List of the oldest people by country

This is a list of the oldest people by country and in selected territories. It includes the individual(s) for each given country or territory who are reported to have had the longest lifespan. Such records can only be determined to the extent that the given country's records are reliable. Comprehensive birth registration is largely a 20th-century phenomenon, so records establishing human longevity are necessarily fragmentary. The earliest comprehensive recordkeeping systems arose in Western Europe. For example, the United Kingdom organized a central recordkeeping system for England and Wales in 1837, making it compulsory by 1874.[1]

The list of oldest people is heavily skewed toward Western countries. This is not necessarily simply due to better chances of survival. Additionally the proportion of world population of current developed nations was far higher over a century ago than today; the table of nations below represents less than 20% of the current global population, and the European descended population alone constituted some 36% of the world population in 1900.[2] Similarly, Japan continues to drop in world population rankings.

Oldest ever

This list comprises longest-lived individuals who were born and are living or died in each country. Where known, records for both males and females are noted, as are those born in one country who emigrated to another. Multiple entries for a given country and sex indicate that the oldest person is disputed. Entries for living people are rendered by   Living.

Country Name Sex Birth date Death date Age
Argentina Virginia Secundina Moyano[3] F 17 May 1904 20 June 2017 113 years, 34 days
Australia Christina Cock[lower-alpha 1] F 25 December 1887 22 May 2002 114 years, 148 days[4]
Jack Lockett[lower-alpha 1] M 22 January 1891 25 May 2002 111 years, 123 days[4]
Austria Ilse Weiszfeld (died in France) F 16 October 1904 22 April 2017 112 years, 188 days[3]
Maria Mika[lower-alpha 2] (born in the Czech Republic) F 23 May 1882 17 November 1994 112 years, 178 days[4]
Hermine Nistler F 24 December 1900 13 February 2012 111 years, 51 days[4]
Leopold Vietoris M 4 June 1891 9 April 2002 110 years, 309 days[4]
Barbados James Sisnett[lower-alpha 3] M 22 February 1900 23 May 2013 113 years, 90 days[4]
Belarus Mollye Marcus[lower-alpha 4] (died in the United States) F 18 October 1899 18 February 2011 111 years, 123 days[4]
Belgium Joanna Turcksin-Deroover F 3 June 1890 6 December 2002 112 years, 186 days[4]
Jan Machiel Reyskens[lower-alpha 5] (died in the Netherlands) M 11 May 1878 7 January 1990 111 years, 241 days[4]
Jan Goossenaerts M 30 October 1900 21 March 2012 111 years, 143 days[4]
Brazil Maria Gomes Valentim F 9 July 1896 21 June 2011 114 years, 347 days[4]
Canada Marie-Louise Meilleur F 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days[4]
James McCoubrey (died in the USA) M 13 September 1901 5 July 2013 111 years, 295 days[4]
George Frederick Ives (born in the UK) M 17 November 1881 12 April 1993 111 years, 146 days
Cape Verde Adelina Domingues[lower-alpha 6] (died in the USA) F 19 February 1888 21 August 2002 114 years, 183 days[4]
Colombia Ana Sara Marquez de Ramirez[3] F 25 July 1904 27 August 2016 112 years, 33 days
Daniel Guzmán-García M 6 February 1897 21 May 2008 111 years, 105 days[4]
Croatia Hermina Dunz[lower-alpha 7] (died in Austria) F 24 February 1898 14 June 2008 110 years, 111 days[4]
Czech Republic Maria Mika[lower-alpha 2] (died in Austria) F 23 May 1882 17 November 1994 112 years, 178 days[4]
Marie Bernátková[lower-alpha 8] F 22 October 1857 4 May 1969 111 years, 194 days[4]
Denmark Christian Mortensen (died in the USA) M 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days[4]
