1,1573,79628°23′50″S 153°16′15″E24-23 million years ago[4]
Warrumbungles inc The Breadknife31.3°S 149.0°E / -31.3; 149.0 (Warrumbungles)13–17 million years ago

Victoria

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Aberfeldy Volcano37.8°S 146.4°E / -37.8; 146.4 (Aberfeldy Volcano)27 million years ago
Bogong Volcano (Mount Bogong is composed of metamorphic sedimentary rocks)1,98637.1°S 147.2°E / -37.1; 147.2 (Bogong Volcano)25–37 million years ago

(There are not many volcanic outcrops in the region,

This feature probably should not be in this list )

Bonang Volcano37.2°S 148.7°E / -37.2; 148.7 (Bonang Volcano)38–42 million years ago

(the nearby tertiary basalts are

probably not specifically

associated with Mount Bonang,

this feature probably should not be in this list)

Lake Bullen Merri
Mount Buninyong744
Lake Colongulac
Cosgrove 9 million years ago[5]
Dargo
Mount Eccles, in Mount Eccles National Park38.07°S 141.92°E / -38.07; 141.92 (Mount Eccles)8 thousand years ago
Mount Elephant39537.96°S 143.20°E / -37.96; 143.20 (Mount Elephant)5,000–20,000 years ago
Flinders Volcano38.5°S 145.3°E / -38.5; 145.3 (Flinders Volcano)40–48 million years ago
Mount Franklin635470,000 years ago
Gelantipy Volcano37.2°S 148.3°E / -37.2; 148.3 (Gelantipy Volcano)34–43 million years ago
Lake Gnotuk
Mount Hamilton
Howitt Volcano37.2°S 146.7°E / -37.2; 146.7 (Howitt Volcano)32–36 million years ago
Lake Keilambete
Mount Kooroocheang230
La Trobe Volcano38.5°S 146.3°E / -38.5; 146.3 (La Trobe Volcano)50–59 million years ago
Mount Leura31138.1°S 143.1°E / -38.1; 143.1 (Mount Leura)5,000–20,000 years ago
Mount Macedon1,0143,34637.41°S 144.58°E / -37.41; 144.58 (Mount Macedon)360 million years ago
Mount Napier4401,44037.8°S 142.5°E / -37.8; 142.5 (Mount Napier)32,000 years ago
Neerim Volcano38.0°S 146.0°E / -38.0; 146.0 (Neerim Volcano)20–25 million years ago
Mount Noorat3105,000–20,000 years ago
Poowong
Mount Porndon27838.18°S 143.17°E / -38.18; 143.17 (Mount Porndon) 300,000 years ago
Lake Purrumbete
Stockyard Hill37.56°S 143.32°E / -37.56; 143.32 (Stockyard Hill/Black Lake)0.1-0.5 million years ago [6]
The Anakies37.55°S 144.10°E / -37.55; 144.10 (The Anakies)1.5 million years ago[7]
Toombullup Volcano36.9°S 146.3°E / -36.9; 146.3 (Toombullup Volcano)37–44 million years ago
Tower Hill, in Tower Hill State Game Reserve25,000 years ago
Uplands Volcano36.8°S 147.6°E / -36.8; 147.6 (Uplands Volcano)2 million years ago
Mount Warrenheip741
Mount Warrnambool21638.18°S 142.44°E / -38.18; 142.44 (Mount Warrnambool)5,000–20,000 years ago
Western Plains

South Australia

Name Elevation Location Last eruption
metres feet Coordinates
Mount Burr 187 614 37.55°S 140.46°E / -37.55; 140.46 (Mount Burr) 4,750 years ago
Mount Gambier 190 623 37.84°S 140.78°E / -37.84; 140.78 (Mount Gambier) 4,500 years ago
Mount Schank 158 518 37.94°S 140.74°E / -37.94; 140.74 (Mount Schank) 5,000 years ago
Newer Volcanics Province 1,011 3,317 37.77°S 142.50°E / -37.77; 142.50 (Newer Volcanics Province) 2900 BCE
Mount Muirhead 130 427 37.56°S 140.41°E / -37.56; 140.41 (Mount Muirhead)

Western Australia

There are no active or dormant volcanoes in Western Australia, although there are a number of extinct ones, and geological evidence of others. There are nineteen small extinct volcanoes in the valley of the Fitzroy River in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. The Kimberley also has a number of groups of hot springs, which may be connected with the volcanic activity that produced the extinct volcanoes (but since these volcanic formations are Proterozoic in age - i.e. maybe a billion years old, this would be very unlikely!) . There are also deposits of basalt at Bunbury and Cape Gosselin.

