List of tallest buildings in Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, the second-largest city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, is home to 137 completed high-rises,[1] 29 of which stand at least 300 feet (91 m) tall. The tallest building in Pittsburgh is the 64-story U.S. Steel Tower, which rises 841 feet (256 m) and was completed in 1970.[2] It also stands as the fifth tallest building in Pennsylvania and the 63rd-tallest building in the United States. The second-tallest skyscraper in the city is BNY Mellon Center, which rises 725 feet (221 m).[3]

The history of skyscrapers in Pittsburgh began with the 1895 completion of the Carnegie Building; this structure, rising 13 floors, was the first steel-framed skyscraper to be constructed in the city.[4][5] It never held the title of tallest structure in the city, however, as it did not surpass the 249-foot (76 m) tower of the Allegheny County Courthouse, which was completed in 1888.[6] The Carnegie Building was later demolished in 1952 to make way for an expansion of a Kaufmann's (now Macy's) department store.[7] Pittsburgh experienced a large building boom from the late 1960s to the late 1980s. During this time, 12 of the city's 21 tallest buildings were constructed, including the city's three tallest structures, the U.S. Steel Tower, BNY Mellon Center, and PPG Place. The city is the site of 10 skyscrapers at least 492 feet (150 m) in height, of which two rank among the tallest in the United States. As of 2019, the skyline of Pittsburgh is ranked 18th in the United States and 80th in the world with 26 buildings rising at least 330 feet (100 m) in height.[8]

Unlike many other major American cities, Pittsburgh was the site of relatively few skyscraper construction projects in the 2000s, with Three PNC Plaza being the only skyscraper taller than 300 feet (91 m) completed in the decade. The most recent completed high-rise development in Pittsburgh is the 545-foot (166 m) Tower at PNC Plaza, completed in 2015. Overall, as of December, 2019, there were no high-rise buildings under construction and one proposed for construction in Pittsburgh.[9]

Tallest buildings

This list ranks Pittsburgh skyscrapers that stand at least 300 feet (91 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