Ellen Adelaide Brandenborg F 7 January 1906 22 July 2017 111 years, 196 days
Georg Ingwersen Jensen M 14 June 1906 15 May 2016 109 years, 336 days[4]
Ecuador María Capovilla F 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 116 years, 347 days[4]
Estonia Marta Kallas[lower-alpha 9] (died in Australia)[5][6] F 26 December 1904 31 May 2014 109 years, 155 days
Elle Malberg[lower-alpha 9][7] F 10 April 1907 16 December 2015 108 years, 250 days
Arved Tamm[lower-alpha 9][7] M 31 January 1910 14 November 2017 107 years, 287 days[4]
Finland Maria Rothovius[lower-alpha 10][8] F 2 October 1887 17 June 2000 112 years, 259 days
Aarne Arvonen[lower-alpha 10] M 4 August 1897 1 January 2009 111 years, 150 days[4]
France Jeanne Calment F 21 February 1875[lower-alpha 11] 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days[4][lower-alpha 11]
Lucile Randon[3], a.k.a. Sœur André[10] F 11 February 1904 Living 115 years, 309 days
Maurice Floquet M 25 December 1894 10 November 2006 111 years, 320 days[4]
Germany Augusta Holtz[lower-alpha 12] (died in the USA) F 3 August 1871 21 October 1986 115 years, 79 days[4]
Gustav Gerneth[lower-alpha 13] M 15 October 1905 22 October 2019 114 years, 7 days[11]
Mathilde Mange[12] F 10 August 1906 28 October 2019 113 years, 79 days[13]
Greece Katerina Karnarou[lower-alpha 14] F 25 July 1905 Living 114 years, 145 days[14]
Gregory Pandazes[lower-alpha 14] (died in the USA) M 15 January 1873 22 December 1983 110 years, 341 days[4]
Hungary Elizabeth Stefan[lower-alpha 15] (died in the USA) F 13 May 1895 9 April 2008 112 years, 332 days[15]
Zoltan Sarosy[lower-alpha 15] (died in Canada) M 23 August 1906 19 June 2017 110 years, 300 days
Rezső Gallai[lower-alpha 15][16] M 29 January 1904 25 September 2014 110 years, 239 days[16]
Iceland Guðrún Björnsdóttir[lower-alpha 16] (died in Canada)[17] F 20 October 1888 26 August 1998 109 years, 310 days
Sólveig Pálsdóttir[lower-alpha 16][17] F 20 August 1897 28 October 2006 109 years, 69 days
Georg Ólafsson[lower-alpha 16][17][18][19][20] M 26 March 1909 22 February 2017 107 years, 333 days
India Lucy d'Abreu[lower-alpha 17] (died in the UK) F 24 May 1892 7 December 2005 113 years, 197 days[4]
Ireland Kathleen Snavely[lower-alpha 18] (died in the USA)[21] F 16 February 1902 6 July 2015 113 years, 140 days
Katherine Plunket[lower-alpha 18] F 20 November 1820 14 October 1932 111 years, 327 days[4]
Israel Yisrael Kristal[lower-alpha 19] (born in Poland)[3] M 15 September 1903 11 August 2017 113 years, 330 days
Maria Pogonowska[lower-alpha 19] (born in Poland) F 30 October 1897 15 July 2009 111 years, 258 days[4]
Italy Emma Morano[3] F 29 November 1899 15 April 2017 117 years, 137 days
Antonio Todde M 22 January 1889 3 January 2002 112 years, 346 days[4]
Jamaica Violet Brown[lower-alpha 20][3] F 10 March 1900 15 September 2017 117 years, 189 days
Japan Nabi Tajima [22] F 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 117 years, 260 days
Jiroemon Kimura[3] M 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days
Latvia Ksenija Mitušova[lower-alpha 21][23] F 10 February 1899 6 January 2012 112 years, 334 days
Lebanon Adma Tura[lower-alpha 22] (died in France) F 25 December 1906 3 September 2018 111 years, 252 days[24][25]
Lithuania Emilija Kristopaitiene[lower-alpha 23] F 15 October 1902 14 March 2014 111 years, 150 days[26][27]
Luxembourg Germaine Litwinski-Kauffmann F 4 March 1908[28] 17 January 2019[29] 110 years, 319 days
Jean Ley M 10 February 1903 20 February 2013 110 years, 10 days[3]
Malta Connie Galea[lower-alpha 24][30][31] F 31 December 1890 1 October 2000 109 years, 275 days
Mexico Dominga Velasco (died in the USA)[3] F 12 May 1901 11 October 2015 114 years, 152 days
Ambrosia Acosta-Teran[3] F 21 February 1904 25 August 2016 112 years, 186 days
