List of tallest buildings in Melbourne

Melbourne, the second-largest city in Australia, is home to approximately 758 completed high-rise buildings.[1] Of those completed and or topped-out, 52 buildings are defined as "skyscrapers" (buildings which reach a height of at least 150 metres (490 ft)); more than any other city in Australia. Of the ten tallest buildings in Australia, seven are located in Melbourne. Most of Melbourne's tallest skyscrapers are concentrated in the City Centre precinct; however, other locations of prominent skyscrapers and tall buildings in Melbourne include Carlton, Docklands, Southbank, South Melbourne, South Yarra and St Kilda Road.

Geographically, Melbourne's central business district comprises a western skyline and an eastern skyline. Buildings are more densely packed in the west than the east, although the east has two of the city's tallest buildings to architectural feature—120 Collins Street and 101 Collins Street, respectively, whilst the Rialto Towers (located on the west side) is tallest by roof. As a whole, the city overtook Sydney in 2011 as having the tallest skyline in the country and the 24th–tallest in the world, when the heights of the top ten tallest buildings in the city are combined.[2]

Historically, Melbourne has represented several "firsts" and been the holder of various records, both in Australia and internationally. The city is notable for being one of the first cities in the world to build numerous tall office buildings, alongside New York City and Chicago in the United States, though Melbourne's first skyscraper boom was very short lived. Melbourne was the location for Australia's first high–rise, the APA Building, constructed during this boom in 1889.[3] Melbourne was also the location for the first modern post-WW2 high-rise, ICI House built in 1958.[3] From 1986 to 2005, three of Melbourne's skyscrapers held the title of tallest building in Australia, with the Rialto Towers (1986–91), 101 Collins Street (1991) and 120 Collins Street (1991–2005). Since 2006, the city has been home to the second-tallest building in the country, the Eureka Tower (2006–19) and Australia 108 (2019–present); surpassed only by the Gold Coast's Q1, both the Eureka Tower, and later Australia 108, have maintained the title of tallest building in Australia to roof.

History and specifications

19th century

The late 1880s 'land boom' saw the construction of approximately a dozen 'lofty edifices' of 8 to 10 floors, made possible by the introduction of a pressurised hydraulic power network to operate lifts, and taking load bearing brickwork to great heights.[4] The APA Building (Australian Building) at 12 floors plus spire, was by far the tallest, and can claim to be Australia's first 'skyscraper' and amongst the tallest building in the world when completed in 1889.[3] Aside from the APA Building, a total of 11 'skyscrapers' were located in the Melbourne city centre during this period, including the Finks Building and the Prell's Building. Many of the high-rises of this era were constructed in a Victorian or Queen Anne architecture, which led to the Miles Lewis comment that Melbourne had become a "Queen Anne Chicago".[5] None of them, however, were preserved and most were torn down between the 1960s and early 70s.

20th century

Melbourne was the first city in Australia to undergo a post-war high-rise boom beginning in the late 1950s, though Sydney in the following decades built more, with over 50 high-rise buildings constructed between the 1970s–90s.[6][7]

In 1972, 140 William Street (formerly BHP House) became Melbourne's first skyscraper to surpass the height of 150 metres. The William Street building was the city's tallest for a few years, and remains one of the few heritage registered skyscrapers in Melbourne. Slightly taller, the Optus Centre was completed in 1975; and then in 1977 Nauru House was crowned the tallest building in Melbourne, at a height of 182 metres. In 1978, what would be the first of two Collins Place towers was opened, at a height of 188 metres.

By the early 1980s, Melbourne had a total of 6 buildings above 150 metres, with the completion of the Wentworth (later Regent then Sofitel) Hotel at Collins Place in 1980. In 1986, the Rialto Towers surpassed Sydney's MLC Centre as the tallest building not only in Australia but in the Southern Hemisphere, with a height of 251 metres. At the time of its opening it was the 23rd–tallest building in the world.[8] The 1990s brought Melbourne another 9 buildings over 150 metres; 5 of which exceed heights of 200 metres. Specifically, 1991 saw the construction of the 260-metre-tall (850 ft) 101 Collins Street, which was crowned the tallest building in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere; it was surpassed in height later that year with the completion of the nearby 120 Collins Street.[9] The skyscraper, which stands at 266 metres in height, held the titles for tallest building in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere for fourteen years, until the completion of the Gold Coast's Q1 in 2005.

21st century

During the 2000s, over 20 high-rise structures were completed, including the Eureka Tower, which overtook 120 Collins Street as the tallest building in Melbourne, and further became the second-tallest in Australia (although tallest to its roof).[10][11] Eureka Tower was also the tallest residential building in the world, until surpassed by Ocean Heights and the HHHR Tower in Dubai. It is currently the 15th-tallest apartment building in the world.[12]

Such trend has continued throughout the 2010s, with Prima Pearl, Victoria One, Aurora Melbourne Central, and Swanston Central being constructed, all of which stand above 230 metres (750 ft) in height. This feat has been described as the "Manhattanization of Melbourne".[13] From the beginning of the decade, the city has experienced an "unprecedented" high-rise construction boom;[14][15][16] of buildings expected to reach 150 metres (or above) in height, 6 have topped-out, 15 are under-construction, 30 have received approval, and another few have been proposed—more than any other city in Australia.[1][17] In 2019, the topping-out of Australia 108 saw it surpass the Eureka Tower as the tallest building in Melbourne and the tallest building in Australia to roof; it also became Australia's first skyscraper to comprise at least 100 floors, and Melbourne's first building to be defined as a "supertall" skyscraper (buildings which reach heights of 300 metres to 600 metres). Of those buildings currently under construction and expected to be completed in the 2020s, one project will surpass 250 metres (820 ft) in height; West Side Place Tower 1.

