List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Eurasia

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Eurasia, along with other areas of special political status.

Eurasia is a continent comprising the traditional continents of Europe and Asia. It is divided from Africa by the Isthmus of Suez. Some states such as Malta are traditionally part of Eurasia, however they lie on the African tectonic plate. It is separated from Australasia (Oceania) somewhere in the Malay archipelago, and is usually considered as including Indonesia and Timor-Leste (East Timor).

Some areas are associated with Eurasian states, being part of them or dependent upon them, but are not physically in it. Examples are the Danish territory of Greenland, French overseas departments, some British Overseas Territories, and the Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

Sovereign states

United Nations Member States

The following is a list of internationally recognized sovereign states and are members of the United Nations.[1]

Flag Location English short name English long name Domestic short name Domestic long name Capital
Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریتDa Afġānistān Islāmī Jomhoriyat Persian: جمهوری اسلامی افغانستانJomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānistān Kabul
Albania Republic of Albania Albanian: Shqipëria Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë Tirana
Albanian: Tiranë
Andorra Principality of Andorra Andorra Catalan: Principat d'Andorra
French: Principauté d'Andorre
Spanish: Principado de Andorra
Andorra la Vella
Catalan: Andorra la Vella
French: Andorre-la-Vieille
Spanish: Andorra la Vieja
Armenia[n 1] Republic of Armenia Armenian: Հայաստան/ Հայք
Armenian Transliteration: Hayastan/ Hayq
Armenian: Հայաստանի ՀանրապետությունHayastani Hanrapetut’yun Yerevan
Armenian: Երևան or Երեւան
Austria Republic of Austria German: Österreich German: Republik Österreich Vienna
German: Wien
Azerbaijan[n 1] Republic of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası Baku
Azerbaijani: Bakı
Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain Arabic: مملكة البحرينMamlakat al-Baḥrayn Manama
Bangladesh People's Republic of Bangladesh Bangla: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Dhaka
Belarus Republic of Belarus Belarusian and Russian: Беларусь
Belarusian and Russian Transliteration: Byelarus
Belarusian: Рэспубліка Беларусь
Russian: Республика Беларусь
Belarusian and Russian Transliteration: Respublika Byelarus
Minsk
Belarusian: Мінск
Russian: Минск
Belgium Kingdom of Belgium Dutch: België
French: Belgique
German: Belgien
Dutch: Koninkrijk België
French: Royaume de Belgique
German: Königreich Belgien
Brussels
Dutch: Brussel
French: Bruxelles
German: Brüssel
Bhutan Republic of Bhutan Dzongkha: Brug rGyal-Khab Thimphu
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian, Serbian Latin, Croatian: BiH, Bosna
Serbian Cyrillic: БиХ, Босна
Bosnian, Serbian Latin, Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina
Serbian Cyrillic: Босна и Херцеговина
Sarajevo
Bosnian, Serbian Latin, Croatian: Sarajevo
Serbian Cyrillic: Сарајево
Brunei State of Brunei, Abode of Peace Malay: بروني دارالسلامNegara Brunei Darussalam Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria Bulgarian: България Bulgarian: Република България
Bulgarian Transliteration: Republika Balgariya
Sofia
Bulgarian: София
Bulgarian Transliteration: Sofiya
Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia Khmer: Preăh Réachéa Nachâk Kâmpŭchéa Phnom Penh
China[2] People's Republic of China Simplified Chinese: 中国

Traditional Chinese: 中國Zhōngguó

Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国

Traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó

Beijing
Chinese: 北京
Croatia Republic of Croatia Croatian: Hrvatska Croatian: Republika Hrvatska Zagreb
Cyprus Republic of Cyprus Greek: Κύπρος
Greek Transliteration: Kýpros
Turkish: Kıbrıs
Greek: Κυπριακή ΔημοκρατίαKypriakí Dimokratía

Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti

Nicosia
Greek: Λευκωσία
Turkish: Lefkoşa
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech: Česko Czech: Česká republika Prague
Czech: Praha
Denmark Kingdom of Denmark Danish: Danmark Danish: Kongeriget Danmark Copenhagen
Danish: København
Estonia Republic of Estonia Estonian: Eesti Estonian: Eesti Vabariik Tallinn
Finland Republic of Finland Finnish: Suomi
Swedish: Finland
Finnish: Suomen tasavalta
Swedish: Republiken Finland
Helsinki
Finnish: Helsinki
Swedish: Helsingfors
France French Republic French: France French: République française Paris
Georgia[n 1] Georgia Georgian: საქართველოSakartvelo Tbilisi
Georgian: თბილისი
Germany Federal Republic of Germany German: Deutschland German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland Berlin
Greece Hellenic Republic Greek: Ελλάδα/ Ελλάς
Greek Transliteration: Ellada/ Ellas
Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Greek Transliteration: Elliniki Dimokratia
Athens
Greek: Αθήνα
Greek Transliteration: Athina
Hungary Hungary Hungarian: Magyarország Hungarian: Magyarország Budapest
Iceland Republic of Iceland Icelandic: Ísland Icelandic: Lýðveldið Ísland Reykjavík
Icelandic: Reykjavíkurborg
India Republic of India Hindi: भारत गणराज्यBhārat Gaṇarājya New Delhi
Indonesia[n 2] Republic of Indonesia Indonesian: Republik Indonesia Jakarta
Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ايرانJomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān Tehran
Iraq Republic of Iraq Arabic: جمهورية العراقJumhūriyat Al-Irāq

Kurdish: كۆماری عێراقKomarî Êraq

Baghdad
Ireland Republic of Ireland[n 3][3] Irish: Éire Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann[n 3][4] Dublin
Irish: Baile Átha Cliath
Israel State of Israel Hebrew: יִשְרָאֵלMedīnat Yisrā'el

Arabic: إسرائيلDawlat Isrā'īl

Jerusalem
Italy Italian Republic Italian: Italia Italian: Repubblica Italiana Rome
Italian: Roma
Japan Japan Japanese: 日本国Nippon-koku/Nihon-koku Japanese: 日本国Nippon-koku/Nihon-koku Tokyo
Jordan The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Arabic: المملكة الأردنية الهاشميهal-'Urdunn Amman
Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan Kazakh: Қазақстан
Kazakh Transliteration: Qazaqstan
Russian: Казахстан
Russian Transliteration: Kazakhstán
Kazakh: Қазақстан РеспубликасыQazaqstan Respublïkası

Russian: Республика КазахстанRespublika Kazakhstan

Astana
Kazakh: Астана
Russian: Астана
Korea, North Democratic People's Republic of Korea Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk Pyongyang
Korea, South Republic of Korea Korean: 대한민국Daehan-minguk Seoul
Kuwait State of Kuwait Arabic: دولة الكويتDawlat al-Kuwait Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Republic Kyrgyz: Кыргыз РеспубликасыKırgız Respublikası

Russian: Кыргызская РеспубликаKyrgyzskaya Respublika

Bishkek
Laos Lao People's Democratic Republic Lao:ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວSathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao Vientiane
Latvia Republic of Latvia Latvian: Latvija Latvian: Latvijas Republika Riga
Latvian: Rīga
Lebanon Lebanese Republic Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانيةal-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah

French: République libanaise

Beirut
Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein German: Liechtenstein German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein Vaduz
Lithuania Republic of Lithuania Lithuanian: Lietuva Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika Vilnius
Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg
French: Luxembourg
German: Luxemburg
Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg
French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg
Luxembourg City
Luxembourgish: Stad Lëtzebuerg
French: Ville de Luxembourg
German: Luxemburg Stadt
Malaysia Malaysia Malay: مليسيا

