List of tallest buildings in Sydney

Sydney, the largest city in Australia, is home to 1,168 completed high-rise buildings, the most in an Australian city.[1] Although the tallest buildings in the city were traditionally predominantly concentrated in the central business district, suburbs within the Sydney metropolitan area, such as Chatswood and Parramatta have seen a growth in the development of high rises and skyscrapers in recent years.

As of July 2019, the entire city (including metropolitan suburbs) has 38 buildings that rise at least 150 metres (490 ft) in height – the second–highest number of skyscrapers in Australia.[2][3][4]

History

The earliest high-rise constructed in Sydney was Culwulla Chambers, which stands at a height of 50 metres (160 ft) and was completed in 1912. Designed by Spain, Cosh and Minnett, the building consisted of 14 floors and cost £100,000 to build, equivalent of approximately $1 million in today's money.[5]

Sydney originally had a 46-metre (151 ft) height limit that was enforced until 1957.[6][7] The abolition of this limit saw a construction boom for skyscrapers and buildings beginning in the early 1960s with the construction of the Australia Square, notable for being the world's tallest light weight concrete building at the time it was built[8][9] and is also notable for being the first skyscraper in Australia. Since August 1981, the tallest structure in Sydney is the Sydney Tower, at 309 m (1,014 ft).[10] However, according to the international standard of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, observation towers are not fully habitable and do not count as buildings.[3] Hence, the tallest building in Sydney is the Chifley Tower, which was completed in 1992 and stands at 244 m (801 ft). It is also the tenth-tallest building in Australia.

A recent 235-metre (771 ft) height restriction implementation had slowed Sydney's high-rise developments. However, this height restriction was lifted in 2016 which now allows buildings to be built as high as 310 metres (1,020 ft) on condition that public spaces are not overshadowed.[11] This was raised to 330 metres (1,080 ft) at the end of 2019.[12]

Sydney's most recent residential tower, 505 George Street, will rise 270 metres, comprising 80 stories much of it serviced apartments. As the tower penetrates Sydney Airport's Obstacle Limitation Surfaces (OLS) it will require an Aeronautical Impact assessment approval.[13]

Tallest buildings and structures

This list ranks completed buildings and structures in Sydney that stands at least 150m (492ft) tall, including new buildings which have fully reached their architectural height. All structures are measured to the highest architectural detail, including spires