The proliferation of skyscrapers in Australia over the past decades has also contributed to the city rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne.[18] Whilst the first skyscraper in Australia was constructed in Sydney in 1967 (Australia Square), Melbourne has had the most skyscrapers above 150 metres in the country and indeed within Oceania, for almost 33 years in total; from 1972 to 1989 (equal first with Sydney during 1972–74 and 1976–77), from 1991 to 1999, in 2006 (shared with Sydney), and again since 2015 (equal to Sydney from 2015 to 2016).[19]

Height limits

Following much discussion, a 40-metre (130 ft) height limit was introduced to Melbourne in 1916, along with regulations concerning fire-proof construction. This height is often said to have been the limit of fire ladders at the time, but this was an idea that the then fire chief allowed to be widely circulated even though the tallest ladder rose to only 25-metres (82 ft), in order to ensure that fire safety was paramount.[20] The main reasons for the limit, as well as fire proofing, were the preservation of light and air to the streets, avoiding congestion, and the influence of the City Beautiful movement, preferring evenly scaled streetscapes over those with buildings of varying heights.[21] The height limit remained in force for nearly 40 years, allowing only uninhabited 'architectural features' to project beyond the 40 metre limit. The Manchester Unity Building, for instance, achieved a total height of 64-metres (210 ft) to the top of its corner tower.

A variation was first granted in 1955 that enabled the construction of ICI House to a height of 81-metres (266 ft), and so Melbourne therefore became the first city in Australia to allow a modern high–rise.[22] The variation was on the basis that the design included an open garden space at ground level, introducing the concept of floor area ratio, where a total allowable floor area is used instead of a specific height limit. This was formalised by 'plot ratios' of 1:8 to 1:12 for different areas of the CBD in the "Borrie Report" in 1964,[23] which was modified into a series of 'plot ratio benefit' scheme in the early 1980s, where the upper level of floor area could only be achieved in return for certain public benefits, such as a public arcade. Plot ratios remained in force for every site until 1999, when the 'New Format' Planning Scheme included plot ratios for entire city blocks rather than individual sites, a control that was mostly ignored.[24] By the early 2010s, new towers in the CBD had average plot ratios of 37:1.[25]

In September 2015, the Minister for Planning, Richard Wynne, introduced a 12-month height limit of approximately 229-metres (751 ft) for all buildings proposed in the Melbourne City Centre and segments of Southbank, along with interim planning laws that re-introduced a floor area ratio of 18:1, which could be exceeded up to a maximum of 24:1 only with the provision of certain public benefits. Should projects exceed the plot ratio, developers will need to make a special case to the Minister, outlining the proposal's state significance.[26] These controls were made permanent in September 2016.[27] Buildings proposed prior to September 2015, such as Australia 108, which has a plot ratio of 46.6:1, were exempt from the new law.[28]

Precincts

Precinct of
Melbourne
CT-OU-CAP
Carlton10000
City Centre36312131
Docklands00010
Southbank823125
South Melbourne00030
South Yarra01000
St Kilda Road10000
Total46615296

The central business district skyline is broken down into two distinct sections: the east and west, divided by the Swanston Street.[29] The tallest buildings on the eastern side of the skyline are 120 Collins Street and 101 Collins Street, while the tallest on the western side are the Rialto Towers, 568 Collins Street and Bourke Place.

Significant new skylines have emerged outside of the Melbourne City Centre, especially within the inner-city suburb of Southbank. This precinct, located adjacent to the City Centre, includes some of the tallest buildings in Melbourne, such as Australia 108, Eureka Tower, and Prima Pearl.[30]

South Yarra, St Kilda Road (a locality adjacent to the City Centre), and the inner-city suburb Carlton, each comprise a skyscraper above 150 metres in height. Other inner-city suburbs, such as Docklands and South Melbourne each have skyscrapers (of heights reaching at least 150 metres) in proposed/approved or construction stages of development.[31]

Functions

Most of Melbourne's skyscrapers constructed by the 1990s were built for commercial purposes—specifically, used as offices. Exceptions to this, include the mixed-use building Sofitel Hotel (1980) on Collins Place, and the all-hotel Crown Towers (1997) in Southbank.[32] 2005 ushered in the first residential skyscrapers in Melbourne, with two built that year.[33] By 2010, 72% of skyscrapers built in Melbourne were of commercial use, 12% residential, 12% mixed-use, and 4% hotel.[34] The trend towards residential skyscrapers has continued significantly; in 2015, 58% of skyscrapers present within the city were of commercial use, 26% residential, 13% mixed-use and 3% hotel.[35] These figures are set to change dramatically by 2020; when factoring those buildings still under-construction (but to be completed by 2020), 40% of the city's skyscrapers will be of residential use, 33% commercial, 23% mixed-use, 2% hotel, and 2% government.[36]

Completed

Overall

Melbourne comprises 52 skyscrapers completed or topped out within the city, which stand at least 150 metres (490 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement.[17] Such measurement includes spires and architectural details, but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. An asterisk (*) indicates that the building is still under construction, but has topped out. The "built" column indicates the year in which a building was completed. Height: S = Spire, R = Roof. Height is measured to the nearest metre.