Simplified Chinese:马来西亚 Traditional Chinese:馬來西亞

Malay: مليسيا

Simplified Chinese:马来西亚 Traditional Chinese:馬來西亞

Kuala Lumpur
Maldives Republic of Maldives Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމުހޫރިއްޔާDivehi Rājjey ge Jumhuriyyā Malé
Malta Republic of Malta Maltese: Malta Maltese: Repubblika ta' Malta Valletta
Maltese: Il-Belt Valletta
Moldova Republic of Moldova Romanian: Moldova Romanian: Republica Moldova Chisinau
Romanian: Chişinău
Monaco Principality of Monaco French: Monaco
Monégasque: Múnegu
Occitan: Mónegue
Italian: Monaco
French: Principauté de Monaco
Monégasque: Principatu de Múnegu
Occitan: Principat de Mónegue
Italian: Principato di Monaco
Monaco[n 4]
Mongolia Mongolia Mongolian: Монгол улс, Mongol uls Mongolian: Монгол улс, Mongol uls Ulaanbaatar
Montenegro Montenegro Montenegrin Latin: Crna Gora
Montenegrin Cyrillic: Црна Гора
Podgorica
Montenegrin Cyrillic: Подгорица
Myanmar (Burma) Republic of the Union of Myanmar Burmese: Pyi-daung-zu Myan-ma Naing-ngan-daw Naypyidaw
Nepal Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal Nepali:नेपालNepāl Nepali: संघीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपालSanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl Kathmandu
Netherlands[n 5][5] Kingdom of the Netherlands[n 6] Dutch: Nederland Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden Amsterdam (capital)
The Hague (seat of government)
Dutch: 's-Gravenhage (Den Haag)
North Macedonia Republic of North Macedonia Macedonian: Северна Македонија
Macedonian Transliteration: Severna Makedonija
Macedonian: Република Северна Македонија
Macedonian Transliteration: Republika Severna Makedonija
Skopje
Macedonian: Скопје
Norway Kingdom of Norway Bokmål: Norge
Nynorsk: Noreg
Bokmål: Kongeriket Norge
Nynorsk: Kongeriket Noreg
Oslo
Oman Sultanate of Oman Arabic: سلطنة عُمانSalṭanat ʻUmān Muscat
Pakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستانIslāmī Jumhūrī-ye Pākistān Islamabad
Papua New Guinea Independent State of Papua New Guinea English, Hiri Motu, PNG Sign Language, Tok Pisin Port Moresby
Philippines Republic of the Philippines Filipino: Pilipinas Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas Manila
Poland Republic of Poland Polish: Polska Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska Warsaw
Polish: Warszawa
Portugal Portuguese Republic Portuguese: Portugal Portuguese: República Portuguesa Lisbon
Portuguese: Lisboa
Qatar State of Qatar Arabic: دولة قطرDawlat Qaṭar Doha
Romania Romania Romanian: România Bucharest
Romanian: Bucureşti
Russia Russian Federation Russian: Росси́я
Russian Transliteration: Rossiya
Russian: Российская ФедерацияRossiyskaya Federatsiya Moscow
Russian: Москва
Russian Transliteration: Moskva
San Marino Republic of San Marino Italian: San Marino Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino City of San Marino
Italian: Città di San Marino[n 4]
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Arabic: المملكة العربية السعوديةal-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Suʻūdiyya Riyadh
Serbia Republic of Serbia Serbian Cyrillic: Србија
Serbian Latin: Srbija
Serbian Cyrillic: Република Србија
Serbian Latin: Republika Srbija
Belgrade
Serbian Cyrillic: Београд
Serbian Latin: Beograd
Singapore Republic of Singapore Simplified Chinese: 新加坡