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Argyle diamond mine16.6°S 128.3°E / -16.6; 128.3 (Argyle Diamond Pipe)

Tasmania

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Table Cape18159440.95°S 145.73°E / -40.95; 145.73 (Table Cape)
Don Head7123341.16°S 146.31°E / -41.16; 146.31 (Don Head)
The Nut14346940.76°S 145.3°E / -40.76; 145.3 (The Nut)

Territories

Heard and McDonald Islands

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Anzac Peak7152,34652°59′32″S 73°17′58″E
Big Ben2,7459,00653°6′0″S 73°31′0″E2019
Mount Dixon7152,34653°0′S 73°17′E
Mawson Peak2,7459,00653°6′0″S 73°31′0″E2004
McDonald Islands23075553.03°S 72.60°E / -53.03; 72.60 (McDonald Islands)2005

Lord Howe Island

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Ball's Pyramid5621,84431°45′07″S 159°15′05″E
Mount Gower8752,87031°34′51″S 159°04′54″E

Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island and neighbouring Nepean Island and Phillip Island are mountain top remnants of an elongated shield volcano.[8]

Tasman Sea

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Bass Strait Basin
Tasman Seamounts
Barcoo Seamount
Britannia Seamount
Derwent-Hunter Seamount
Gascoyne Seamount
Heemskirk Seamount
Queensland Seamount
Soela Seamount
Taupo Seamount
Zeelian Seamount

Other

NameElevationLocationLast eruption
metresfeetCoordinates
Macquarie Island4331,42154.50°S 158.95°E / -54.50; 158.95 (Macquarie Island)
Norfolk Island3151,03329°S 168°E2.4 million years ago

References

Citations
  1. Whitehead, P. W.; Stephenson, P. J.; McDougall, I.; Hopkins, M. S.; Graham, A. W.; Collerson, K. D.; Johnson, D. P. (2007-07-01). "Temporal development of the Atherton Basalt Province, north Queensland". Australian Journal of Earth Sciences. 54 (5): 691–709. doi:10.1080/08120090701305236. ISSN 0812-0099.
  2. Cohen, B. E.; Vasconcelos, P. M.; Knesel, K. M. (2007-02-01). "40Ar/39Ar constraints on the timing of Oligocene intraplate volcanism in southeast Queensland". Australian Journal of Earth Sciences. 54 (1): 105–125. doi:10.1080/08120090600981483. ISSN 0812-0099.
  3. Cohen, B.E.; Mark, D.F.; Fallon, S.J.; Stephenson, P.J. (2017). "Holocene-Neogene volcanism in northeastern Australia: Chronology and eruption history". Quaternary Geochronology. 39: 79–91. doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2017.01.003.
  4. Knesel, Kurt M.; Cohen, Benjamin E.; Vasconcelos, Paulo M.; Thiede, David S. (2008). "Rapid change in drift of the Australian plate records collision with Ontong Java plateau". Nature. 454 (7205): 754–757. doi:10.1038/nature07138. PMID 18685705.
  5. Cohen, B. E.; Knesel, K. M.; Vasconcelos, P. M.; Thiede, D. S.; Hergt, J. M. (2008-04-01). "40Ar/39Ar constraints on the timing and origin of Miocene leucitite volcanism in southeastern Australia". Australian Journal of Earth Sciences. 55 (3): 407–418. doi:10.1080/08120090701769514. ISSN 0812-0099.
  6. Stockyard Hill 3-in-1, retrieved 2018-03-08
  7. http://www.victorianvolcanoes.com/volcano/anakies
  8. "Norfolk Island". ga.gov.au.
Sources
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