  Was Melbourne's tallest building when completed
Name
(Street address)
Image Height Total Floors Built Purpose Location Notes
S R
1 Australia 108*
(70 Southbank Boulevard)
316.7 m
(1,039 ft)
100 2020 Residential Southbank
37°49′23″S 144°57′50″E
2nd-tallest building in Australia; tallest building in Australia to roof. First proposed in 2014, construction commenced in 2015; having topped–out in late 2019, the project is expected to be completed in 2020. Tallest residential building in Australia to roof. First and only building in Melbourne to be designated a "supertall" skyscraper. First and only skyscraper in the Southern Hemisphere to comprise at least 100 floors. Tallest building to be completed during the 2020s.[37][38]
2 Eureka Tower
(7 Riverside Quay)
297.3 m
(975 ft)
91 2006 Residential Southbank
37°49′18″S 144°57′52″E
3rd-tallest building in Australia; 2nd-tallest building in Australia to roof. First proposed in 1999, construction commenced in 2001. Completed in 2006, it was the world's tallest residential tower when measured to its highest floor, until surpassed by Ocean Heights in Dubai, and the 35th–tallest building in the world overall.[39] As of December 2016, it is the 15th-tallest residential building in the world.[12] Tallest building in Australia to roof from 2006 to 2019. Tallest building completed during the 2000s.[40] Recipient of the 2006 Bronze Emporis Skyscraper Award.[41][42]
3 Aurora Melbourne Central
(250 La Trobe Street)
270.5 m
(887 ft)
84 2019 Residential City Centre
37°48′35.2″S 144°57′44.8″E
4th-tallest building in Australia; 4th-tallest building in Australia to roof. First proposed in 2014, construction commenced in 2015. Completed in 2019. Tallest building completed during the 2010s.[43][44][45]
4 120 Collins Street 266.6 m
(875 ft)
222.2 m
(729 ft)
52 1991 Office City Centre
37°48′51.2″S 144°58′10.9″E
6th-tallest building in Australia; 17th-tallest building in Australia to roof. First proposed in 1986, construction commenced in 1989. Completed in 1991, it became the 27th–tallest building in the world, and the tallest building in Australia, until the completion of Q1 on the Gold Coast, Queensland in 2005.[46] Tallest office building in Australia. Tallest building completed during the 1990s.[47][48][49]
5 101 Collins Street 260 m
(853 ft)
195 m
(640 ft)
50 1991 Office City Centre
37°48′54″S 144°58′14.8″E
7th-tallest building in Australia; 27th-tallest building in Australia to roof. First proposed in 1987, construction commenced in 1988. Completed in 1991, it was the 33rd–tallest building in the world, and briefly reigned as the tallest building in Australia, until the completion of 120 Collins Street later in 1991.[46] Tied 2nd-tallest office building in Australia.[50][51][52]
6 Prima Pearl
(31–49 Queensbridge Square)
254 m
(833 ft)
72 2014 Residential Southbank
37°49′22.6″S 144°57′41.0″E
9th-tallest building in Australia; 5th-tallest building in Australia to roof. First proposed in 2004, construction commenced in 2012 and it was completed in 2014.[53]
7 Rialto Towers
(525 Collins Street)
251.1 m
(824 ft)
63 1986 Office City Centre
37°49′7.4″S 144°57′26.9″E
10th-tallest building in Australia; 6th-tallest building in Australia to roof. First proposed in 1981, construction commenced in 1982. Completed in 1986, it became the tallest building in Australia and the 25th–tallest in the world,[54] until the former title was surpassed by 101 Collins Street in 1991. It remained the tallest building in Australia to roof, until the completion of the Eureka Tower, in 2006. Tallest building completed during the 1980s.[55][56]
8 Victoria One
(452 Elizabeth Street)
246.8 m
(810 ft)
78 2018 Residential City Centre
37°48′30.1″S 144°57′38.6″E
13th-tallest building in Australia; designed by Elenberg Fraser. First proposed in 2013, construction commenced in 2014, before being completed in 2018.[57][58][59][60]
9 Swanston Central
(168 Victoria Street)
236.7 m
(777 ft)
71 2019 Residential Carlton
37°48′16.7″S 144°56′42.4″E
19th-tallest building in Australia. First proposed in 2015, construction commenced in 2016, before being completed 2019. Tallest building within the Carlton precinct of Melbourne, and only building to reach a height of 150 metres in this precinct.[61][62][63]
10 Vision Apartments
(500 Elizabeth Street)
229 m
(751 ft)
70 2016 Residential City Centre
37°48′26″S 144°57′36.8″E
22nd-tallest building in Australia. First proposed in 2011, construction commenced in 2013, before being completed in 2016.[64]
11 (=) 568 Collins Street 224 m
(735 ft)
68 2015 Mixed Use City Centre
37°49′6.1″S 144°57′19.6″E
Equal 25th-tallest building in Australia.[65] First proposed in 2011, construction commenced in 2012, before being completed in 2015.[66]
Bourke Place
(600 Bourke Street)
224 m
(735 ft)
49 1991 Office City Centre