Filiberto Puc[32][33] M 22 August 1907 21 January 2018 110 years, 152 days
Moldova Goldie Steinberg[lower-alpha 25] (died in the USA)[3] F 30 October 1900 16 August 2015 114 years, 290 days
Netherlands Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper F 29 June 1890 30 August 2005 115 years, 62 days[4]
Jan Machiel Reyskens[lower-alpha 5] (born in Belgium) M 11 May 1878 7 January 1990 111 years, 241 days[4]
Jan Pieter Bos M 12 July 1891 15 December 2002 111 years, 156 days[8]
New Zealand Florence Finch (born in the UK) F 22 December 1893 10 April 2007 113 years, 109 days[4]
Madeline Anderson[lower-alpha 26] F 4 May 1907 19 June 2018 111 years, 46 days[34]
Norway Maren Bolette Torp F 21 December 1876 20 February 1989 112 years, 61 days[4]
Herman Smith-Johannsen (died in Canada) M 15 June 1875 5 January 1987 111 years, 204 days[4]
Panama Clara Cedeño Tello[3] F 12 August 1906 Living 113 years, 127 days
Peru Carlos Valenzuela Castro (died in the USA)[35][36] M 24 September 1905 30 March 2016 110 years, 187 days
Julia Dougherty (died in the USA) F 20 August 1893 4 December 2003 110 years, 106 days[4]
Poland Augusta Holtz[lower-alpha 12] (died in the USA) F 3 August 1871 21 October 1986 115 years, 79 days[4]
Yisrael Kristal[lower-alpha 27] (died in Israel)[3] M 15 September 1903 11 August 2017 113 years, 330 days
Tekla Juniewicz[lower-alpha 28][3] F 10 June 1906 Living 113 years, 190 days
Portugal Maria de Jesus F 10 September 1893 2 January 2009 115 years, 114 days[3]
Augusto Moreira de Oliveira M 6 October 1896 13 February 2009 112 years, 130 days[3]
Romania Maria Corba[lower-alpha 29] (died in Germany) F 15 August 1878 8 March 1989 110 years, 205 days[4]
Russia Rosalia Hasenkampf[lower-alpha 30] (died in Germany) F 14 October 1889 10 July 2002 112 years, 282 days[37]
Andrei Kuznetsoff[lower-alpha 30] (died in Finland) M 27 October 1873 30 January 1984 110 years, 95 days[4]
Saint Kitts and Nevis Rosalind Hill[lower-alpha 31] (died in the USA) F 30 March 1899 18 January 2010 110 years, 294 days[4]
Slovakia Maria Brandes (died in Germany)[lower-alpha 32] F 11 August 1902 6 February 2013 110 years, 179 days[38]
Mária Čeremugová[lower-alpha 32] F 11 September 1909[39] 5 December 2018[40] 109 years, 85 days
Slovenia Katarina Marinič[lower-alpha 33] F 30 October 1899 2 September 2010 110 years, 307 days[4]
Niko Dragoš[41][42][43][lower-alpha 33] M 27 August 1907 31 March 2018[44] 110 years, 216 days
South Africa Johanna Booysen F 17 January 1857 16 June 1968 111 years, 151 days[4]
Spain Ana María Vela Rubio[3] F 29 October 1901 15 December 2017 116 years, 47 days
Joan Riudavets M 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 114 years, 81 days[4]
Sweden Astrid Zachrison F 15 May 1895 15 May 2008 113 years, 0 days[4]
Carl Mattsson M 7 March 1908 24 July 2019 111 years, 139 days[45]
Switzerland Rosa Rein[lower-alpha 34] (born in Poland) F 24 March 1897 14 February 2010 112 years, 327 days[4]
Emma Duvoisin F 5 July 1886 30 September 1997 111 years, 87 days[4]
Rodolphe Buxcel[46] (died in the USA) M 5 September 1908 26 February 2019[47] 110 years, 174 days
Pierre Gremion M 5 March 1902 13 February 2012 109 years, 345 days[4]
Ukraine Goldie Michelson[lower-alpha 35] (died in the USA) F 8 August 1902 8 July 2016 113 years, 335 days[4]
United Kingdom Charlotte Hughes F 1 August 1877 17 March 1993 115 years, 228 days[4]
Henry Allingham M 6 June 1896 18 July 2009 113 years, 42 days[3]
United States Sarah Knauss F 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days[4]
Christian Mortensen (born in Denmark) M 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days[4]
Mathew Beard M 9 July 1870 16 February 1985 114 years, 222 days[4]
Uruguay Manolita Piña (born in Spain) F 24 February 1883 11 June 1994 111 years, 107 days[4]