Malay: Singapura

Simplified Chinese: 新加坡共和国

Malay: Republik Singapura Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு

Singapore City
Slovakia Slovak Republic Slovak: Slovensko Slovak: Slovenská republika Bratislava
Slovenia Republic of Slovenia Slovene: Slovenija Slovene: Republika Slovenija Ljubljana
Spain Kingdom of Spain Spanish: España Spanish: Reino de España Madrid
Sri Lanka Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Sinhalese:
Tamil: இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சமத்துவ குடியரசு
Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte
Sweden Kingdom of Sweden Swedish: Sverige Swedish: Konungariket Sverige Stockholm
Switzerland Swiss Confederation Latin: Helvetica
German: Schweiz
French: Suisse
Italian: Svizzera
Romansh: Svizra
Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica
German: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft
French: Confédération suisse
Italian: Confederazione Svizzera
Romansh: Confederaziun svizra
Bern or Berne
German: Bern
French: Berne
Italian: Berna
Romansh: Berna
Bernese German: Bärn
Syria Syrian Arab Republic Arabic: جمهورية سوريا العربيةAl-Jumhūriyyah al-ʿArabiyyah as-Sūriyyah Damascus
Tajikistan Republic of Tajikistan Tajik: ТоҷикистонTojikiston Tajik: Ҷумҳурии ТоҷикистонJumhurii Tojikiston Dushanbe
Thailand Kingdom of Thailand Thai: ประเทศไทยPrathed Thai Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทยRatcha Anachak Thai Bangkok
Timor-Leste (East Timor) Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste Portuguese: República Democrática de Timor-Leste
Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste
Dili
Portuguese: Díli
Turkey Republic of Turkey Turkish: Türkiye Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ankara
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Turkmen: Türkmenistan Turkmen: Türkmenistan Ashgabat
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Arabic: دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدةDawlat al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah Arabic: دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدةDawlat al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah Abu Dhabi
Ukraine Ukraine Ukrainian: Україна
Ukrainian Transliteration: Ukrayina / Ukraina
Kiev
Ukrainian: Київ
Ukrainian Transliteration: Kyiv
United Kingdom[n 7] United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Welsh: Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon
Scottish Gaelic: An Rìoghachd Aonaichte na Breatainn Mhòr agus Eirinn a Tuath
Irish: Ríocht Aontaithe na Breataine Móire agus Thuaisceart Éireann
Scots: Unitit Kinrick o Graet Breetain an Northren Irland
Cornish: An Rywvaneth Unys a Vreten Veur hag Iwerdhon Glédh
London
Uzbekistan Republic of Uzbekistan Uzbek: O‘zbekiston Uzbek: O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Tashkent
Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam Vietnamese: Việt Nam Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam Hanoi
Yemen Republic of Yemen Arabic: الجمهورية اليمنيةAl-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah San‘a’

United Nations Observer States

Non-member sovereign states are free to submit a petition to join as a full member at their discretion. The petition is then evaluated by the United Nations Security Council and the General Assembly.[6] For example, Switzerland was a permanent observer state from 1948 to 2002, until becoming a full member on September 10, 2002. Currently, there are two observer non-member states: the Holy See and Palestine. They are both permanent observers, described as "Non-member States having received a standing invitation to participate as observers in the sessions and the work of the General Assembly and maintaining permanent observer missions at Headquarters".[7]

Flag Map English short name English long name Legal status Domestic short name Domestic long name Capital
Palestine State of Palestine Observer state at the United Nations. Arabic: دولة فلسـطينAs-Sulta Al-Wataniyya Al-Filastīniyya Ramallah (de facto)
Jerusalem (claimed)
Vatican City

Holy See
State of the Vatican City Observer state at the United Nations. Italian: Città del Vaticano

Latin: Santca Sedes[8]
Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano

Latin: Sancta Sedes
Vatican City

States with limited recognition

The following entities are not UN member states and have limited or no recognition. However, they are defined as states by the declarative theory of statehood.

Flag Map English short name English long name Legal status Domestic short name Domestic long name Capital
Abkhazia[n 1] De jure part of Georgia[s 1] Abkhazian: АҧсныApsny

Georgian: აფხაზეთიApkhazeti/Abkhazeti Russian: Абха́зияAbhazia

Sukhumi
Abkhazian: АҟəаAkwa

Georgian: სოხუმიSokhumi Russian: Сухуми

Kosovo Republic of Kosovo De jure part of Serbia[s 2] Albanian: Kosova, Kosovë

Serbian Cyrillic: КосовоKosovo

Albanian: Republika e Kosovës

Serbian Cyrillic: Република КосовоRepublika Kosovo

Pristina
Albanian: Prishtina, Prishtinë

Serbian Cyrillic: ПриштинаPriština

Artsakh[n 1] Republic of Artsakh De jure part of Azerbaijan[s 3] Armenian: ԱրցախArtsakh Armenian: Արցախի ՀանրապետությունArtsakhi Hanrapetut’yun Stepanakert
Armenian: Ստեփանակերտ

Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ

Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus De jure part of Cyprus[s 4] Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti North Nicosia
Turkish: Kuzey Lefkoşa
South Ossetia[n 1] De jure part of Georgia[s 1] Ossetian: Хуссар ИрыстонKhussar Iryston