37°48′57″S 144°57′21.7″E
Equal 25th-tallest building in Australia. Completed in 1991, it was the 89th–tallest building in the world.[67] A 30 m communications mast sits atop the building.[68]
13 (=) Light House Melbourne
(450 Elizabeth Street)
218 m
(715 ft)
69 2017 Residential City Centre
37°48′30.1″S 144°57′38.6″E
Equal 30th-tallest building in Australia; designed by Elenberg Fraser. First proposed in 2013, construction commenced in 2015, before completion in 2017.[69]
Telstra Corporate Centre
(242 Exhibition Street)
218 m
(715 ft)
193 m
(633 ft)
47 1992 Office City Centre
37°48′34.1″S 144°58′10.9″E
Equal 30th-tallest building in Australia.[70][71]
15 Melbourne Central
(350 Elizabeth Street)
211 m
(692 ft)
53 1991 Office City Centre
37°48′39.2″S 144°57′43.2″E
34th-tallest building in Australia.[72]
16 Freshwater Place North
(1 Queensbridge Square)
205 m
(673 ft)
60 2005 Residential Southbank
37°49′18.7″S 144°57′41.5″E
36th-tallest building in Australia. Construction commenced in 2002, and the building was completed in 2005.[73]
17 Eq. Tower
(127–141 A'Beckett Street)
202 m
(663 ft)
63 2017 Residential City Centre
37°48′35.1″S 144°57′34.8″E
37th-tallest building in Australia; designed by Elenberg Fraser. First proposed in 2014, construction commenced in 2015, with a 2017 completion date.[74]
18 Empire Melbourne
(398 Elizabeth Street)
198.4 m
(651 ft)
62 2017 Residential City Centre
37°48′33.8″S 144°57′40.3″E
Designed by Hayball Architecture. First proposed in 2014, construction commenced in 2015. Completed in 2017.[75]
19 Collins House
(466 Collins Street)
189.6 m
(622 ft)
60 2019 Residential City Centre
37°49′3.25″S 144°57′31.1″E
Designed by Bates Smart. First proposed in 2013, construction commenced in 2017. Completed in 2019.[76][77]
20 (=) Sofitel Hotel at Collins Place
(35 Collins Street)
188 m
(617 ft)
50 1980 Mixed Use City Centre
37°48′50″S 144°58′22.9″E
Completed in 1980, it became the city's tallest building (equal with ANZ Tower at Collins Place), until it was surpassed by the Rialto Towers in 1986.[78][79]
ANZ Tower at Collins Place
(55 Collins Street)
188 m
(617 ft)
46 1978 Office City Centre
37°48′51.6″S 144°58′20.6″E
Completed in 1978, it became the city's tallest building and the 93rd–tallest building in the world overall,[80] with the former title equaled by the Sofitel Hotel in 1980, also at Collins Place. First proposed in 1970, construction commenced in 1973, and it was completed in 1978. Tallest building completed during the 1970s.[78][81]
22 Abode318
(312–318 Russell Street)
187.3 m
(615 ft)
57 2015 Residential City Centre
37°48′33.2″S 144°58′0.3″E
Designed by Elenberg Fraser. First proposed in 2007, construction commenced in 2011. Completed in 2015.[82]
23 80 Collins South*
(80 Collins Street)
187 m
(614 ft)
41 2020 Mixed Use City Centre
37°48′50.6″S 144°58′14.7″E
First proposed in 2016, construction commenced in 2017; having topped–out in mid 2019, the project is expected to be completed in 2020.[83][84]
24 80 Collins Street 182 m
(597 ft)
54 1977 Office City Centre
37°48′50.6″S 144°58′14.7″E
Completed in 1977, it briefly became the city's tallest building, until it was surpassed by the ANZ Tower at Collins Place in 1978. Also known as Nauru House.[78][85]
25 LK Tower*
(241 Toorak Road)
178 m
(584 ft)
52 2020 Residential South Yarra
37°50′21.3″S 144°59′42.7″E
First proposed in 2011, construction commenced in 2017; having topped–out in late 2019, the project is expected to be completed in 2020. Tallest building within the South Yarra precinct of Melbourne, and only building to reach a height of 150 metres in this precinct.[86][87][88]
26 MY80
(410 Elizabeth Street)
173 m
(568 ft)
55 2014 Residential City Centre
37°48′32.3″S 144°57′39.6″E
Designed by Hayball Architecture. First proposed in 2010, construction commenced in 2011, before being completed in 2014.[89]
27 Avant
(54 A'Beckett Street)
172 m
(564 ft)
55 2018 Residential City Centre
37°48′31.8″S 144°57′41.9″E
Designed by Elenberg Fraser. First proposed in 2015, construction commenced in 2016, before being completed in 2018.[90]
28 Victoria Police Centre Tower 2*
(311 Spencer Street)
171 m
(561 ft)
40 2020 Office City Centre
37°49′4.8″S 144°57′12.9″E
Construction commenced in 2017; having topped–out in mid 2019, the project is expected to be completed in 2020.[91][92]
29 Upper West Side Tower 5
(33 Rose Lane)
170 m
(558 ft)
53 2016 Residential City Centre
37°48′53.6″S 144°57′14.1″E
Tallest building of the Upper West Side complex. Building also referred to as 'Manhattan'. First proposed in 2011, construction commenced in 2013, before being completed in 2016.[93]
30 385 Bourke Street 169 m
(554 ft)
45 1983 Office City Centre
37°48′53.1″S 144°57′46.3″E
Designed by Norman Disney & Young[94]
31 Zen Apartments
(27 Therry Street)
167.8 m
(551 ft)
50 2012 Residential City Centre