Rank Name Image Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Year Purpose Location Address Notes
Sydney Tower 309 1014 19 1981 Observation Tower CBD 100 Market Street Although the tallest structure in Sydney, Sydney Tower is not considered a habitable building by the CTBUH as it is primarily an observation tower. 275 m to roof.
1 Chifley Tower 244 801 50 1992 Commercial CBD 2 Chifley Square Officially the tallest building in Sydney since 1992. It was one of the most expensive buildings in the world at A$1.2 billion. Designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox.[14]
2 Citigroup Centre 243 797 50 2000 Commercial CBD 2 Park Street Designed by Crone Partners
3 Deutsche Bank Place 240 787 39 2005 Commercial CBD 126 Phillip Street The second-tallest building in the world with fewer than 40 floors (Al Faisaliyah Center (Riyadh) is taller at 267m). 160m to roof. Designed by Norman Foster.
4 Meriton World Tower 230 754 75 2004 Residential CBD 85 Liverpool Street Tallest residential building in Sydney since 2004. Tallest building in Sydney without a spire. Part of the World Square complex. Designed by Nation Fender Katsalidis.
5 MLC Centre 228 748 60 1977 Commercial CBD 19 Martin Place 244m to antenna and 227m to roof. Tallest building in Sydney from 1977 to 1992. Designed by Harry Seidler.
6 Governor Phillip Tower 227 745 54 1993 Commercial CBD 1 Farrer Place 254m to antenna and 227m to roof. Tallest Building in Sydney to antenna. Designed by Denton Corker Marshall.[15]
7 Ernst & Young Tower 222 728 45 2004 Commercial CBD 680 George Street 190m to roof. Part of the World Square complex.
8 RBS Tower 219 718 41 2000 Commercial CBD 88 Phillip Street More commonly known as Aurora Place but officially RBS Tower. 188m to roof. Designed by Renzo Piano.[16]
9 International Tower 1 217 711 50 2016 Commercial Barangaroo 100 Barangaroo Avenue Designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners.[17]
10 ANZ Tower 195 639 46 2013 Commercial CBD 161 Castlereagh Street Designed by Francis-Jones Morehen Thorp
11 Suncorp Place 193 633 48 1982 Commercial CBD 259 George Street Construction began in 1970 and was not completed until 1982, as the project was delayed many times.
12 AMP Centre 188 616 45 1976 Commercial CBD 50 Bridge Street Tallest building in Sydney from 1976–1977. Currently undergoing major redevelopment/refurbishment, will become Quay Quarter Tower. Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
13 Century Tower 183 600 50 1997 Residential CBD 343 Pitt Street Tallest residential building in Sydney from 1997–2004.
14 Grosvenor Place 180 590 45 1988 Commercial CBD 225 George Street Designed by Harry Seidler.[18]
15 International Tower 2 178 583 43 2015[19] Commercial Barangaroo 200 Barangaroo Avenue Designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners.
16 Altitude Apartments - Tower A 177 581 55 2017[20] Residential Parramatta 330 Church Street
17 Capita Centre 173 567 31 1989 Commercial CBD 9 Castlereagh Street Designed by Harry Seidler.[21]
=18 Australia Square Tower 170 557 46 1967 Commercial CBD 264 George Street Tallest building in Sydney from 1967–1976. Designed by Harry Seidler.
=18 Meriton Tower 170 557 48 2006 Residential CBD 551 George Street Designed by Harry Seidler.
=18 Metro Grand Residences 170 557 40 2014 Residential Chatswood 438 Victoria Avenue [22]
=21 The Peak Apartments 168 551 46 1996 Residential Haymarket 2 Quay Street Tallest residential building in Sydney from 1996–1997. Part of the Market City complex.
=21 International Tower 3 168 551 40 2016 Commercial Barangaroo 300 Barangaroo Avenue Designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners.[23]
=23 1 O'Connell Street N/A 166 544 36 1991 Commercial CBD 1 O'Connell Street Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
=23 Westpac Place 166 544 35 2005 Commercial CBD 275 Kent Street Designed by Johnson Pilton Walker
25 201 Elizabeth Street 165 541 40 1978 Commercial CBD 201 Elizabeth Street Formerly known as the Pacific Power Building. There are plans to demolish the building to build a new 174m residential building
26 Gateway Plaza 164 538 46 1989 Commercial CBD 1 Macquarie Place Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.[24]
27 HSBC Centre 162 531 37 1988 Commercial CBD 580 George Street Formerly known as The Pavilion Building.
=28 Cove Apartments 158 518 45 2003 Residential CBD 129 Harrington Street Designed by Harry Seidler.
=28 6 Parramatta Square N/A 158 518 39 2019 Commercial Parramatta 6 Parramatta Square Topped out in July 2019. Expected to be completed by 2019
=30 Hordern Towers N/A 156 511 48 1999 Residential CBD 401 Pitt Street Part of the World Square Complex.
=30 1 Denison Street (Channel 9 Studios) N/A 156 511 48 ~2020 Commercial North Sydney 1 Denison Street Topped out in December 2019
=32 EY Sweeney 155 508 40 2015 Commercial CBD 200 George Street Designed by Francis-Jones Morehen Thorp.[25]
=32 Metro Spire Residences 155 508 37 2014 Residential Chatswood 440 Victoria Avenue [26]
=34 100 Mount Street N/A 152 498 39 2019 Commercial North Sydney 100 Mount Street Completed in June 2019
=34 Angel Place N/A 152 498 35 2000 Commercial CBD 123 Pitt Street Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
=34 Sydney Central N/A 152 498 31 1992 Commercial CBD 477 Pitt Street
=37 85 Castlereagh Street 151 495 32 2011 Commercial CBD 85 Castlereagh Street Part of the Sydney Tower complex. Also known as the JP Morgan building. Designed by John Wardle Architects.[27]
=37 Lumière Residences 151 495 47 2007 Residential CBD 487 George Street Designed by Norman Foster.

Buildings above 200 metres in height

Tallest buildings proposed, approved and under construction

This is a list of 150m+ proposed, approved and under construction skyscrapers in Sydney.[28][29]