Georgian: სამხრეთ ოსეთიSamkhret Oseti Russian: Южная Осетия'Yuzhnaya Osetiya

Ossetian: Хуссар Ирыстон Республика Tskhinvali
Ossetian: Цхинвал or Чъреба
Ossetic Transliteration: Chreba
Taiwan[9] Republic of China See Legal Status of Taiwan. Traditional Chinese: 臺灣/台灣Táiwān
Taiwanese: 臺灣/台灣 Tâi-oân
Traditional Chinese: 中華民國Zhōnghuá Mínguó
Taiwanese: 中華民國 Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok
Taipei
Transnistria Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic De jure part of Moldova[s 5] Moldovan: НистрянэTransnistria

Russian: ПриднестрóвьеPridnestrov'ye Ukrainian: Придністрóв'яPrydnistrov'ya

Moldovan: Република Молдовеняскэ НистрянэRepublica Moldovenească Nistreană

Russian: Приднестрóвская Молдáвская РеспýбликаPridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika Ukrainian: Придністровська Молдавська РеспублікаPridnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika

Tiraspol
Moldovan: Тираспол
Russian and Ukrainian: Тира́споль

Dependent territories

The following places are territories in Eurasia that remain outside the controlling states integral area.

Flag Map English short name English long name Legal status Domestic short name Domestic long name Capital
Akrotiri and Dhekelia Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia British overseas territory Episkopi Cantonment
British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory British overseas territory English: British Indian Ocean Territory English: British Indian Ocean Territory Diego Garcia
Christmas Island[n 8] Territory of Christmas Island External territory of Australia English: Christmas Island English: Territory of Christmas Island Flying Fish Cove
Cocos (Keeling) Islands[n 8] Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands External territory of Australia English: Cocos Islands English: Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands West Island
Faroe Islands Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark Faroese: Føroyar
Danish: Færøerne
Tórshavn
Faroese: Tórshavn
Danish: Thorshavn
Gibraltar British overseas territory Gibraltar
Guernsey[n 7] Bailiwick of Guernsey Crown Dependency of The Crown in Right of the United Kingdom Guernésiais: Guernesey Guernésiais: Bailliage de Guernesey Saint Peter Port
Guernésiais: Saint Pierre Port
Isle of Man[n 7] Crown Dependency of The Crown in Right of the United Kingdom Manx: Mannin Manx: Ellan Vannin Douglas
Manx: Doolish
Jersey[n 7] Bailiwick of Jersey Crown Dependency of The Crown in Right of the United Kingdom Jèrriais: Jèrri Jèrriais: Bailliage de Jersey Saint Helier
Jèrriais: Saint Hélyi

Special areas of internal sovereignty

The following places are integral parts of their controlling state, but have a political arrangement which was decided by agreements with other states.

Flag Map English short name English long name Legal status Domestic short name Domestic long name Capital
Åland Islands Åland Islands Autonomous area of Finland Swedish: Åland
Finnish: Ahvenanmaa
Swedish: Landskapet Åland
Finnish: Ahvenanmaan maakunta
Mariehamn
Finnish: Maarianhamina
Hong Kong Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Traditional Chinese: 香港 Traditional Chinese: 香港特別行政區 Hong Kong
Jan Mayen Jan Mayen Territory of Norway administrated by the County Governor of Nordland, with some authority delegated to the station commander.[10] Norwegian: Jan Mayen Norwegian: Jan Mayen Olonkinbyen
Macau Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Chinese: 澳門特別行政區 Macau
Svalbard Svalbard Special territory of Norway Norwegian: Svalbard Norwegian: Svalbard Longyearbyen

See also

Notes

  1. Part of Transcaucasian Region, which is a border between Europe and Asia.
  2. Some territory could be argued to be a part of Asia or Oceania.
  3. The terms Republic of Ireland and Poblacht na hÉireann are not official long names and are used only as a legal description meant to differentiate the state from the island.
  4. These countries are city-states.
  5. Netherlands is the name for the largest country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the short name for the Kingdom
  6. Refers to the sovereign entity encompassing the countries the Netherlands (comprising the territory in Europe and 3 islands in the Caribbean), Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten.
  7. The United Kingdom (UK) consists of the constituent countries England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales and controls the Crown Dependencies of Guernsey, the Isle of Man and Jersey. The mainlands of England, Scotland and Wales make up the island of Great Britain (often shortened to Britain), which is sometimes used synonymously with the United Kingdom.
  8. Debate exists as to whether Australian territories are integral areas of Australia of not

References

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