37°48′25″S 144°57′39.8″E
Designed by Urban Design Architects. First proposed in 2008, construction commenced in 2009, before being completed in 2012.[95]
32 (=) Platinum Tower One
(245–263 City Road)
167 m
(548 ft)
52 2016 Residential Southbank
37°49′36.5″S 144°57′33.9″E
Designed by Squillace. First proposed in 2011, construction commenced in 2014, before being completed in 2016.[96]
530 Collins Street 167 m
(548 ft)
43 1991 Office City Centre
37°49′4″S 144°57′24.4″E
Designed by Peddle Thorp Architects[97]
34 (=) Southbank Place*
(54–68 Kavanagh Street)
166 m
(545 ft)
52 2019 Residential Southbank
37°49′27.5″S 144°57′49.4″E
Construction commenced in 2016; having topped–out in late 2018, the project is expected to be completed in 2019. Designed by Guildford Bell & Graham Fisher.[98][99]
Casselden Place
(2 Lonsdale Street)
166 m
(545 ft)
43 1992 Office City Centre
37°48′33.5″S 144°58′17.6″E
Designed by HASSELL[100]
36 The Fifth
(605–613 Lonsdale Street)
165.5 m
(543 ft)
51 2017 Residential City Centre
37°48′56″S 144°57′11″E
First proposed in 2014, construction commenced in 2015. Completed in 2017.[101]
37 Olderfleet*
(477 Collins Street)
165 m
(541 ft)
50 2020 Office City Centre
37°49′5″S 144°57′30″E
First proposed in 2015, construction commenced in 2017; having topped–out in mid 2019, the project is expected to be completed in 2020. Designed by Grimshaw Architects.[102][103]
38 Ernst & Young Tower
(8 Exhibition Street)
164.7 m
(540 ft)
40 2005 Mixed Use City Centre
37°48′55.4″S 144°58′22″E
Designed by Denton Corker Marshall.[51] First proposed in 2001, construction commenced in 2003. Completed in 2005.[104]
39 35 Spring Street 164.4 m
(539 ft)
43 2017 Residential City Centre
37°48′51″S 144°58′26.5″E
First proposed in 2013, construction commenced in 2014. Completed in 2017.[105][106]
40 SX Stage 1
(121 Exhibition Street)
163 m
(535 ft)
40 2005 Office City Centre
37°48′45.4″S 144°58′13.2″E
Designed by Woods Bagot Melbourne. Construction commenced in 2003, and it was completed in 2005.[107]
41 (=) Royal Domain Tower
(368 St Kilda Road)
162 m
(531 ft)
43 2005 Residential St Kilda Road
37°49′54.2″S 144°58′16.3″E
Tallest building within the St Kilda Road precinct of Melbourne, and only building to reach a height of 150 metres in this precinct. Designed by Meinhardt Group. Construction commenced in 2003, and it was completed in 2005.[108]
ANZ World Headquarters
(100 Queen Street)
162 m
(531 ft)
37 1993 Office City Centre
37°48′59.7″S 144°57′42.3″E
Designed by Peddle Thorp Architects[109]
43 National Bank House
(500 Bourke Street)
161 m
(528 ft)
40 1978 Office City Centre
37°48′54.4″S 144°57′31.6″E
In 2009, the building was fully refurbished by then owner ISPT in order to increase energy efficiency to 5 stars[110][111][112]
44 2 Southbank Boulevard 160.8 m
(528 ft)
40 2005 Office Southbank
37°49′17.5″S 144°57′44.8″E
Designed by Bates Smart. Construction commenced in 2002, and it was completed in 2005.[113]
45 Verve 501 Swanston Tower
(501 Swanston Street)
159 m
(522 ft)
45 2006 Mixed Use City Centre
37°48′24.8″S 144°57′42.4″E
Designed by Urban Design Architects. Construction commenced in 2004, and it was completed in 2006.[114]
46 Upper West Side Tower 2
(Lonsdale Street)
156 m
(512 ft)
50 2014 Residential City Centre
37°48′54.5″S 144°57′14″E
3rd-tallest building of the Upper West Side complex. Building also referred to as 'Madison'. Construction commenced in 2011, and it was completed in 2014.[115]
47 (=) Shadow Play
(105 Clarendon Street)
153 m
(502 ft)
52 2018 Residential Southbank
37°49′37.5″S 144°57′29.2″E
First proposed in 2015, construction commenced in 2015. Completed in 2018.[116][117]
Southbank Central
(1–11 Balston Street)
153 m
(502 ft)
48 2017 Residential Southbank
37°49′30.6″S 144°57′41.1″E
First proposed in 2014, construction commenced in 2015. Completed in 2017.[118]
Optus Centre
(367 Collins Street)
153 m
(502 ft)
34 1975 Office City Centre
37°49′1.8″S 144°57′44.7″E
Completed in 1975, it became the city's tallest building, until it was surpassed by Nauru House in 1977.[78][119]
50 (=) Crown Towers
(8 Whiteman Street)
152.5 m
(500 ft)
43 1997 Hotel Southbank
37°49′20.4″S 144°57′37.3″E
Tallest of three Crown hotels in Melbourne. Tallest all-hotel building in Australia.[120] Designed by Hudson Conway Architects and Daryl Jackson.[121]
140 William Street 152.5 m
(500 ft)
41 1972 Office City Centre
37°48′57″S 144°57′31.8″E
Construction commenced in 1969; completed in 1972, it became the city's tallest building, until it was surpassed by Optus Centre in 1975, by 50 centimetres.[78][122][123] Recipient of the RVIA Victorian Architects award in 1975.[124]
52 Urban Workshop Lonsdale
(50 Lonsdale Street)
150 m
(492 ft)
34 2005 Office City Centre
37°48′33.4″S 144°58′14.4″E
Designed by HASSELL, John Wardle Architects and B+N Group[125]