  Under Construction
  Approved
  Proposed
  Topped Out
Name Height Storeys Purpose Completion Location Status
m ft
56 Pitt Street 305 1,001 75 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
Crown Sydney 271 889 75 Mixed Use 2021 Barangaroo Under construction[30]
505 George Street 270 890 80 Residential TBA Sydney CBD Proposed[31]
197 Church Street 266 873 80 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
20-22 Macquarie Street 265 869 85 Mixed Use TBA Parramatta Proposed
Salesforce Tower 263 863 54 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Under Construction
338 Pitt Street Tower 1 258 846 80 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed[32]
338 Pitt Street Tower 2 258 846 80 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed[32]
One Sydney Harbour Tower 1 247 810 70 Residential 2023 Barangaroo Under Construction
Greenland Centre Sydney 237 778 68 Residential TBA Sydney CBD Under construction[33][34]
133 Liverpool Street 235 771 70 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
Aspire Parramatta 233 764 52 Commercial 2022 Parramatta Under construction[35]
Ritz-Carlton Hotel 231 758 65 Mixed Use TBA Pyrmont Proposed[36]
7 Hassall Street 220 720 63 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
2 O'Connell Street 217 712 66 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
Quay Quarter Tower 216 709 54 Commercial 2020 Sydney CBD Under Construction
100 Christie Street 215 705 65 Mixed Use TBA St Leonards Proposed
180 George Street North Tower 211 692 67 Residential TBA Parramatta Under Construction[37]
The Argyle Tower 210 690 46 Mixed Use TBA Parramatta Proposed[38]
48 Macquarie Street 210 690 61 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
One Sydney Harbour Tower 2 207 679 60 Residential 2023 Barangaroo Under Construction
4-6 Bligh Street 205 673 55 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
112 Talavera Road - Building B 205 673 60 Residential TBA Macquarie Park Proposed
8 Phillip Street 198 650 58 Residential TBA Parramatta Under Construction
1 Alfred Street 197 646 59 Residential TBA Sydney CBD Under Construction[39]
Fiveways Triangle Site - North Tower 193 633 60 Residential 2023 Crows Nest Proposed
195 Church Street 193 633 45 Mixed Use TBA Parramatta Approved
12 Hassall Street 192 630 61 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
Darling Park Tower 4 192 630 46 Commercial TBA Darling Harbour Proposed[40]
St Leonards Central Tower 1 190 620 55 Mixed Use TBA St Leonards Proposed
286-300 Church Street 190 620 ~60 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
87 Church Street 187 614 55 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
180 George Street South Tower 186 610 59 Residential TBA Parramatta Under Construction[41]
Western Gateway - Block A 184 604 36 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
142 Macquarie Street 180 590 32 Mixed Use TBA Parramatta Proposed
86-88 Walker Street 180 590 47 Mixed Use TBA North Sydney Under Construction
617-621 Pacific Highway 175 574 50 Mixed Use TBA St Leonards Proposed
201 Elizabeth Street 174 571 51 Residential TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
Martin Place Metro Tower 174 571 40 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Under Construction
295 Church Street 173 568 50 Residential TBA Parramatta Proposed
New Life 172 564 55 Residential TBA St Leonards Proposed
45 Victor Street 170 560 50 Residential TBA Chatswood Proposed
City Tattersalls Club Tower 168 551 48 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
St Leonards Central Tower 2 168 551 48 Mixed Use TBA St Leonards Proposed
189 Macquarie Street North Tower 167 548 54 Residential TBA Parramatta On Hold
Victoria Cross Metro Station Tower 167 548 40 Commercial 2023 North Sydney Proposed
Harbourside 166 545 50 Residential TBA Darling Harbour Proposed[42]
33 Bligh Street 165 541 30 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD On Hold
Pitt Street Metro Station Tower 1 164 538 47 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Approved
Fiveways Triangle Site - South Tower 162 531 50 Residential 2023 Crows Nest Proposed
Western Gateway - The Lanterns Tower 1 160 520 33 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
Western Gateway - The Lanterns Tower 2 160 520 33 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
1 Denison Street (Channel Nine Studios) 159 522 39 Commercial 2020 North Sydney Topped Out[43]
Norwest City Marketown - Tower B1 158 518 44 Mixed Use TBA Baulkham Hills Proposed
4 Parramatta Square 158 518 31 Commercial 2020 Parramatta Topped Out[44]
116 Macquarie Street 156 512 48 Residential TBA Parramatta Approved
41 McLaren Street 156 512 45 Mixed Use TBA North Sydney Proposed
173 - 179 Walker Street 156 512 47 Residential TBA North Sydney Proposed
55 Pitt Street 156 512 35 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
74 Church Street 155 509 44 Mixed Use TBA Parramatta Proposed
The Landmark, 500 Pacific Highway 152 499 46 Mixed Use TBA St Leonards Under Construction[45]
The Lennox 152 499 41 Residential TBA Parramatta Under Construction
195 Church Street 152 499 43 Mixed Use TBA Parramatta Approved
88 Christie Street 152 499 49 Mixed Use TBA St Leonards Under Construction
59 Goulburn Street 150 490 40 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
112 Talavera Road - Building D 150 490 45 Residential TBA Macquarie Park Proposed
Pitt Street Metro Station Tower 2 150 490 35 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Approved
Crows Nest Metro Tower 1 150 490 27 Mixed Use TBA Crows Nest Proposed
Crows Nest Metro Tower 2 150 490 27 Mixed Use TBA Crows Nest Proposed
Crows Nest Metro Tower 3 150 490 17 Mixed Use TBA Crows Nest Proposed
525 George Street 150 490 40 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed

Timeline of tallest buildings

Includes tallest structures for comparison.[3][46][47]

Name Years as tallest Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Notes
St James' Church 1824–1875 52 170
Town Hall 1875–1879 57 187 4 Clock tower added in 1875.
Garden Palace 1879–1882 64 209 2 Destroyed by fire in 1882, site is today part of the Royal Botanic Gardens.
Town Hall 1882–1891 57 187 4
General Post Office 1891–1939 73 239 5
Sydney Harbour Bridge 134 439 Tallest structure in Sydney 1932–1956.
AWA Tower 1939–1962 112 367 14
TCN TV Tower 171 561 Tallest structure in Sydney 1956–65, replaced by taller 233 m tower in 1965.
AMP Building 1962–1965 115 377 26
TCN TV Tower 233 764 Tallest structure in Sydney 1965–81; tallest lattice tower in Australia; replaced original 1956 tower.
State Office Block 1965–1967 128 419 38 Demolished in 1997 to make way for Aurora Place.
Australia Square Tower 1967–1976 170 557 46
AMP Centre 1976–1977 188 616 45 Reconstructed structure in 2018 to make way for Quay Quarter Tower.
MLC Centre 1977–1992 228 748 60
Sydney Tower 309 1013 19 Tallest structure in Sydney 1981–present.
Chifley Tower 1992–present 244 801 50 Tallest building in Sydney; 10th-tallest building in Australia.

See also

References

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  2. Sydney - The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 5 June 2016
  3. "existing | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  4. "Sydney's tallest buildings - Top 20". Emporis. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
  5. "Sydney's first skyscraper". State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
  6. "Modernism". australia.gov.au. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  7. McMahon, Bill (2001). The Architecture of East Australia: An Architectural History. Edition Axel Menges. p. 64. ISBN 9783930698905.
  8. "Biography: Harry Seidler AC OBE LFRAIA". architecture.com.au. The Australian Institute of Architects. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
  9. "Planning". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
  10. "Centrepoint Tower". Sydney Architecture. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  11. "Sydney is growing while Melbourne shrinks". Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  12. "330M towers set to supercharge Sydney skyline". The Daily Telegraph.
  13. "270 metre tall Event Cinema, George Street tower needs Aeronautical Impact approval". www.propertyobserver.com.au. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  14. Chifley Tower - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 21 January 2015
  15. Governor Phillip Tower. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  16. Aurora Place - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  17. International Towers Tower 1 - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  18. Grosvenor Place - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  19. Tower 2 International Towers Sydney - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 2 January 2015
  20. "Altitude Apartments Tower A". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  21. Castlereagh Centre - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  22. Metro Grand Residences – The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 5 June 2016
  23. Tower 2 International Towers Sydney - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 5 June 2016
  24. Gateway Plaza - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  25. 200 George Street – Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 16 December 2015
  26. Metro Spire Residences – The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 5 June 2016
  27. 85 Castlereagh Street - The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  28. "Sydney". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
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  32. "338 Pitt Street Sydney". Planning Portal NSW. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  33. Tower Crane Installation. greenlandcentrecommunity. Retrieved 8 December 2015
  34. "Greenland Centre Sydney Construction Commenced". Greenland. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  35. http://eplanning.parracity.nsw.gov.au/Pages/XC.Track/SearchApplication.aspx?id=468568
  36. "Construction of a new hotel and residential tower and alterations to existing building". NSW Government. Planning and Environment. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  37. http://eplanning.parracity.nsw.gov.au/Pages/XC.Track/SearchApplication.aspx?id=501657
  38. The Argyle Tower - The Skyscraper Center. The Skyscraper Center
  39. "Who will be the architect of Sydney's most expensive new apartment at Circular Quay?". Architecture and Design.
  40. "Demolition of existing structures Staged DA". NSW Government Planning and Environment.
  41. http://eplanning.parracity.nsw.gov.au/Pages/XC.Track/SearchApplication.aspx?id=501657
  42. "Redevelopment of Harbourside Shopping Centre". NSW Government Planning and Environment. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  43. "Modification to MP08_0238 - Commercial and Hotel development Berry/Walker Street". NSW Planning and Environment. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  44. "Subscribe | theaustralian". www.theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  45. "New Sky Homes at Landmark Heralds St Leonards' Urban Transformation". Elite Agent Magazine. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  46. "demolished | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  47. "TCN's new tower is quite an Eiffel!". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  • Emporis (General database for Skyscrapers)
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