List of trees and shrubs by taxonomic family

The following is a list of widely known trees and shrubs. Taxonomic families for the following trees and shrubs are listed in alphabetical order, likewise the genera and closely related species. The list currently includes 1351 species.

Gymnosperms

Conifers

Araucariaceae: monkey-puzzle family


Cupressaceae: cypress family


Pinaceae: pine family


Podocarpaceae: podocarp family


Sciadopityaceae: umbrella pine family


Taxaceae: yew family


Cycads

Cycadaceae: cycad family


Maidenhair trees

Ginkgoaceae: maidenhair family


Angiosperms

Hardwoods

Aceraceae: maple family


Agavaceae: agave family


Anacardiaceae: cashew family


Annonaceae: custard apple family


Apocynaceae: dogbane family


Aquifoliaceae: holly family


Araliaceae: ginseng family


Arecaceae: palm family


Asphodelaceae: asphodel family


Asteraceae: composite family


Berberidaceae: barberry family


Betulaceae: birch family


Bignoniaceae: trumpet creeper family


Bombacaceae: bombax family


Boraginaceae: borage family


  • Bourreria – strongbarks
    • Bourreria ovata – Bahamian strongbark
    • Bourreria radula – rough strongbark
  • Cordia – cordia trees

Burseraceae: bursera family


Buxaceae: box family


  • Buxus – box shrubs
    • Buxus austro-yunnanensis – Yunnan box
    • Buxus balearica – Balearic box
    • Buxus colchica – Georgian box
    • Buxus hainanensis – Hainan box
    • Buxus harlandii – Harland's box
    • Buxus henryi – Henry's box
    • Buxus humbertii – Humbert's box
    • Buxus hyrcana – Caspian box
    • Buxus macowanii – Cape box
    • Buxus madagascarica – Madagascan box
    • Buxus microphylla – Japanese box
    • Buxus natalensis – Natal box
    • Buxus sempervirens – common box; European box
    • Buxus sinica – Chinese box
    • Buxus vahlii – Vahl's box; smooth box
    • Buxus wallichiana – Himalayan box

Canellaceae: wild cinnamon family


Cannabaceae: hemp family


Capparidaceae: caper family


Caprifoliaceae: honeysuckle family


Caricaceae: papaya family


Casuarinaceae: casuarina family


Celastraceae: bittersweet family


Cercidiphyllaceae: katsura family


Chrysobalanaceae: coco plum family


Clusiaceae: St. John’s wort family


Combretaceae: combretum family


Cornaceae: dogwood family


Cyrillaceae: titi family


Davidsoniaceae: Davidson’s plum family


Ebenaceae: ebony family


Elaeagnaceae: oleaster family


Ericaceae: heath family


Euphorbiaceae: spurge family


Fabaceae: legume family (peas)

Fagaceae: beech family


Grossulariaceae: gooseberry family


Hamamelidaceae: witch hazel family


Hippocastanaceae: buckeye family


Illiciaceae: anise-tree family


Juglandaceae: walnut family


Lauraceae: laurel family


Lecythidaceae: lecythis family


Lythraceae: loosestrife family


Magnoliaceae: magnolia family


Malpighiaceae: malpighia family


Malvaceae: mallow family


Melastomataceae: melastome family


Meliaceae: mahogany family


Moraceae: mulberry family


Moringaceae: moringa family


Muntingiaceae: strawberry-tree family


Myoporaceae: myoporum family


Myricaceae: bayberry family


Myrsinaceae: myrsine family


Myrtaceae: myrtle family


Nothofagaceae: southern beech family


Nyctaginaceae: four o’clock family


  • Guapira – blollies
    • Guapira discolor – longleaf blolly; beeftree
  • Pisonia – pisonia or mapou trees
    • Pisonia brunoniana – parapara; birdcatcher tree; pāpala kēpau
    • Pisonia grandis – Indian pisonia; catchbird tree; birdcatcher tree
    • Pisonia rotundata – smooth devil's claws; Florida pisonia

Nyssaceae: sourgum family


Olacaceae: olax family


  • Schoepfia – schoepfia trees
    • Schoepfia chrysophylloides – graytwig; Gulf graytwig

Oleaceae: olive family


Oxalidaceae: wood sorrel family


Pandanaceae: screwpine family


Papaveraceae: poppy family


Phyllanthaceae: gooseberry tree family


Pittosporaceae: pittosporum family


Platanaceae: sycamore family


Poaceae: grass family


Polygonaceae: knotweed family


Proteaceae: protea family


Punicaceae: pomegranate family


Rhamnaceae: buckthorn family


Rhizophoraceae: mangrove family


Rosaceae: rose family


Rubiaceae: madder family


Rutaceae: citrus family


Salicaceae: willow family


Sapindaceae: soapberry family


Sapotaceae: sapodilla family


Simaroubaceae: quassia family


Solanaceae: nightshade family


Staphyleaceae: bladdernut family


Sterculiaceae: sterculia family


Strelitziaceae: bird-of-paradise family


Styracaceae: storax family


Surianaceae: bay cedar family


Symplocaceae: sweetleaf family


Tamaricaceae: tamarisk family


Theaceae: tea family


Theophrastaceae: theophrasta family


thymelaeaceae: mezereum family


Tiliaceae: basswood family


Ulmaceae: elm family


Verbenaceae: verbena family


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