Tallest buildings by precinct

This lists the tallest building in each precinct of Melbourne based on standard height measurement.

Rank Name Height Floors Precinct
of Melbourne
Completion
List
1 1 Australia 108 316.7 m (1,039 ft) 100 Southbank 2020[37]
2 3 Aurora Melbourne Central 270.5 m (887 ft) 84 City Centre 2019[44]
3 9 Swanston Central 236.7 m (777 ft) 71 Carlton 2019[62][63]
4 25 LK Tower 178 m (584 ft) 52 South Yarra 2020[88]
5 =41 Royal Domain Tower 162 m (531 ft) 43 St Kilda Road 2005[108]
6 KPMG Collins Square 145 m (476 ft) 36 Docklands 2016[126]
7 Fifty Albert 98.1 m (322 ft) 30 South Melbourne 2013[127]

Tallest buildings by function

This lists the tallest buildings in Melbourne by their respective functions—office, hotel, residential and mixed-use—based on standard height measurement.

Rank Name Height Floors Function Completion
List
1 1 Australia 108 316.7 m (1,039 ft) 100 Residential 2020[37]
2 4 120 Collins Street 266.6 m (875 ft) 52 Office 1991[47]
3 =11 568 Collins Street 224 m (735 ft) 68 Mixed-use 2015[66]
4 =50 Crown Towers 152.5 m (500 ft) 43 Hotel 1997[121]

Skyscrapers at least 200 metres in height

Melbourne comprises 17 skyscrapers (completed or topped-out) which reach a height of at least 200 metres (660 ft)—more than any other city within Australia and Oceania. Of those, twelve skyscrapers are located within the City Centre, four are located within Southbank, and one in Carlton. Another eight skyscrapers are currently under construction, seven of which are to be built in the City Centre and one in Southbank.

Historical tallest buildings

This section lists the ten tallest buildings in Melbourne for every decade since 1990. By 1980, all buildings within the top-10 listing reached a height of 100 metres (330 ft); in 1995, the threshold increased to 150 metres (490 ft); and again in 2015, to 200 metres (660 ft).

