List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Americas

This is an alphabetical list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Americas. The Americas (also known as Pan-America, America or the New World) is the second largest continent, just behind Asia. It comprises three regions, North America (Canada and the United States), the Caribbean (cultural region of the English, Dutch and Creole speaking countries located on the Caribbean Sea) and Latin America (nations that speak Portuguese and Spanish. The Americas are almost entirely located in the Western Hemisphere, with some of the north-west islands of Alaska entering the Eastern Hemisphere. The majority of islands lying in the Atlantic between the Americas and Afro-Eurasia, such as Iceland, are not normally associated with the Americas and are therefore excluded from this list.

Sovereign states

The following is a list of sovereign states in the Americas. All 35 are members of the United Nations and the Organization of American States.

Flag English short name English long name Capital Domestic long names Independence ISO 3 letter Alpha Code
Antigua and Barbuda[1] Antigua and Barbuda St. John's English: Antigua and Barbuda 1981 ATG
Argentina[2][3] Argentine Republic
Buenos Aires Spanish: República Argentina
1816 ARG
Bahamas[1] Commonwealth of The Bahamas Nassau English: Commonwealth of The Bahamas 1973 BHS
Barbados[1] Barbados Bridgetown English: Barbados 1966 BRB
Belize[1] Belize Belmopan English: Belize
Spanish: Belice
1981 BLZ
Bolivia[4] Plurinational State of Bolivia
La Paz & Sucre [B] Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Quechua: Buliwya Mamallaqta
Aymara: Wuliwya Suyu
Guarani: Tetã Volívia
1825 BOL
Brazil[3] Federative Republic of Brazil
Brasília Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil 1822 BRA
Canada[5] Canada Ottawa English: Canada
French: Canada
1931 CAN
Chile[2][6] Republic of Chile
Santiago[C] Spanish: República de Chile 1818 CHL
Colombia[4] Republic of Colombia
Bogotá Spanish: República de Colombia 1810 COL
Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica
San José Spanish: República de Costa Rica 1821 CRI
Cuba Republic of Cuba
Havana Spanish: República de Cuba 1902 CUB
Dominica[1] Commonwealth of Dominica Roseau English: Commonwealth of Dominica 1978 DMA
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo Spanish: República Dominicana 1844 DOM
Ecuador[4][6] Republic of Ecuador
Quito Spanish: República del Ecuador 1822 ECU
El Salvador Republic of El Salvador
San Salvador Spanish: República de El Salvador 1821 SLV
Grenada[1] Grenada St. George's English: Grenada 1974 GRD
Guatemala Republic of Guatemala
Guatemala City Spanish: República de Guatemala 1821 GTM
Guyana[1] Co-operative Republic of Guyana Georgetown English: Co-operative Republic of Guyana 1966 GUY
Haiti[1] Republic of Haiti Port-au-Prince French: République d'Haïti 1804 HTI
Honduras Republic of Honduras
Tegucigalpa Spanish: República de Honduras 1821 HND
Jamaica[1] Jamaica Kingston English: Jamaica 1962 JAM
Mexico United Mexican States Mexico City Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1810 MEX
Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua Managua Spanish: República de Nicaragua 1821 NIC
Panama Republic of Panama Panama City Spanish: República de Panamá 1903 PAN
Paraguay[3] Republic of Paraguay Asunción Spanish: República del Paraguay
Guarani: Tetã Paraguái
1811 PRY
Peru[4] Republic of Peru Lima Spanish: República del Perú
Quechua: Piruw Republika
Aymara: Piruw Suyu
1821 PER
Saint Kitts and Nevis[1] Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre English: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983 KNA
Saint Lucia[1] Saint Lucia Castries English: Saint Lucia 1979 LCA
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[1] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979 VCT
Suriname[1] Republic of Suriname Paramaribo Dutch: Republiek Suriname 1975 SUR
Trinidad and Tobago[1] Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago 1962 TTO
United States[5][6] United States of America Washington, D.C. English: United States of America 1776 USA
Uruguay[3] Oriental Republic of Uruguay Montevideo Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay 1828 URY
Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Caracas Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela 1811 VEN

Other territories

The 25 territories on this list are not sovereign states. This includes dependent territories of Pan-American countries listed above, or are territories that are either part of or subject to a European country.

Flag English short name English long name Political status Capital Domestic short names
Anguilla Anguilla Territory of the United Kingdom The Valley English: Anguilla
Aruba Aruba Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Oranjestad Dutch: Aruba
Bermuda Bermuda Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Hamilton English: Bermuda
Portuguese: Bermudas
Bonaire Bonaire Special municipality of the Netherlands[7] Kralendijk Dutch: Bonaire
Papiamento: Boneiru
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Road Town English: British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Territory of the United Kingdom George Town English: Cayman Islands
Clipperton Island[8] Clipperton Island French government possession Uninhabited French: Île de la Passion
Curaçao Curaçao Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Willemstad Dutch: Curaçao
Papiamento: Kòrsou
Falkland Islands[9] Falkland Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Stanley English: Falkland Islands
French Guiana French Guiana Overseas department of France[10] Cayenne French: Guyane française
Greenland Greenland Country of the Kingdom of Denmark Nuuk Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat
Danish: Grønland
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Overseas department of France[10] Basse-Terre French: Guadeloupe
Martinique Martinique Overseas department of France[10] Fort-de-France French: Martinique
Montserrat[1] Montserrat Territory of the United Kingdom Plymouth English: Montserrat
Navassa Island[11] Navassa Island United States Minor Outlying Islands
Haiti
Uninhabited English: Navassa Island
French: L'île de la Navasse
Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Unincorporated commonwealth of the United States San Juan Spanish: Puerto Rico
English: Puerto Rico
Saba Saba Special municipality of the Netherlands[7] The Bottom Dutch: Saba
Saint Barthélemy Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy Overseas collectivity of France Gustavia French: Saint-Barthélemy
Saint Martin Collectivity of Saint Martin Overseas collectivity of France Marigot French: Saint-Martin
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overseas collectivity of France Saint-Pierre French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon
Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Special municipality of the Netherlands[7] Oranjestad Dutch: Sint Eustatius
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Philipsburg Dutch: Sint Maarten
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[9] South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Territory of the United Kingdom King Edward Point English: South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Cockburn Town English: Turks and Caicos Islands
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands Unincorporated organized territory of the United States Charlotte Amalie English: United States Virgin Islands

Notes

  1. Full member of the Caribbean Community
  2. Claims territory in Antarctica
  3. Full member of Mercosur
  4. Full member of the Andean Community
  5. Signatory to the North American Free Trade Agreement, source: CIA The World Factbook
  6. Includes Pacific islands usually not considered part of the Americas
  7. The Special Municipalities of the Netherlands are fully incorporated parts of the Netherlands.
  8. Sometimes considered to be part of Oceania.
  9. Claimed by Argentina
  10. The Overseas Departments of France are fully incorporated parts of France.
  11. Claimed by Haiti

See also

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