Territorial and overseas regions recordholders

Below is a list of oldest people in the territories of selected countries. Entries for living people are rendered by   Living.

Country Territory Name Sex Birth date Death date Age[†]
Denmark Faroe Islands Theodor Thomassen[48] M 28 October 1908 9 March 2016 107 years, 133 days
Laura Højgaard[49] F 2 July 1912[50] 13 January 2018 105 years, 193 days
Greenland Agnethe Fencker[51] F 24 October 1910 April 2013 102 years, 159 days+
Finland Åland Islands Anna Hagman[lower-alpha 36] F 27 December 1895 18 April 2006 110 years, 112 days[4]
France French Guiana Eudoxie Baboul F 1 October 1901 1 July 2016 114 years, 274 days[3]
Guadeloupe Luce Maced (died in Martinique) F 2 May 1886 25 February 2000 113 years, 299 days[4]
Mathilde Octavie Tafna F 16 March 1895 1 May 2007 112 years, 46 days[4]
Martinique Luce Maced (born in Guadeloupe) F 2 May 1886 25 February 2000 113 years, 299 days[4]
Julie Montabord F 17 April 1906 18 July 2019 113 years, 92 days[3]
Jules Théobald M 13 April 1909 Living 110 years, 248 days[52]
New Caledonia Marie-Louise Lhuillier F 26 June 1895 28 December 2007 112 years, 185 days[4]
Réunion Marie-Isabelle Diaz (born in Algeria) F 22 February 1898 29 October 2011 113 years, 249 days[4]
Julia Sinédia-Cazour F 12 July 1892 6 October 2005 113 years, 86 days[4]
Jean-Clementis Amano M 7 October 1908 15 June 2019 110 years, 251 days[53]
Saint Barthélemy Eugénie Blanchard F 16 February 1896 4 November 2010 114 years, 261 days[4]
Netherlands Curaçao Maria Samson-Leer (born in Aruba)[54][55] F 1 February 1906 22 December 2015 109 years, 324 days
Portugal Azores Alice Sanders (died in the USA) F 12 May 1897 7 November 2007 110 years, 179 days[4]
United Kingdom Anguilla Elma Gumbs F 29 June 1905 18 November 2012 107 years, 142 days[56]
Guernsey Margaret Ann Neve F 18 May 1792 4 April 1903 110 years, 321 days[4]
United States Puerto Rico Emiliano Mercado del Toro[lower-alpha 37][8] M 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days
Antonia Gerena Rivera (died in the USA)[3] F 19 May 1900 2 June 2015 115 years, 14 days
Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan[lower-alpha 37][8] F 31 August 1889 29 May 2004 114 years, 272 days
US Virgin Islands Ursula Krigger[lower-alpha 38][57] F 22 April 1902 10 September 2015 113 years, 141 days

Oldest living by country

This is a list of the oldest living people by country and lists the oldest people confirmed to be alive in the last year, sorted by country. Those born in one country but who later moved to another are specifically noted.