1990[128]
RankBuildingHeightBuiltDiagram
1Rialto Towers251.1 m (824 ft)1986
2Sofitel Hotel188 m (617 ft)1980
ANZ Tower188 m (617 ft)1978
4Nauru House182 m (597 ft)1977
5385 Bourke Street169 m (554 ft)1983
6National Bank House161 m (528 ft)1978
7Optus Centre153 m (502 ft)1975
8140 William Street152.5 m (500 ft)1972
9360 Collins Street142 m (466 ft)1978
101 Spring Street132 m (433 ft)1988
2000[129]
RankBuildingHeightBuiltDiagram
1120 Collins Street266.6 m (875 ft)1991
2101 Collins Street260 m (850 ft)1991
3Rialto Towers251.1 m (824 ft)1986
4Bourke Place224 m (735 ft)1991
5Telstra Corporate Centre218 m (715 ft)1992
6Melbourne Central211 m (692 ft)1991
7Sofitel Hotel188 m (617 ft)1980
ANZ Tower188 m (617 ft)1978
9Nauru House182 m (597 ft)1977
10385 Bourke Street169 m (554 ft)1983
2010[130]
RankBuildingHeightBuiltDiagram
1Eureka Tower297.3 m (975 ft)2006
2120 Collins Street266.6 m (875 ft)1991
3101 Collins Street260 m (850 ft)1991
4Rialto Towers251.1 m (824 ft)1986
5Bourke Place224 m (735 ft)1991
6Telstra Corporate Centre218 m (715 ft)1992
7Melbourne Central211 m (692 ft)1991
8Freshwater Place North205 m (673 ft)2005
9Sofitel Hotel188 m (617 ft)1980
ANZ Tower188 m (617 ft)1978
2020[131]
RankBuildingHeightBuiltDiagram
1Australia 108316.7 m (1,039 ft)2020
2Eureka Tower297.3 m (975 ft)2006
3Aurora Melbourne Central270.5 m (887 ft)2019
4120 Collins Street266.6 m (875 ft)1991
5101 Collins Street260 m (850 ft)1991
6Prima Pearl254 m (833 ft)2014
7Rialto Towers251 m (823 ft)1986
8Premier Tower249 m (817 ft)2020
9Victoria One246.8 m (810 ft)2018
10Swanston Central236.7 m (777 ft)2019

Timeline of tallest buildings

This lists buildings that once held the title of "tallest building in Melbourne".

NameImageYears as tallestHeightFloorsNotes
Kew Asylum1871–7630 m (98 ft)5[132]
Yorkshire Brewery Tower1876–8834 m (112 ft)8[122][132]
Fink's Building1888–8943 m (141 ft)10Demolished in 1897[132][133]
The Australian Building1889–193253 m (174 ft)12Demolished in 1980[122][132]
Manchester Unity Building1932–5864 m (210 ft)13[132][134]
Orica House1958–6281 m (266 ft)20Tallest building in Australia (1958–61)[122][135]
CRA Building1962–6999 m (325 ft)26Demolished in c.1980[132][136][137]
AMP Square1969–71113.4 m (372 ft)28[122][132][138][139]
Marland House1971–72121 m (397 ft)32[122][132][140][141]
140 William Street1972–75152.5 m (500 ft)41[122][123][132][132]
Optus Centre1975–77153 m (502 ft)34[119][132]
Nauru House1977–78182 m (597 ft)52[85][132]
ANZ Tower at Collins Place1978–86188 m (617 ft)56Equal–tallest building in Melbourne with Sofitel Hotel at Collins Place from 1980 to 1986[81][132]
Sofitel Hotel at Collins Place1980–86188 m (617 ft)50Equal–tallest building in Melbourne with ANZ Tower at Collins Place[79]
Rialto Towers1986–91251.1 m (824 ft)63Tallest building in Australia (1986–91), tallest building in Australia to roof (1986–2006)[55][132]
101 Collins Street1991260 m (850 ft)50Tallest building in Australia (1991)[50][132]
120 Collins Street1991–2006266.6 m (875 ft)52Tallest building in Australia (1991–2005)[47][132]
Eureka Tower2006–2019297.3 m (975 ft)91Tallest building in Australia to roof (2006–19)[42][132]
Australia 1082019–present316.7 m (1,039 ft)100Tallest building in Australia to roof (2019–present)[37]

Major future projects

This is a list of currently Topped Out, Under Construction, Approved and Proposed highrise / skyscrapers set for Melbourne.[142]