  Was Pennsylvania's tallest building upon completion
Rank Name Image Height
ft (m)
Floors Year Notes
1 U.S. Steel Tower 841 (256) 64 1970 52nd-tallest building in the United States, 5th tallest in Pennsylvania. Has been the tallest building in the city since 1970, and was the tallest building in the state from 1970 until the 1987 completion of One Liberty Place in Philadelphia. Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1970s. Known as the USX Tower between 1986 and 2000.[2][10] Corporate headquarters of U.S. Steel[11]and UPMC[12].
2 BNY Mellon Center 725 (221) 54 1984 103rd tallest building in the U.S. Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1980s. Formerly known as One Mellon Center during its period as corporate headquarters of Mellon Financial.[3][13] Bank of New York Mellon currently has its largest concentration of employees in the facility.[14]
3 One PPG Place 635 (194) 40 1984 Corporate headquarters of PPG Industries and co-headquarters of Kraft Heinz.[15][16][17]
4 Fifth Avenue Place 616 (188) 31 1988 Corporate headquarters of Highmark.[18][19][20]
5 One Oxford Centre 615 (187) 45 1983 Corporate headquarters of Oxford Development[21][22][23]
6 Gulf Tower 582 (177) 44 1932 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1930s.[24][25]Name references structure's status as former headquarters of Gulf Oil, although the site has functioned as a multi-tenant building since 1982.[26]
7 Tower at PNC Plaza 545 (166) 33 2015 Part of PNC Financial Services corporate headquarters.[27][28][29]
8 Cathedral of Learning 535 (163) 42 1936 Second-tallest university building in the world, behind the main building of Moscow State University. Tallest building in the city located outside of Downtown. Landmark structure of the University of Pittsburgh.[30][31]
9 525 William Penn Place 520 (158) 41 1951 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1950s.[32][33]Originally housed corporate headquarters of both U.S. Steel and Mellon Financial. Signage rights belong to largest tenant Citizens Financial Group.[34]
10 K&L Gates Center 511 (156) 39 1968 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1960s. Originally known as One Oliver Plaza and formerly named for lead tenants FreeMarkets and later Ariba.[35][36] Corporate headquarters of K&L Gates.[37]
11 Grant Building 485 (148) 40 1929 Signage rights belong to largest tenant Huntington Bancshares[38][39][40]
12 Koppers Tower 475 (145) 34 1929 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1920s.[41][42]Corporate headquarters of Koppers.[43]
13 Two PNC Plaza 445 (136) 34 1975 Part of PNC Financial Services corporate headquarters.[44][45]
14 EQT Plaza 430 (131) 32 1987 Corporate headquarters of EQT. Formerly named for CNG and Dominion Energy before these entities were acquired via merger.[46][47][48]
15 One PNC Plaza 424 (129) 30 1972 Part of PNC Financial Services corrporate headquarters.[49][50]
16 The Residences at the Alcoa Building 410 (125) 30 1953 First skyscraper with an all-aluminum facade. Formerly the corporate headquarters of Alcoa before its relocation to a low-rise structure. Then known as the Regional Enterprises Tower during a period of multi-tenant occupancy. [51][52] Converted to the city's tallest residential structure in 2016.[53].
17 Three PNC Plaza 361 (110) 23 2009 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 2000s. Part of PNC Financial Services corporate headquarters. Tallest mixed-used structure in the city, as it also features a hotel[54]. Signage rights owned by largest tenant Reed Smith.[55].[56]
18 Federated Tower 358 (109) 27 1982 Corporate headquarters of Federated Investors.[57][58][59]
19 11 Stanwix Street 355 (108) 23 1969 Former corporate headquarters of Westinghouse Electric Corporation[60]. Signage rights owned by largest tenant KeyBank[61][62][63]
20 Oliver Building 347 (106) 25 1910 Tallest existing building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1910s.[64][65]In 2015, one-third of the structure's floor space was converted from office to hotel use.[66]
21 Three Gateway Center 344 (105) 24 1952 [67][68]
22 Centre City Tower 341 (104) 26 1971 Signage rights owned by largest tenant Huntington Bancshares[69][70][71]
23 William S. Moorhead Federal Building 340 (104) 23 1964 [72][73]
24 Verizon Building 339 (103) 20 1923 [74][75]
25 Wyndham Grand Pittsburgh Downtown 333 (101) 22 1959 Tallest all-hotel building in the city. Formerly operated as a Hilton property.[76][77]
26 Frick Building 330 (101) 20 1902 Tallest existing building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1900s.[78][79]
27 Four Gateway Center 305 (93) 22 1960 [80][81]
28= City View 300 (91) 24 1964 Apartment structure. Formerly known as Washington Plaza.[82][83]
28= Commonwealth Building - 300 (91) 21 1906 Currently under redevelopment as an apartment building.[84][85][86]
28= The Carlyle 300 (91) 21 1906 Converted to condominiums in 2006[87]. While serving as an office building, was named for Union National Bank and, later, its successor Integra Bank.[88][89]
  • indicates building is still under construction, but has been topped out

Timeline of tallest buildings

This list shows chronologically the buildings that held the title of tallest building in Pittsburgh.

Name Image Street address Years as tallest Height
ft (m)
Floors Reference
Trinity Episcopal Cathedral 328 Sixth Avenue 1872–1888 200 (61) N/A [90]
Allegheny County Courthouse 436 Grant Street 1888–1902 249 (76) 5 [6]
Farmers Bank Building[A] 301 Fifth Avenue 1902–1910 344 (105) 27 [91]
Oliver Building 535 Smithfield Street 1910–1912 347 (106) 25 [65]
First National Bank Building[B] 511 Wood Street at Fifth Avenue 1912–1928 387 (118) 26 [92]
Grant Building 330 Grant Street 1928–1932 485 (148) 40 [40]
Gulf Building 707 Grant Street 1932–1970 582 (177) 44 [25]
U.S. Steel Tower 600 Grant Street 1970–present 841 (256) 64 [10]

Tallest destroyed

This list ranks Pittsburgh skyscrapers that stood at least 300 feet (91 m) tall but have since been demolished or destroyed.

Name Height
feet (m)
Floors Year
Completed
Year
Destroyed
Notes
First National Bank Building387 (118)2619121970Demolished to make room for One PNC Plaza.[93][94]
Farmers Bank Building344 (105)2719021997Demolished to construct Lazarus department store.[95][96]

See also

Notes

A. ^ This building was demolished in 1997 due to lack of tenants.[97]
B. ^ This building was demolished in 1970 to make room for One PNC Plaza.[98]

References

General
Specific
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  15. https://news.ppg.com/facts-sheet
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  18. https://www.highmarkhealth.org/hmk/contact/index.shtml
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  46. https://www.eqt.com/contact/regional-locations
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  75. "Bell Telephone Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
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  90. "Trinity Episcopal Cathedral". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
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Further reading

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