Independent states

Country Name Sex Birth date Age as of 17 December 2019
Barbados Melville Williams M 21 February 1910 109 years, 299 days[58]
Belgium Elizabeth De Proost F 5 February 1908 111 years, 315 days[59]
Maurits Roger Stael M 25 September 1911 108 years, 83 days[60]
Bulgaria Matena Zokova Zlatilova F 13 January 1910 109 years, 338 days[61]
Canada Sarah Patenaude Bruyère F 20 February 1907 112 years, 300 days[62][63]
Arnold Hawkins M 30 January 1911 108 years, 321 days[64]
Cyprus Maria Savva F 18 February 1911 108 years, 302 days[65]
Czech Republic Marie Matouskova F 16 October 1908 111 years, 62 days[66]
Denmark Karla Lindholm Jensen F 7 May 1908 111 years, 224 days[67]
Eloff Gyldvig Rasmussen M 15 February 1912 107 years, 305 days[68]
Estonia Marta Kivi F 5 February 1912 107 years, 315 days[69]
Leo Ginovker M 28 August 1914 105 years, 111 days[70][71]
France Lucile Randon, a.k.a. Sœur André F 11 February 1904 115 years, 309 days[3][72]
Jules Théobald M 13 April 1909 110 years, 248 days[73]
Germany Louise Schaaf (living in the USA) F 16 October 1906 113 years, 62 days[3]
Greece Katerina Karnarou F 25 July 1905 114 years, 145 days[14]
Italy Valesca Tanganelli F 7 July 1907 112 years, 163 days[74]
Giovanni Quarisa M 24 August 1909 110 years, 115 days[75]
Japan Kane Tanaka F 2 January 1903 116 years, 349 days[3]
Chitetsu Watanabe M 5 March 1907 112 years, 287 days[3]
Netherlands Geertje Kuijntjes F 19 July 1905 114 years, 151 days[3]
Eelke Bakker M 28 July 1910 109 years, 142 days[76]
Norway Marie Antoinette Andersen F 29 September 1909 110 years, 79 days[77]
Panama Clara Cedeño Tello F 12 August 1906 113 years, 127 days[3]
Poland Tekla Juniewicz F 10 June 1906 113 years, 190 days[3]
Stanisław Kowalski M 14 April 1910 109 years, 247 days[78]
Seychelles Nancy Marie F 26 January 1909 110 years, 325 days[79]
Slovenia Matilda Serec F 22 October 1909 110 years, 56 days[80][81]
Switzerland Alice Schaufelberger F 11 January 1908 111 years, 340 days[82]
United Kingdom Hilda Clulow F 15 March 1908 111 years, 277 days[83]
Robert Weighton M 29 March 1908 111 years, 263 days[84]
United States Hester Ford F 15 August 1905 114 years, 124 days[3]
Irving Piken M 20 December 1908 110 years, 362 days[85]

Dependent territories

Country Territory Name Sex Birth date Age as of 17 December 2019
France Guadeloupe Esther Roch F 19 August 1907 112 years, 120 days[86][87]
Martinique Jules Théobald M 13 April 1909 110 years, 248 days[88]
United Kingdom Falkland Islands Eileen Pickford (living in England) F 19 November 1909 110 years, 28 days[89]
Isle of Man Elvira Clark F 18 September 1911 108 years, 90 days[90]

Notes

  1. Cock and Lockett were born in the former British colony Victoria, which is now part of Australia.
  2. Mika was a native of Bohemia, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in the Czech Republic.
  3. Sisnett was born in Barbados, which was at the time of his birth part of the colony of the British Leeward Islands; it is now an independent country.
  4. Marcus was a native of Lechovitz, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Belarus.
  5. Reyskens lived (from 1897) and died in the Netherlands, but kept his Belgian citizenship.
  6. Domingues was born in Cape Verde, which was at the time of her birth a Portuguese colony; now it is an independent country.
  7. Dunz was a native of Zagreb, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in Croatia.
  8. Bernátková was a native of Prague, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in the Czech Republic.
  9. Kallas and Malberg were born in Estonia, which was at the time of their birth a part of the Russian Empire; now it is an independent country.
  10. Finland was then an autonomous part of the Russian Empire.
  11. Disputed: a November 2018 study advanced the hypothesis that Calment's daughter Yvonne usurped her identity in 1934. Yvonne was born on 19 January 1898, which would have made her 99 years old upon her death in 1997.[9]
  12. Holtz was born in Czarnikau, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Czarnków and located in Poland.
  13. Gerneth was born in Stettin, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now part of Poland.
  14. Karnarou and Pandazes were born in the Kingdom of Greece; it is now Greece.
  15. Hungary was at that time part of Austria-Hungary.
  16. Björnsdóttir, Pálsdóttir and Ólafsson were born in Iceland, which was at the time of their birth a part of Denmark; now it is an independent country.
  17. d'Abreu was a native of Dharwar, which was then a part of the British Raj; it is now located in India.
  18. Snavely and Plunket were born in Ireland, which was part of the United Kingdom before the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921
  19. Kristal and Pogonowska were born in Congress Poland, part of the Russian Empire, which is today Poland.
  20. Brown was born in Jamaica, then a British colony.
  21. Mitušova was born in Latvia, which was then a part of the Russian Empire.
  22. Tura was born in Lebanon, which was then a part of the Ottoman Empire.
  23. Kristopaitiene was a native of Geldauschinken, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Lithuania.
  24. Galea was born in Malta, then a British colony.
  25. Steinberg was born in Kishinev, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Moldova.
  26. Anderson was born in New Zealand, which was at the time of her birth a British colony; now it is an independent country.
  27. Kristal was born in Congress Poland, part of the Russian Empire, which is today Poland.
  28. Juniewicz was born in Krupsko, which was then part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine.
  29. Corba was born in Izgar, which was then part of the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in Romania.
  30. Hasenkampf and Kuznetsoff were natives of the Russian Empire; it is now Russia.
  31. Hill was a native of Saint Kitts and Nevis, which were then part of the British Leeward Islands.
  32. Brandes and Čeremugová were born in Slovakia, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary.
  33. Marinič and Dragoš were born in Slovenia, then a part of Austria-Hungary.
  34. Rein was born in Dziećkowice, near Mysłowice, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in Poland.
  35. Michelson was born in Elizabethgrad, which was then a part of the Russian Empire. It is now part of Ukraine
  36. Åland Islands, Finland was then an autonomous part of the Russian Empire.
  37. Puerto Rico was at that time a part of the Spanish Empire. It is now in the United States.
  38. The US Virgin Islands were at that time the Danish West Indies, a Danish colony. They are now in the United States.