Key:
Topped Out Under Construction Approved Proposed
Name Height Floors Purpose Precinct
of Melbourne
Completion Status
m ft
Green Spine Tower 1356.2 1,169101Mixed UseSouthbankTBAProposed[143][144][145]
Australia 108316.7 1,039100ResidentialSouthbank2020Topped Out[37][38]
25–35 Power Street280 92071Mixed UseSouthbankTBAApproved[146][147]
West Side Place Tower 1268.7 88281Mixed UseCity Centre2022Under Construction[148][149][150]
Green Spine Tower 2256.2 84156Mixed UseSouthbankTBAProposed[143][144][145]
280 Queen Street251.8 82680ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[151][152]
Queens Place South Tower251 82379ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[153][154][155]
Queens Place North Tower249.9 82079ResidentialCity Centre2020Under Construction[153][155][156]
Premier Tower248.6 81678ResidentialCity Centre2020Under Construction[157]
Elysium243.8 80075ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[158][159][160]
383 La Trobe Street242 79470Mixed UseCity CentreTBAApproved[161][162]
51–65 Clarke Street233 76473ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[163][164][165]
Shangri-La by the Gardens231.7 76059HotelCity CentreTBAUnder Construction[166][167]
West Side Place Tower 4230 75068ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[168][169]
295 City Road228 74870ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[170][171]
Melbourne Square Tower 1226 74172ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[172][173][174]
Melbourne Square Tower 2226 74172ResidentialSouthbank2021Under Construction[173][175]
71–87 City Road224.6 73767ResidentialSouthbankTBAProposed[176]
640 Bourke Street220 72068MixedCity CentreTBAApproved[177][178]
Sapphire by the Gardens218.8 71858ResidentialCity CentreTBAUnder Construction[166][167]
158 City Road218 71565ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[179]
380 Melbourne217.5 71467ResidentialCity Centre2020Under Construction[180][181][182]
303 La Trobe Street213 69966ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[183][184]
West Side Place Tower 2211 69275ResidentialCity Centre2022Under Construction[150]
295–309 King Street210.6 69163ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[185][186]
111–125 A'Beckett Street210 69065ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[187][188]
West Side Place Tower 3210 69063ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[149][168][169]
272 Queen Street210 69062Mixed UseCity CentreTBAApproved[189]
88 Melbourne208.5 68460ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[190][191]
63 Exhibition Street204 66958ResidentialCity CentreTBAProposed[192]
Home Southbank193 63360ResidentialSouthbankTBAUnder Construction[193][194][195][196]
334–344 City Road190 62057ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[197][198]
556–558 Lonsdale Street189 62057ResidentialCity Centre2020Under Construction[199][200]
140 King Street188 61757ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[201][202]
268–274 City Road187.1 61455ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[203]
80 Collins South187 61441Mixed UseCity Centre2020Topped Out[83][84]
582–606 Collins Street185.5 60954Mixed UseCity CentreTBAApproved[204][205]
Melbourne Square Tower 5180 59054HotelSouthbankTBAApproved[172][173][174]
LK Tower178 58450ResidentialSouth Yarra2020Topped Out[88]
Melbourne Square Tower 3175 57456ResidentialSouthbank2021Under Construction[173][175]
Melbourne Square Tower 4175 57456ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[172][173][174]
Scape on Franklin175 57455ResidentialCity Centre2020Under Construction[206][207]
60–82 Johnson Street Twin Towers 1175 57451ResidentialSouth MelbourneTBAApproved[208][209]
60–82 Johnson Street Twin Towers 2175 57451ResidentialSouth MelbourneTBAApproved[208][209]
32 Flinders Street174 57154ResidentialCity CentreTBAApproved[210][211]
87–105 Queensbridge171.6 56351ResidentialSouthbankTBAProposed[212]
Victoria Police Centre Tower 2171 56140OfficeCity Centre2020Topped Out[91][92]
Southbank Place166 54552ResidentialSouthbank2019Topped Out[98][99]
Olderfleet165 54140OfficeCity Centre2020Topped Out[103]
228–238 Normanby Road164.3 53949ResidentialSouth MelbourneTBAApproved[213][214]
Unilodge Place161 52852ResidentialCity CentreTBAUnder Construction[215]
405 Bourke Street161 52839OfficeCity Centre2020Under Construction[216][217][218]
57 Haig Street155.7 51147ResidentialSouthbankTBAApproved[219][220]
Paragon155 50948ResidentialCity Centre2020Under Construction[221]
Questo151 49548ResidentialSouthbankTBAProposed[222][223]
85–93 Lorimer Street150 49049ResidentialDocklandsTBAApproved[224][225]

Major cancelled, revised, or vision projects

This is a list of cancelled, revised or vision skyscraper proposals that were previously set for Melbourne.

Key:
Revised Cancelled Vision
Name Height Floors Purpose Precinct
of Melbourne
Proposed Status
m ft
Grollo Tower680 2,230137Mixed UseDocklands1997Cancelled[226]
South Pacific Centre610 2,000150Mixed UseDocklandsVision[227]
Grollo Tower560 1,840113Mixed UseDocklands2001Cancelled[226]
555 Collins Street404 1,32582OfficeCity Centre2013Revised[228][229]
Australia 108388 1,273108Mixed UseSouthbank2012Revised[228]
Victoria Central Tower380 1,25080Mixed UseCity CentreCancelled[230]
Urban Tree360 1,180TBCMixed UseSouthbank2018Vision[144]
The Lanescraper359.6 1,180TBCMixed UseSouthbank2018Vision[144]
Stack359 1,178TBCMixed UseSouthbank2018Vision[144]
Green Spine Tower 1356.2 1,169TBCMixed UseSouthbank2018Vision[144]
The Base345 1,132TBCMixed UseSouthbank2018Vision[144]
Melbourne Plaza338 1,10953OfficeCity CentreCancelled[231]
The Beulah Propeller City335 1,099TBCMixed UseSouthbank2018Vision[144]
Magic330 1,08060ResidentialCarlton2018Vision[232][233]
One Queensbridge323.6 1,06290Mixed UseSouthbank2015Cancelled[234][235][236]
Queensbridge Tower308 1,01084Mixed UseSouthbank2011Revised[235][237]
433–455 Collins Street300 980Mixed UseCity Centre2014Cancelled[238]
555 Collins Street298 97891Mixed UseCity Centre2014Revised[229][239]
Green Spine Tower 2252.2 827TBCMixed UseSouthbank2018Vision[144]
Tower Melbourne226 74171ResidentialCity Centre2012Cancelled[240][241]
447 Collins Street Twin Towers 1165 54147OfficeCity Centre2015Revised[242][243]
447 Collins Street Twin Towers 2165 54147OfficeCity Centre2015Revised[242][243]

See also

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