List of tunnels and bridges in Hong Kong

This is a list of vehicular tunnels and bridges in Hong Kong.

Road tunnels

Victoria Harbour crossings

TunnelOpenedLength (km)Franchise lasts untilOwner/operatorCost for taxis/cars/minibuses/ buses/lorries (HK$)Vehicles daily (as at March 2005)Capacity per day
Cross-Harbour Tunnel Map19721.86Hong Kong Government/Serco Group (HK) Limited10/20/10/15/30121,70078 500
Eastern Harbour Crossing Map19892.2Hong Kong Government/Pacific Infrastructure Limited25/25/38/75/38-7573 50078 500
Western Harbour Crossing Map199722023Western Harbour Tunnel Company45/65/60/90-128/60-11539 200118 000

Tunnels on Hong Kong Island

TunnelOpenedLength (km)Franchise lasts untilOwner/operatorCost for taxis/cars/minibuses/ buses/lorries (HK$)Vehicles dailyCapacity per day
Aberdeen Tunnel Map1982/19831.85 Hong Kong Government / Transport Infrastructure Management Limited5 (Flat toll)58,526 (as of Aug 2019) 
Central-Wan Chai Bypass 2019 4.5 N/A Hong Kong Government / Chun Wo Tunnel Management Limited Toll-free N/A N/A

Tunnels in New Kowloon

TunnelOpenedLength (km)Franchise lasts untilOwner/operatorCost for taxis/cars/minibuses/ buses/lorries (HK$)Vehicles dailyCapacity per day
Kai Tak Tunnel, formerly known as Airport Tunnel Map19821.26 Hong Kong Government / Greater Lucky (H.K.) Company LimitedToll-free60 000 
Kai San Road 2017 0.57 Toll-free

Tunnels between New Kowloon and the New Territories

TunnelOpenedLength (km)Franchise lasts untilOwner/operatorCost for taxis/cars/minibuses/ buses/lorries (HK$)Vehicles dailyCapacity per day
Eagle's Nest Tunnel Map & Sha Tin Heights Tunnel Map20082.7, 0.95 Hong Kong Government / TIML MOM Limited8 (Flat toll) 120,000
Lion Rock Tunnel Map19671.43 Hong Kong Government / Greater Lucky (H.K.) Company Limited8 (Flat toll)92 000 
Second Lion Rock Tunnel Map19781.41
Tate's Cairn Tunnel Map19913.92018Tate's Cairn Tunnel Co. Ltd.14/14/21/28-31/21-25[1]63 000 
Tseung Kwan O Tunnel Map19900.9 Hong Kong Government / Greater Lucky (H.K.) Company Limited3 (Flat toll)80 000 

Tunnels in the New Territories

TunnelOpenedLength (km)Franchise lasts untilOwner/operatorCost for Motorcycles / taxis / cars / minibuses /
buses / lorries (HK$)
Vehicles dailyCapacity per day
Shing Mun Tunnels Map (east) Map (west)19902.6 Hong Kong Government / Greater Lucky (H.K.) Company Limited5 (Flat toll)54 000 
Tai Lam Tunnel Map19983.82025Route 3 (CPS) Co. Ltd.22 / 48 / 48 / 100 / 143~168 / 49~60 (concessionary fees until further notice)57 819 (as of Aug 2019)140,000 
Cheung Tsing Tunnel Map19971.65 Hong Kong Government / TIML MOM LimitedToll-free83 000 
Discovery Bay Tunnel Map20000.63N/AHKR International Limited50 for government cars and buses, 120 for light class goods vehicles, 160 for medium class goods vehicles, 250 for heavy and all other classes (motorcycles, taxis, private cars are disallowed)612520
Tai Wai Tunnel Map20070.5N/AHong Kong Government / TIML MOM Limited8 (Incorporated into toll fee of Eagle's Nest Tunnel & Sha Tin Heights Tunnel)N/AN/A
Nam Wan Tunnel Map20091.25N/AHong Kong Government / TIML MOM LimitedToll-freeN/AN/A
Scenic Hill Tunnel 2018 1 N/A Hong Kong Government / Transport Infrastructure Management Limited Toll-free N/A N/A
Airport Tunnel 2018 0.6 N/A Hong Kong Government / Transport Infrastructure Management Limited Toll-free N/A N/A