References

  1. Guinness Book of Records. 1978 Edition.
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  5. "Tailoress born in Estonia Marta Kallas from Longueville lives to 109". dailytelegraph.com.au.
  6. "Marta KALLAS". The Sydney Morning Herald.
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  10. Dubault, Fabrice (12 February 2019). "Gard : l'Alésienne soeur André, doyenne des Français, a fêté ses 115 ans à Toulon" [Gard: Sister André from Alès, oldest woman in France, celebrated her 115th birthday in Toulon] (in French). France 3. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  11. Online, FOCUS. "Besuch will ich nicht: Ältester Mann Deutschlands wird 112".
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  15. "A világ tíz legöregebb embere". NG.hu. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
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  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  21. Murphy, Cormac (10 January 2014). "Irish woman Kathleen set for record 112th birthday". Irish Independent. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
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  25. "P.-O. : joyeux 110e Noël pour la doyenne libanaise d'Argelès-sur-Mer, Adma Tura".
  26. "Lietuvos ilgaamžiškumo rekordininkė Emilija Krištopaitienė švenčia 111-ąjį gimtadienį". 15min.lt. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  27. Abromavičienė, Lina. "Šiaulietė Emilija Krištopaitienė – vyriausia Lietuvos gyventoja". 15min.lt. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  28. "La doyenne du Luxembourg célèbre son 110ème anniversaire" (in French). Luxemburger Wort. 4 March 2018.
  29. "Gedenken: Madame Germaine Kauffmann" (in Luxembourgish). gedenken.lu. 19 January 2019.
  30. Department of Information Malta. "Quddiesa ta' Radd il-Hajr fl-okkazjoni ta' gheluq snin l-ixjeh Mara f'Malta u Ghawdex". Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  31. TimeOfMtitle=Quddiesa ta' Radd il-Hajr fl-okkazjoni ta' gheluq snin l-ixjeh Mara f'Malta u Ghawdexalta.com (18 February 2003). "Oldest woman dies". Retrieved 31 July 2016.
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  33. "Muere a los 110 años - ¡Al chile!". 22 January 2018.
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  35. "N.J. man, 110, remembers cranking motorcars to start them". NJ.com.
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  39. Igor Ľudma (17 October 2016). "Najstaršia Slovenka Mária (107) zažila 14 panovníkov: Neuveríte, kedy sa naučila čítať a písať!". cas.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 17 April 2017.
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  44. https://www.dnevnik.si/1042817008
  45. Killgren, Sandra (25 July 2019). "Sveriges äldste man är död – blev 111 år gammal" [Sweden's oldest man has died - he was 111]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  46. https://www.lausannecites.ch/le-journal/agglomeration/le-plus-vieux-vaudois-sur-terre-110-ans
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