Tunnels under construction or planned

Tunnel Scheduled year of completion Length (km) Location
Tuen Mun–Chek Lap Kok Link 2020 5.5 New Territories-Lantau Island
Central Kowloon Route 2025 4.7 Kowloon
Trunk Road T2, Southeast Kowloon (partial) around 2020 3 Kowloon
Tseung Kwan O-Lam Tin Tunnel 2021 2.2 Kowloon-New Territories
Lung Shan Tunnel 2019 4.8 New Territories
Cheung Shan Tunnel 2019 0.9 New Territories
Tuen Mun West Bypass N/A 8.4 New Territories

Bridges

There are about 1300 vehicular bridges in Hong Kong.[2]

Major bridges in Hong Kong
Name Year opened Length (m) Franchise expiry Owner/operator Toll Daily traffic Daily capacity
Tsing Ma Bridge19971,377 Hong Kong Government / TIML MOM LimitedYes94,185 (as of Aug 2019) 
Kap Shui Mun Bridge19971,323 Hong Kong Government / TIML MOM Limited94,185 (as of Aug 2019) 
Ting Kau Bridge19981,177 Hong Kong Government / TIML MOM LimitedNo  
Tsing Yi Bridge1974610 Hong Kong GovernmentNo  
Ap Lei Chau Bridge1980230 Hong Kong GovernmentNo  
Second Ap Lei Chau Bridge1994230 Hong Kong GovernmentNo  
Liu To Bridge1987?175 Hong Kong GovernmentNo  
Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor20075,500 Hong Kong Government / Government of People's Republic of ChinaNo  
Stonecutters Bridge20091,596 Hong Kong Government / TIML MOM LimitedNo  
Cheung Tsing Bridge1977600Hong Kong Government / TIML MOM LimitedNo
Lai Chi Kok Bridge1968790Hong Kong GovernmentNo82,560
Tsing Yi North Bridge19871,015Hong Kong GovernmentNo41,680
Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge201829,600Hong Kong Government / Government of People's Republic of China

Railway bridges and viaducts

MTR

East Rail Line / Through Train

Island Line

  • Heng Fa Chuen - Chai Wan Viaduct

Kwun Tong Line

  • Kowloon Bay - Kwun Tong Viaduct

Ma On Shan Line

  • Tai Wai - Shek Mun Viaduct
  • Tai Shui Hang - Wu Kai Sha Viaduct

South Island Line

Tseun Wan Line

  • Kwai Fong - Kwai Hing Viaduct

Tung Chung Line / Airport Express

West Rail Line

  • Kam Sheung RoadTuen Mun Viaduct (longest bridge/viaduct in Hong Kong[3])

Light Rail

  • Hoi Wong Road over Tuen Mun River
  • Castle Peak Road - Hung Shui Kiu over Hung Shui River
  • Castle Peak Road - Yuen Long over Yuen Long Nullah
  • Pui To Road over Tuen Mun River
  • Fung Tei Station to Siu Hong Station over Tuen Mun River

Peak Tram

Tram

Notable underpasses

  • Pedder Street Underpass
  • Smithfield Underpass
  • Salisbury Road Underpass
  • Chung Cheung Road
  • Lin Cheung Road Underpass
  • Winslow Street Underpass
  • Chatham Road South-Gilles Avenue South Underpass
  • Sai Sha Road Ma On Shan Underpass
  • Sai Sha Road Clear Water Bay Underpass
  • Tsing Yi Road-Kwai Tsing Bridge Underpass
  • Yi Pei Chun Road Underpass
  • Wo Yi Hop Road Underpass

Tunnels for electricity cables

  • Wah Fu–Bowen Tunnel (3.1km)
  • Nam Fung–Parker Tunnel (5.7km)[4]

Railway tunnels

Various tunnels were built for the MTR trains too.

Tunnels for gas pipes

See also

References

  1. "Tate's Cairn Tunnel Company Limited". Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  2. Major bridge development in Hong Kong, China-past, present and future (abstract), Hui, M.C.H. & Yau, D. Front. Archit. Civ. Eng. China (2011) 5: 405. doi:10.1007/s11709-011-0136-4
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) [www.railway-technology.com/projects/west_rail/]
  4. https://www.hkelectric.com/en/OurOperations/Documents/CableTunnels.pdf#MwVPMwOx5ZwJ

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